PSY 360

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Author:
lilteenbean
ID:
195786
Filename:
PSY 360
Updated:
2013-01-27 19:12:25
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education psychology educational
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Description:
terms for ed psych class
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  1. NCLB (no child left behind)
    requires that all students take annual standardized achievement test in reading and mathematics.  The test scores judge school to determine if their students are making adequate yearly progress toward becoming proficient in these subjects.
  2. participation observation
    the researcher becomes a participant in the situation in order to better understand life in that group
  3. ethnography
    focuses on life within a group and tries to understand the meaning of events to the people involved
  4. descriptive studies
    studies that collect detailed information about specific situations, often using observation, surveys, interviews, recordings, or a combination of these methods
  5. differentiated instruction
    on way of going above and beyond accommodating these learner differences to seeing diversity as an array of strengths in which to build
  6. reflective
    thoughtful and inventive; think back over situations to analyze what you did and why, and consider how you might improve
  7. case studies
    intensive study of one person or situation
  8. correlation
    a number that indicates both the strength and the direction of a relationship between two events or measurements
  9. positive correlation
    indicates that the two factors increase or decrease together

    ie. calorie intake + weight gain
  10. negative correlation
    increases in one factor are related to decreases in the other

    ie. cost of tickets + position from stage
  11. experiementation
    research method in which variable are manipulated and the effects recorded
  12. participants/subjects
    people or animals studied
  13. random
    each participant has an equal chance of being in any group
  14. quasi-experimental studies
    meet most of the criteria for true experiments with the important exception that the participants are not assigned to groups at random
  15. statistically significant
    not likely to be a chance occurance
  16. single-subject experiment designs
    the goal is to determine the effects of therapy, teaching method or other intervention
  17. micro-genetic studies
    the goal is to intensively study cognitive processes in the midst of change
  18. longitudinal studies
    study the development by observing their subjects over many years as changes occur
  19. cross-sectional
    focusing on groups of children at different ages
  20. principle
    established relationship between factors
  21. theory
    interrelated set of concepts that is used to explain a body of data and to make predictions about the results of future experiments 
  22. hypothesis
    a prediction of what will happen in a research study based on theory and previous research
  23. empirical
    based on data
  24. development
    certain changes that occur in human beings (or animals) between conception and death and remain for a reasonably long time
  25. physical development
    changes in the body
  26. personal development
    changes in an individual's personality
  27. social development
    changes in the way an individual relates to others
  28. cognitive development
    changes in thinking, reasoning, and decision making
  29. maturation
    changes that occur naturally and spontaneously and that are genetically programed
  30. nature
    heredity, genes, biology, maturation, etc.
  31. nuture
    education, parenting, culture, social policies
  32. coactions
    joint actions of individual biology and environment - each shapes and influences the other
  33. continuous (quantitative) change
    progress is steady
  34. discontinuous (qualitative) change
    there are level periods
  35. critical periods
    periods during which certain abilities need to develop
  36. sensitive periods
    times when a person is especially ready for or responsive to certain experiences
  37. neurons
    nerve cells that store and transfer information "gray matter"
  38. cerebral cortex
    responsible for complex problem solving and language - last part of the brain to develop
  39. lateratization
    specialization of the two hemispheres in the brain
  40. plasticity
    the brains tendency to remain somewhat adaptable or flexible
  41. biological maturation
    the unfolding of the biological changes that are genetically programmed
  42. activity
    ability to act on the environment and learn from it
  43. social transmission
    learning from others
  44. organization
    the combining, arranging, recombining and rearranging of behaviors and thoughts into coherent systems
  45. schemes
    basic building blocks of thinking - mental systems or categories of perceptions and experience
  46. adaptation
    adjusting to the environment
  47. assimilation
    fitting new information into existing schemes
  48. accomodation
    altering existing schemes or creating new ones in response to new information
  49. equilibration
    the act of finding balance
  50. sensorimotor stage (0-2 years)
    earliest period involving the senses and motor activity
  51. object permanence
    the understanding that objects exist in the environment whether they perceive them or not
  52. goal-directed actions
    deliberate actions to a goal

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