A&P Final Review: Urinary System
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What is the function of the urinary system?
Eliminates waste and foreign substances
Regulates chemical composition of blood
Regulates blood pH
Regulates blood volume and fluid balances
Regulates blood pressure
What is the basic anatomical structure of the kidney?
It contains the cortex(outer region) and the (inner region)
What is a nephron?
Filtering units located in the kidney
What are the structure of the nephron
Has three parts
- 1. Glomerulus
- 2. Bowman's capsule
- 3. renal tubule
Where does the filtration, secretion and absorption occur along the nephron?
The glomerulus > Bowmans Capsule > renal tuble
What is the purpose of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?
measure blood pressure
- Has two parts
- 1. juxtaglomerular cells
- 2. maculs densa
What are the functions of the bladder?
The bladder stores urine that has been excreted from the kidney
What are the functions of the urethra?
The urethra is a single tube that drains(transport) urine from the bladder to an exterior opening
This organ is located bilaterally at the spine level, lima bean-shaped
Glomerulus, Bowman's capsule, and renal tubule are located where
small cluster of blood vessels with Bowman's capsules are called
B. Retnal tubule
(this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
The ______ is the part of a nephron where waste become urine
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