A&P Final Review: Circulatory System

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A&P Final Review: Circulatory System
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2013-01-27 13:57:34
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Circulatory System
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A&P Final Review: Circulatory System
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  1. The smallest type of blood vessel is known as 
    A. Venules
    B. Arterioles
    C. Veins
    D. Capillaries
    D. Capillaries
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which of the following functions is associated with blood?
    A. transport of oxygen to tissues
    B. blood clotting
    C. fighting off infections
    D. All of the above
    D. All of the above
  3. A person with AB blood can receive blood from?
    A. a type A donor
    B. A type B donor
    C. A type O donor
    D. all of the above
    D. all of the above
  4. The heart
    A. is below the diaphragm
    B. is mostly on the right side
    C. is posterior to the vertebrae
    D. Is in the mediastinum
    D. Is in the mediastinum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The thick, muscular bulk of the heart wall is formed by
    A. Myocardium
    B. Epicardium
    C. Pericardium
    D. Endocardium
    B. Epicardium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The pulmonary arteries
    A. return oxygenated bolod  to the heart's left atrium
    B. Sends oxygenated blood to the lungs
    C. returns oxygenated blood in the heart's right atrium
    D. Sends de-oxygenated blood to the lungs
    D. Sends de-oxygenated blood to the lungs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which is not a function of the heart?
    A. fighting off infection
    B. carrying hormones to their target cells
    C. All are functions of the heart
    D. Delivering oxygen & nutrients to the body
    C. All are functions of the heart
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Gas and nutrients exchange at the lungs and body tissues occurs in
    A. veins
    B. venules
    C. capillaries
    D. arteries
    C. capillaries
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The side of the heart that is associated with oxygenated blood is the
    A. bottom side
    B. left side
    C. right side
    D. top side
    B. left side
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The serous membrane surrounding the heart is called
    A. Pericarditis
    B. Periccardium
    C. Apex
    D. Base
    B. Periccardium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Blood travels away from the heart through (D)
    A. Veins
    B. Capillaries
    C. Arteries
    D. Venules
    C. Arteries
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. If the pulmonary semi-lunar was non-functional, which organ would be affected.
    A. Arteries
    B. Veins
    C. Heart
    D. Lungs
    D. Lungs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Small, kidney bean shapepdlymphatic organs distributed along lymphatic vessels are called.
    A. Kidney nodes
    B. Peyer's patches
    C. Spleen nones
    D. Lymph nodes
    D. Lymph nodes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The thymus gland
    A. site if B cell maturation
    B. is located around the spleen
    C. produces RBC's
    D. is larger in infants than adults
    D. is larger in infants than adults
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. This type of immunity is said to be inherited

