English units 10-12 vocab

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jammy2000
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English units 10-12 vocab
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2013-01-27 18:43:15
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10 12 vocab
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  1. accrue
    • V. to grow or accumulate over time, to happen as a natural result
    • syn. collect, accumulate, proceed from
    • ant. dwindle, decrease, diminish, lessen
  2. annotation
    n. a critical or explanatory note or comment, especially for a literary work
  3. bedlam
    • n. a state or scene of uproar and confusion
    • syn. commotion, pandemonium, chaos, anarchy
    • ant. peace and quiet, order, tranquilty
  4. covert
    • adj. hidden, disguised, purposefully kept secret; sheltered secluded.  N. a sheltered place a hiding place.
    • syn. adj. undercover, clandestine, sub-rosa
    • ant. adj. open, overt, undisguised
  5. debonair
    • adj. pleasant, courteous , lighthearted, smooth and polished in a manner and appearance
    • syn. carefree, jaunty, gracious, suave, urbane
    • ant. distraught, agitated, boorish, churlish
  6. dun
    • v. to demand insistently, especially in payment of debt; n. a creditor; adj. dark dull, drab, dingy
    • syn.V. hound, pester, harass, nag
  7. efficacious
    • adj. effective, producing results
    • syn. effectual, efficient, potent, powerful
    • ant. ineffective, worthless, useless
  8. equanimity
    • n. calmness, composure, refusal to panic
    • syn. tranquility, imperturbability
    • ant. excitability, flappability, agitation
  9. fortutious
    • adj. accidental, occurring by a happy chance
    • syn. unintentional unplanned, random, lucky
    • ant. intentional, deliberate, premeditated
  10. gist
    • the essential part, main point, or essence
    • syn. substance, core, nucleus
  11. gratuitous
    • adj. freely given; not called for by circumstances, unwarranted
    • syn. voluntary, unjustified, uncalled-for
    • ant. justified, warranted
  12. imerpious
    • adj. overbearing, arrogant; seeking to dominate; pressing compelling
    • syn. domineering, magisterial, urgent, imperative
    • ant. fawning, obsequious, humble, unassuming
  13. invective
    • n. a strong denunciation or condemnation  abusive language; adj. abusive, vituperative
    • syn. n. vituperation, abuse, diatribe, philippic
    • ant. n. tribute, panegyric, encomium
  14. motley
    • adj. showing great variety; composed of different elements or many colors. n. a jester's costume, a jester.
    • syn. variegated, heterogeneous, diverse n. fool
    • ant. adj. uniform, homogeneous, monochromatic
  15. munificent
    • adj. extremely generous, lavish
    • syn. bounteous, liberal
    • ant. stingy, miserly, tightfisted, parimonious
  16. procraastinate
    • v. to delay, to put off until later
    • syn. stall temporize, dillydally
  17. provocative
    • adj. tending to produce a strong feeling or response; arousing desire to appetite; irritating, annoying
    • syn. stimulating, arousing, vexing, galling
    • ant. dull, insipid, bland, unstimulating 
  18. recondite
    • adj. exceeding ordinary knowledge and understanding
    • syn. esoteric, arcane, profound, abstruse
    • ant. simple, uncomplicated
  19. reprobate
    • `n. a depraved vicious, or unprincipled person, scoundrel. adj. wicked, corrupt, or unprincipled ; v. to disapprove of condemn
    • syn. n. scoundrel, blackguard; adj. immoral, corrupt
    • ant. n. saint; adj. upright, virtuous, moral
  20. sedentary
    • adj. characterized by or calling for continued sitting; remaining in one place
    • syn. seated, stationary, static
    • ant. active, peripatetic, migratory
  21. abstemious
    • adj. moderate, sparing (as in eating or drinking); characterized by the abstinence and self-discipline
    • syn. temperate, sober, moderate
    • ant. indulgent, immoderate, intemperate
  22. censurable
    • adj. deserving of blame or correction
    • syn. blameworthy, discreditable, reprehensible
    • ant. commendable, laudable, meritorious
  23. contingent
    • adj. likely but not certain to happen, possible, dependent on uncertain events or conditions, happening by chance; n. a representative group forming part of a larger body
    • syn. adj. conditional, dependent; n. a detachment
    • ant. adj. independent of, unconnected with ,certain
  24. corroborate
    • v. to confirm, make more certain, bolster, substantiate, verify
    • ant. adj. refute, contradict, undermine, discredit
  25. denzen
    • n. an inhabitant, resident; one who frequents a place
    • syn. resident, dweller, habitue
    • ant. alien, outsider, stranger, foreigner
  26. discursive
    • adj. passing aimlessly from one place or subject to another, rambling, roving, nomadic
    • syn. digressive, diffuse, wandering, episodic
    • ant. short and to the point succinct
  27. disseminate
    • v. to scatter or spread wodely
    • syn.disperse, publicize, broadcast, circulate
    • ant. bring together, concentrate, muster, conceal, hide
  28. dowdy
    • adj. poorly dressed, shabby, lacky smartness and good taste
    • syn. frumpy, tacky, frowsy, drab
    • ant. chic, stylish, elegant, fashionable
  29. florid
    • adj. highly colored, reddish, exceddively ornate, showy
    • syn. flushed, ruddy, flowery frilly, flamboyant
    • ant. pale, ashen, pallid, sallow, austere, stark
  30. foist
    • v. to impose by fraud, to pass off as worthy or genuine, to bring about by stealth, dishonesty, or coercion
    • syn.pass off, palm off, fob off
  31. gauche
    • adj. awkward, lacking in social graces, tactless, clumsy
    • syn. inept, uncouth, maladroit
    • ant.adroit, tactful, diplomatic, politic
  32. heresy
    • n. an opinion different from accepted belief; the denial of an idea that is generally held sacred
    • syn. unorthodox belief, heterodoxy
    • ant.orthodoxy
  33. inculcate
    • v. to impress on the mind by repetition, teach persistently and earnestly
    • syn. instill, implant, infuse, ingrain, imbue
    • ant. efface, extirpate, root out
  34. palpable
    • adj. capable of being touched or felt; easily seen, heard, or recognized
    • syn.tangible, plain, obvious, manifest
    • ant. intangible, insubstantial, incorporeal
  35. perceptive
    • adj. having sympathetic insight or understanding, capable of keen appreciation
    • syn. insightful, discerning, observant
    • ant. dense, thick, obtuse, dim-witted
  36. pernicious
    • adj. extremely harmful, deadly fatal
    • syn. injurious, deleterious, baleful, noxious
    • ant. harmless, innocuous, salutary, salubrious 
  37. salient
    • adj. leaping, jumping, or springing forth, prominent, standing out, conspicuous; n. a projection or bulge, a land form that projects upward or outward
    • syn. adj. striking, notable, protrusive, obvious
    • ant. adj. inconspicuous, recessive
  38. satiate
    • v. to satisfyf completely , to fill to excess; adj. full, satisfied 
    • syn. v.v gratify, cloy, surfeit gorge
    • ant. v. starve, deprive entirely of
  39. sear
    v. to make or become dry and withered, to char or scorch the surface of, to harden or make unfeeling, to parch, dessicate, singe
  40. specious
    • adj. deceptive, apparently good or valid but lacking real merit.
