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Antacids neutralizes gastric acids, raise stomach pH, inactivates Pepsin
Give for peptic ulcer, indegestion, reflex esophagitis, prevent stress ulcers
- SE: Constipation, diarrhea, acid rebound between doses, metabolic acidosis
- Nursing: if med contains sodium, use cautiously in patients with cardiac and renal disease, may decrease absorp of other meds
aluminum hydroxide gel(Amphojel)
SE: consitpation -> impaction, phosphate depletion
Monitor bowl pattern, check if pt is on sodium restriction, encourage fluids, s/sx PO4 deficiency(malaise, weakness, tremors, bone pain) Shake well
Excess can produce N/V/D
Store at room temp with tight lid to prevent absoprtion of CO2, prolonged and frequent use of cathartic dose can lead to dependence, use caution in renal pts.
slight laxative effect
encourage fluids, use caution with renal pts.