Medical Terminology

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Author:
Ghoelix
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195599
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Medical Terminology
Updated:
2013-01-27 01:57:20
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medical terminology
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medical terminology
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  1. Where did medical terminology begin?
    Most diagnostic and surgical terms are Greek based, and most anatomical terms are Latin.

    Medical terminology began with the founding modern medicine by the Greeks and was influenced by Latin, the universal language at the time.
  2. "lip"
    • root term
    • meaning: fat
  3. "lip/o"
    • combining form
    • meaning "fat"
  4. "-emia"
    • suffix
    • meaning "blood condition"
  5. "hyper-"
    • prefix
    • meaning "excessive"
  6. "protein"
    • root word
    • meaning "protein"
  7. How is "o" used in medical terminology?
    It is used to combine root words.
  8. "Lip" is...
    and "Lipo" is...
    • Lip is "fat"
    • and Lipo is the combining form of lip.
  9. "angi/o" / "vas/o" / "vascual/o"
    Vessel.
  10. "cardio/o"
    heart
  11. "enter/o"
    small intestine
  12. "esophag/o"
    esophagus
  13. "gastr/o"
    stomach
  14. "hem/o" / "hemat/o"
    blood
  15. "hepat/o"
    liver
  16. "oste/o"
    bone
  17. "ur/o" / "urin/o"
    urine
  18. -as / -eal
    pertaining to
  19. -ectasis
    expansion or dilation
  20. -ectomy
    excision ( removal )
  21. -ia
    condition of
  22. -itis
    inflammation
  23. -logy
    study of
  24. -megaly
    enlargement
  25. -stomy
    creation of an opening
  26. -tomy
    incision
  27. oligo-
    few or deficient
  28. para-
    alongside of, abnormal
  29. peri-
    around
  30. A combining vowel is not used before a suffix that begins with a vowel.
    vas ( vessel ) ectomy is just "vasectomy", not "vasoectomy"
  31. If root ends in vowel and suffix begins with same vowel ( oste and ectomy )...
    Do not write / say "osteectomy", it's just "ostectomy".
  32. If using two roots, the first that ends with a vowel ( cardi ) and the second that also begins with a vowel ( esophag ), do you use a combining vowel between them?
    Yes; cardioesophageal.
  33. If prefix ends in a vowel ( para ) and root begins with a vowel ( enter/o ), how do you spell?
    Drop the last vowel of the prefix: "para" becomes "par" - parenteral.
  34. cardi/o
    • root
    • meaning heart
  35. vascul/o
    • root
    • meaning vessel
  36. -ac / -al / -ar
    • suffix
    • meaning pertaining to
  37. -dynia
    • suffix
    • meaning pain
  38. -ium
    • suffix
    • meaning structure or tissue
  39. -logy
    • suffix
    • meaning study of
  40. -rrhaphy
    • suffix
    • suture
  41. -rrhexis
    • suffix
    • rupture

    ruh-roh
  42. endo-
    • prefix
    • within
  43. epi-
    • prefix
    • upon, surface
  44. sub-
    • suffix
    • below or under
  45. Metastasis...
    Spread of disease from one location to another.
  46. ch =
    • "k"
    • chemical
  47. c ( before a, o ,u, ) =
    • "k"
    • cat
  48. c ( before e, i ) =
    • "s"
    • cereal
  49. g ( before a, o, u ) =
    • "g"
    • golf, gut, game
  50. g ( before e, i ) =
    • "j"
    • genes, giant
  51. ph =
    • f
    • phenol
  52. pn =
    • "n"
    • pneumonia
  53. ps =
    • "s"
    • psoriasis
  54. pt =
    • "t"
    • pterodactyl
  55. rh, rrh =
    • "r"
    • rhythm, hemorrhoid, diarrhea
  56. x ( fist letter of word ) =
    • "z"
    • xylophone, xerosis
  57. -a
    singular
    "uh"
    vertebra
    • -ae
    • plural
    • "ay"
    • vertebrae
  58. -is
    singular
    "iss"
    diagnosis
    • -es
    • plural
    • "ees"
    • diagnoses
  59. -ma
    singular
    "ma"
    candolyma
    • -mata
    • plural
    • "mata / mahda"
    • condylomata
  60. -on
    singular
    "on"
    phenomenon
    • -a
    • plural
    • "uh"
    • phenomena
  61. -um
    singular
    "um"
    bacterium
    • -a
    • plural
    • "uh"
    • bacteria
  62. -us
    singular
    "us"
    fungus
    • -i
    • plural
    • "eye"
    • funji
  63. -ax
    singular
    "ax"
    thorax
    • -aces
    • plural
    • "ayseez"
    • thoraces
  64. -ex
    singular
    "ex"
    apex
    • -ices
    • plural
    • "ih-seez"
    • apices
  65. -ix
    singular
    "ix"
    appendix
    • -ices
    • plural
    • "ih-seez"
    • appendices
  66. -y
    singular
    "ee"
    myopathy
    • -ies
    • plural
    • "eez"
    • myopathies
  67. a- / an-
    • prefix
    • without
    • asymmetrical
  68. anti- / contra-
    • prefix
    • against, opposed to
  69. de-
    • prefix
    • from, down, not
  70. ab-
    • prefix
    • away from
    • abduction
  71. ad-
    • prefix
    • toward, to, near
    • adduction
  72. circum-
    • prefix
    • around
  73. dia- / trans-
    • prefix
    • across, through
  74. e-, ec-, ex-
    • prefix
    • out, away
  75. ecto- / exo- / extra-
    • prefix
    • outside
  76. en- / endo- / intra -
    • prefix
    • within, inside
  77. epi-
    upon, on surface of
  78. inter-
    between
  79. meso-
    middle
  80. meta-
    beyond, after, change
  81. para-
    alongside of, or abnormal
  82. retro-
    backward or behind
  83. sub- / infra-
    below or under
  84. hyper-
    excessive or above
  85. hypo-
    deficient, below
  86. oligo-
    few, deficient
  87. pan-
    all
  88. poly-  / multi-
    many
  89. quadri-
    four
  90. super- / supra-
    above, excessive
  91. tri-
    three
  92. ultra-
    beyond, excessive
  93. ante- / pre- / pro-
    before
  94. pro-
    before
  95. brady-
    slow
  96. tachy-
    fast
  97. post-
    after, behind
  98. re-
    again
  99. con- / syn- / sym-
    together, with
  100. dys-
    painful, difficult, faulty
  101. eu-
    good, normal
  102. neo-
    new
  103. algia- / dynia-
    pain
  104. -genesis
    origin, production
  105. -lysis
    breaking down, dissolution
  106. -megaly
    enlargment
  107. -oid
    resembling
  108. -penia
    abnormal reduction
  109. -rrhea
    discharge
  110. -spasm
    involuntary contraction
  111. -cele
    pouching or hernia
  112. -ectasis
    expansion or dilation
  113. -emia
    blood condition
  114. -iasis
    formation or presence of
  115. -itis
    inflamation
  116. -malacia
    softening
  117. -oma
    tumor
  118. -osis
    condition or increase
  119. -phil / -philia
    attraction for
  120. -ptosis
    falling or downward displacement
  121. -rrhage / -rrhagia
    to burst forth, usually blood

