Localized dialtion of an artery caused by a congenital or acquired weakness in the wall of a vessel.
Chest pain often accompanied by SOB and relieved by rest.
Surgical repair of a vessel.
Arteriole. Vessel that carries blood away from the heart.
Disease in which the arterial walls become thickened and lose their elasticity without the presence of atheromas.
Disease in which medium and large arteries have atheromas which can reduce or obstruct blood flow. A form of arteriosclerosis.
Atrium. Upper chamber of the heart.
Slow heartbeat with ventricular contractions less than 60 bpm
Abnormal sound heard when auscultating an artery. Usually a blowing or swishing sound, higher pitched than a murmor.
Coronary Artery Disease. Accumulation of hardening plaque in the coronary arteries that eventually leads to angina.
Threading of a cathetar into the heart to collect diagnostic information about the structures in the heart, coronary arteries, and great vessels.
Enlargement of the heart.
Congestive Heart Failure. Inability of the heart muscle to pump blood efficiently so that it becomes overloaded.
Cramplike pains in the calves caused by poor circulation in the leg muscles.
Lack of oxygen in blood, seen as a bluish or grayish discoloration of skin, nail beds, and or lips.
Relaxation phase of the heart.
ECG. Process of graphing/recording the electrical activity of the heart muscle.
Myocardial Infarction. Cardiac tissue death that occurs when the coronary arteries are occluded (blocked) by an atheroma (mass of fat/lipids)
Abnormal heart sound heard which may be described as gentle blowing, fluttering, or a humming sound.
Paleness of skin and or mucous membranes.
Pounding, skipping, or racing of the heart, such that the pt is aware of their heartbeat.
Peripheral Arterial Occlusion
Blockage of blood flow to the extremities.
Peripheral Vascular Disorder
Any vascular disorder limited to the extremeties; may affect not only the arteries and veins, but also the lymphatics.
Positron Emission Tomography. Computerized nuclear medicine procedure that uses inhaled or injected radioactive substances to help identify how muc ha pt will benefit from revascularization procedures.
Septum. Wall between the chambers
Shortness of breath
Contraction phase of the heart.
Rapid heartbeat, more than 100 bpm
Fine vibration felt by the examiner or palpation.
Inflammation of either deep veins or superficial veins with the formation of one or more clots.
Elongated, dilated superficial veins with imcompetent valves that permit reverse blood flow.