A&P Final Review: Urinary System

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A&P Final Review: Urinary System
2013-01-27 13:14:44
Urinary System

Urinary System A&P Class
Show Answers:

  1. What is the function of the urinary system?
    Eliminates waste and foreign substances

    Regulates chemical composition of blood

    Regulates blood pH

    Regulates blood volume and fluid balances

    Regulates blood pressure

    Maintains homeostasis
  2. What is the basic anatomical structure of the kidney?
    It contains the cortex(outer region) and the  (inner region)
  3. What is a nephron?
    Filtering units located in the kidney
  4. What are the structure of the nephron
    Has three parts

    • 1. Glomerulus
    • 2. Bowman's capsule
    • 3. renal tubule
  5. Where does the filtration, secretion and absorption occur along the nephron?
    The glomerulus > Bowmans Capsule > renal tuble
  6. What is the purpose of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?
    measure blood pressure

    • Has two parts
    • 1.¬†juxtaglomerular cells
    • 2. maculs densa
  7. What are the functions of the bladder?
    The bladder stores urine that has been excreted from the kidney
  8. What are the functions of the urethra?
    The urethra is a single tube that drains(transport) urine from the bladder to an exterior opening
  9. This organ is located bilaterally at the spine level, lima bean-shaped
  10. Glomerulus, Bowman's capsule, and renal tubule are located where
  11. small cluster of blood vessels with Bowman's capsules are called

    A. Glomerulus
    B. Retnal tubule
    C. Nephrons
    A. Glomerulus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The ______ is the part of a nephron where waste become urine
    Renal Tubules