    ( eww )
  122. -rrhexis
    rupture
  123. -centesis
    puncture for aspiration
  124. -desis
    binding
  125. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  126. -pexy
    suspension or fixation
  127. -plasty
    surgical repair or reconstruction
  128. -rrhaphy
    suture
  129. -tomy
    incision
  130. -stomy
    creation of an opening
  131. -ation
    process
  132. -e
    general indicator that a word is a person, place, or thing
  133. -ia / -ism
    condition of
  134. -y
    condition or process of
  135. -ium
    structure or tissue
  136. -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ic, -ous, -tic
    pertaining to
  137. -icle, -ole, -ula, -ule
    small
  138. -gram
    record
  139. -graph
    instrument for recording
  140. -graphy
    process of recording
  141. -iatrics / iatry
    treatment
  142. -logy
    study
  143. -logist
    one who specializes in the study or treatment of
  144. -ist
    one who specializes in
  145. -meter
    instrument for measuring
  146. -metry
    process of measuring
  147. -poiesis
    formation
  148. -scope
    instrument for examination
  149. -scopy
    process of examination
  150. -stasis
    stop or stand
  151. cyan/o
    blue
  152. erythr/o
    red
  153. leuk/o
    white
  154. melan/o
    black
  155. aer/o
    air, gas
  156. hem/o, hmat/o
    blood
  157. hydr/o
    water
  158. lip/o
    fat
  159. py/o
    pus
  160. ur/o, urni/o
    urine
  161. abdomin/o, lapar/o
    abdomen
  162. acr/o
    extremity or topmost
  163. aden/o
    gland
  164. angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
    vessel
  165. arthr/o
    joint
  166. cardi/o
    heart
  167. cephal/o
    head
  168. col/o, colon/o
    colon
  169. cyt/o
    cell
  170. der/o, dermat/o, cutane/o
    skin
  171. enter/o
    small intestine, SI
  172. esohpag/o
    esophagus
  173. gastr/o
    stomach
  174. hepat/o
    liver
  175. hist/o
    tissue
  176. myh/o, muscul/o
    muscle
  177. nas/o, rhin/o
    nose
  178. neph/o, ren/o
    kidney
  179. neur/o
    nerve
  180. or/o
    mouth
  181. oste/o
    bone
  182. pneum/o, pneumon/o
    air, lung
  183. carcin/o
    cancer
  184. crin/o
    to secrete
  185. esthesi/o
    sensation
  186. fibr/o
    fiber
  187. gen/o
    origin, production
  188. gynec/o
    woman
  189. lith/o
    stone
  190. morph/o
    change
  191. necr/o
    death
  192. onc/o
    tumor, mass
  193. orth/o
    straight, normal, correct
  194. path/o
    disease
  195. ped/o
    child or foot

    ( I mean, who can even tell the difference, really )
  196. phag/o
    eat or swallow
  197. phas/o
    speech
  198. phob/o
    exaggerated fear or sensitivity
  199. plas/o
    formation
  200. psych/o
    mind
  201. slcer/o
    hard
  202. son/o
    sound
  203. sten/o
    narrow
  204. therm/o
    heat
  205. tox/o, toxic/o
    poison
  206. troph/o
    nourishment or development

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