Exam one Psych.txt
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What are the techniques to study brain function?
- Lesion technique
- Electrical activity
- PET Scan
What is the Lesion technique?
What is an EEG?
An electroencephalogram (EEG) is a test to measure the electrical activity of the brain.
What is a PET scan?
Radioactive Glucose to see the most active areas of the brain
What is an MRI?
- Looks at brain tissue
- Can look at brain damage
What is an FMRI?
FMRI looks at oxygen consumption.
What is the Medula?
- The brain stem
- Responsible for heart rate and breathing
What is the Reticular formation responsible for?
What is the Thalamus responsible for?
- It is the way station/filter for all senses except smell
- Relay station
What is the Cerebellum responsible for?
- Fine motor skills
What is the Limbic system for?
- Amygdala is part of the Limbic system
What is the Amygdala responsible for?
What is the Hypothalamus responsible for?
- Maintains homeostasis
What are the lobes of the Cerebral Cortex?
- Frontal Lobe
- Parietal Lobe
- Temporal Lobe
- Occipital Lobe
What is the Frontal Lobe responsible for?
- Executive functions
- Motor function
What is the Parietal responsible for?
Touch and sensation
What is the Occipital lobe responsible for?
What is the Temporal lobe responsible for?
What makes up the CNS?
Brain and spinal cord
What makes up the PNS?
- Somatic Nervous system
- Autonomic nervous system
- Sympathetic nervous system
- Parasympathetic nervous system
What is the Somatic nervous system?
Skeletal, motor function. Purposeful movement.
What is the Autonomic nervous system?
- Everything "automatic"
What is the Sympathetic nervous system?
- Fight or flight
What is the Parasympathetic nervous system?
What is the make up of a neuron?
- Cell body
- Myelinated sheaths
What are some Neurotransmitters?
- Nor Epi
What is the Threshold?
What the exhibitory stimulate reach the sensory action potential they reach a threshold
What is the Scientific attitude?
What is the scientific method?
- Variable definition
What is a Theory/
Integrated statement made upon observation
What are the different ways to sample effects?
- Random - equal chance of being selected and represent all options
- Representative - Ask everyone
- Naturalistic observation - Just watch
What is the Correlation Coefficient?
- Represents how closely related the variables are.
- -1 close relation (Both went down)
- +1 close relation (both went up)
- 0 no relation
Dr. Jones wants to know if caffeine improves grades. Caffeine is the _____?
When hypotheses are tested, the result is typically _____?
Confirmation or revision of the theory
What is the brain's ability to modify itself following damage?
A deficiency of myelin causes _____?
What is SQ3R?
A study method
What is MRI?
Magnetic resonance imaging
What is the junction between the sending and receiving neurons?
Correlating certain traits permits ____?
Which neurotransmitter is most involved in mood, hunger and sleep?
What is the limbic system link to?
Emotion and drives
The double-blind procedure is ____?
Only the data collector knows which treatments the participants receive
Which enables the right and left hemispheres to communicate?
The thalamus receives information from all senses except?
Which has the greatest representation in the sensory cortex?
Which is the dependent variable?
The outcome factor
Why do some protest the use of animals in research?
- Animals feel pain
- animals are similar and different from us
What is the correct order of the scientific method?
What is a random assignment?
Assigning participants to experimental and control conditions by chance
The knoblike structure at the end of the axon is the ____?
What is an Antagonist?
An antagonist mimic neurotransmitters
What is an agonist?
What is Aphasia
The general term for a language disorder
What lobe is involved in speaking an muscle movement?
What lobe is responsible for sight?
The occipital lobe
Fraternal twins are ___?
- Can be same sex or other
- From the separate fertilized eggs
What is behavior?
Anything an organism does
Endorphins are linked to?
Its difficult to wave your hand and foot in opposite directions. What part of the brain is involved here?
Motor cortex and frontal lobe
What a neuron fires, it____?
- Has reached threshold
- Send and action potential
- Does not cross the synaptic gap
How will a young child's brain react after a hemisphere is removed?
It will compensate by recruiting other brain areas, by plasticity
Saying "I knew that it would happen to him eventually" is an example of?
Excess neurotransmitters are taken up by the sending neuron. This is called ____?
What is a netlike structure important in alertness and arousal?
The Reticular formation
What do counseling psychologists do?
Help people cope with challenges, including academic, vocational, and martial issues
What is the definition of psychology?
The scientific study of behavior and mental process
Which is the "master gland"?
What is the function of the sympathetic nervous system?
What does the cognitive perspective focus on?
How we process information
What is the independent variable?
What is manipulated by the experimenter
Which research method measures cause and effect?
What is Curare?
What is the Behaviorism perspective?
How we learn and observable responses
What is the Neuroscience Perspective?
What is reg Social-culture perspective?
How we are influenced by each other
What is the behavior genetics perspective?
Nature and nurture
What is the purpose of a control group?
It allows for comparison and to control the possible placebo effect.
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