    • syn. deceptively plausible, sophistic, casuistic
    • ant. valid, sound, solid, genuine
  41. absolve
    • v. to clear from blame, responsibility, or guilt
    • syn. acquit, exonerate, vindicate, excuse pardon
    • ant. condemn, convict, incriminate, inculpate
  42. caricature
    • n. a representation ( especially a drwing) in which the subject's characteristic features are deliberately exaggerated; v. to present someone or something in deliberately distorted way
    • syn.cartoon, burlesque, parody, lampoon
  43. clangor
    • n. a loud ringing sound; v. to make a loud ringing noise
    • syn. n. din, clamor, uproar
    • ant. n. silence, stillness, peace and quiet
  44. contiguous
    • adj. side by side, touching near adjacent in time
    • syn. adjoining, abutting, next door to
    •  ant. detached, apart , distant, remote
  45. cupidity
    • n. eager desire for something; greed
    • syn. avarice, rapacity, craving, lust
    • ant. generosity, contentment, satiation, gratification
  46. deleterious
    • adj. harmful, injurious
    • syn. detrimental, destructive, pernicious, damaging
    • ant. helpful, beneficial, harmless, innoculous
  47. enhance
    • v. to raise to a higher degree; to increase the value or desirability of
    • syn. improve, magnify, heighten, elevate
    • ant. diminish, reduce, lessen, degrade
  48. enthrall
    • v. to captivate, charm, hold spellbound, to enslave, to imprison
    • syn. fascinate, enchant, attract, bewitch
    • ant. bore to tears, repel, put someone off
  49. extenuate
    •  v. to lessen the seriousness or magnitude of an offense by making partial excuses
    • syn. moderate, mitigate, diminish, downplay
    • ant. intensify, aggravate, worsen, exacerbate
  50. implicit
    • adj implied or understood through unexpressed, without doubts or reservations  unquestioning ; potentially contained in 
    • syn. inferred, tacit, unspoken, unconditional
    • ant. explicit, expressed, stated, revealed
  51. incisive
    • adj. sharp, keen, penetrating ( with a suggestion of decisiveness and effectiveness)
    • syn. acute,  cutting, perceptive, trenchant
  52. ostentatious
    • adj. marked by conspicuous or pretentious display, showy
    • syn. flashy, overdone, affected, flamboyant
    • ant. modest, plain, simple, demure, retiring
  53. paragon
    • n. a model of excellence or perfection
    • syn. exemplar, ideal, paradigm, model, good example
  54. paraphrase
    • v. to restate in other words; n. a statement that presents a given idea in a new language
    • syn. v. reword, rephrase; n. a rendition, version
    • ant. v. repeat verbatim, duplicate, quote
  55. politic
    • adj. prudent,shrewdly convinced and developed, artful, expedient
    • syn. tactful. diplomatic, judicious, circumspect
    • ant. remarkable, distinctive, poetic, inspired
  56. prosaic
    • adj. dull, lacking in distinction and originality, matter-of-fact, straightforward, characteristic of prose, not poetic
    • syn.commonplace, humdrum, literal, pedestrian
    • ant. remarkable, distinctive, poetic, inspired
  57. redundant
    • adj. extra, excess, more that in needed, wordy repetitive, profuse, lush
    • syn. unnecessary, superfluous, verbose, prolix
    • ant. succinct, terse, laconic, scarce, inadequate
  58. sanctimonious
    • adj. making a show of virtue or righteousness, hypocritically moralistic or pious, self-righteous, canting, holier-than-thou
    • ant.heartfelt, sincere, humble
  59. scintillating
    • adj. sparkling, twinkling, exceptionally brilliant (applied to mental or personal qualities)
    • syn. stimulating, lively, glittering, flashing
    • ant. dull boring, insipid, flat, tame, vapid
  60. winsome
    • adj. charming, attractive, pleasing (often suggesting a childlike charm and innocence)
    • syn. winning, engaging, delightful, prepossessing
    • ant. unattractive, unappealing,  repulsive

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