    A. Passive
    B. Active
    C. natural/innate
    D. Acquired
    C. natural/innate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. This type of immunity is received from breast milk
    A. active
    B. passive
    C. natural
    D. none of the above
    B. passive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. If someone's heart is beating over 100 bpm, they are said to be in:
    A. Pulmonary edema
    B. Myocardial infarction
    C. Tachycardia
    D. Bradycardia
    C. Tachycardia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. These blood cells help to fight disease
    A. Leukocytes
    B. Red Blood Cells
    C. Thrombocytes
    D. Erythrocytes
    A. Leukocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The pH factor of blood is 7.35-7.45 which is considered
    A. slightly alkaline
    B. neutral
    C. slightly acidic
    D. none of the above
    C. slightly acidic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. These blood cells are responsible for helping the blood to clot
    A. Neurons
    B. Thrombocytes
    C. Erythrocytes
    D. Leukocytes
    B. Thrombocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The valve that divides the right ventricle is called
    A. Tricuspid Valve
    B. Both B & C
    C. Right AV valve
    D. Right semilunar valve
    B. Both B & C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. A condition where there is a reduction in the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood is called
    A. Hemophilia
    B. Hypertension
    C. Embolus
    D. Anemia
    D. Anemia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. A condition resulting from the malfunction of the valves in the veins of the lover extremity
    A. Leukemia
    B. Raynaud's syndrome
    C. Stoke
    D. Varicose Veins
    D. Varicose Veins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Abnormal accumulation of interstitial fluid in the tissue is:
    A. Anemia
    B. Hemophilia
    C. Myocardial Infarction
    D. Lymphedema
    D. Lymphedema
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. True or False
    Arteries contain valves
    False
  26. True or False
    Peyer's patches are found in the walls of the small intestines (T)
    True
  27. True or False
    The left lymphatic duck drains  more than the right
    True
  28. True or False
    A ventricular contraction on the heart is diastole
    False
  29. True or False
    The blood pumped in 1 minute is Stroke Volume
    False
  30. True or False
    Blood is considered dense connective tissue
    • False
    • Blood is considered connective tissue
  31. True or False
    Natural killer cells will attack a tumor
    True
  32. True or False
    Lymph nodes cleanse the lymph
    True
  33. Difference between endocrine glands and exocrine glands?
  34. The cardiovascular system consist of what?-
    • heart
    • blood
    • vessels
  35. What are the 3 functions of the cardiovascular system
    • 1. Transportation-Gases, nutrients, wastes, hormones, heat
    • 2. Regulation-ph, electrolytes, temp, blood cloting
    • 3. Protection-Immune system (White blood cells)
  36. Pale yellow fluid that is appx 90 water is called
    Plasma
  37. Plasma Protiens that make blood sticky is called
    A. albumins
    B. globulins
    C. fibrinogens
    A. albumins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. The thin inner layer of the heart wall is called ________.
    a. Epicardium
    b Myo cardium
    c. Endocardium
    c. Endocardium
  39. ______ are blood reservoirs and contain up to 60% of blood.
    Veins
  40. The presure or force that blood excerts on the walls of blood vessels is called _______.
    blood pressure
  41. What is the system transport blood from the gastrointestinal tract ans spleen to the liver
    Hepatic Portal
  42. This artery supplies blood to the head
    Carotid artery
  43. What are the functions of the heart?
    Transport hormones and pumps blood
  44. Which sided of the heart has deoxy blood?
    Right
  45. What immunity type is inherited
    A. aquired immunity
    B. passive immunity
    C. innate immunity
    C. innate immunity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. What's another name for white blood cells?
    leukocytes
  47. Normal resting heat beat is?
    70
  48. What are the 3 functions of the cardiovascular system
    • 1. Transportation-Gases, nutrients, wastes, hormones, heat
    • 2. Regulation-ph, electrolytes, temp, blood cloting
    • 3. Protection-Immune system (White blood cells)
  49. What is the order of the clotting process

    -Membranes gets sticky
    -Smooth muscle contact
    -Injury to vessell
    -Chemical clotting factors are released
    • 1.Injury to vessell
    • 2.Smooth muscle contact
    • 3.Membranes gets sticky
    • 3.Chemical clotting factors are released
  50. The thick middle layer composed of cardiac muscle cells and is responsible for contractions is called _______.
    A. Myo cardium
    B. Endocardium
    C. Epicardium
    A. Myo cardium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. The thin inner layer of the heart wall is called ________.
    A. Myo cardium
    B. Endocardium
    C. Epicardium
    B. Endocardium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. Oxy blood reenters the heart via pulmaonary 

    A. vein
    B. artery
    A. vein
  53. The valve located between the atria and ventricales is called
    atrioventricular
  54. Lymph vessels that are small kindney beed shaped are called
    Lymph nodes
  55. Which side of the heart has deoxy blood?
    right
  56. During ______ the ventricles contract and eject blood.

    a. diastole
    b. systole
    b. systole
  57. During _____ the ventricles relax and fill with blood. 

    a. diastole
    b. systole
    a. diastole

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