Exam one Psych.txt

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Exam one Psych.txt
2013-01-27 21:15:38

Psych exam one
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  1. What are the techniques to study brain function?
    • Lesion technique
    • Electrical activity
    • PET Scan
    • MRI
  2. What is the Lesion technique?
  3. What is an EEG?
    An electroencephalogram (EEG) is a test to measure the electrical activity of the brain.
  4. What is a PET scan?
    Radioactive Glucose to see the most active areas of the brain
  5. What is an MRI?
    • Looks at brain tissue
    • Can look at brain damage
  6. What is an FMRI?
    FMRI looks at oxygen consumption.
  7. What is the Medula?
    • The brain stem
    • Responsible for heart rate and breathing
  8. What is the Reticular formation responsible for?
    Sleep/wake cycle
  9. What is the Thalamus responsible for?
    • It is the way station/filter for all senses except smell
    • Relay station
  10. What is the Cerebellum responsible for?
    • Fine motor skills
    • Speech
    • Balance
  11. What is the Limbic system for?
    • Emotions
    • Amygdala is part of the Limbic system
  12. What is the Amygdala responsible for?
  13. What is the Hypothalamus responsible for?
    • Thermoregulation
    • Maintains homeostasis
  14. What are the lobes of the Cerebral Cortex?
    • Frontal Lobe
    • Parietal Lobe
    • Temporal Lobe
    • Occipital Lobe
  15. What is the Frontal Lobe responsible for?
    • Executive functions
    • Plans
    • Goals
    • Motor function
  16. What is the Parietal responsible for?
    Touch and sensation
  17. What is the Occipital lobe responsible for?
  18. What is the Temporal lobe responsible for?
  19. What makes up the CNS?
    Brain and spinal cord
  20. What makes up the PNS?
    • Somatic Nervous system
    • Autonomic nervous system
    • Sympathetic nervous system
    • Parasympathetic nervous system
  21. What is the Somatic nervous system?
    Skeletal, motor function. Purposeful movement.
  22. What is the Autonomic nervous system?
    • Glands
    • Organs
    • Everything "automatic"
  23. What is the Sympathetic nervous system?
    • Adranergic
    • Fight or flight
  24. What is the Parasympathetic nervous system?
    • Calming
    • Feed or bread
  25. What is the make up of a neuron?
    • Dendrites
    • Cell body
    • Axon
    • Myelinated sheaths
    • Synapse.
  26. What are some Neurotransmitters?
    • Acetacholine
    • GABA
    • Glutamate
    • Epi
    • Nor Epi
    • Seratonin
    • Dopamine
  27. What is the Threshold?
    What the exhibitory stimulate reach the sensory action potential they reach a threshold
  28. What is the Scientific attitude?
    • Curiosity
    • Humility
    • Skeptical
    • Openmindness
  29. What is the scientific method?
    • Theory
    • Hypothesis
    • Variable definition
    • Replication
  30. What is a Theory/
    Integrated statement made upon observation
  31. What are the different ways to sample effects?
    • Random - equal chance of being selected and represent all options
    • Representative - Ask everyone
    • Naturalistic observation - Just watch
  32. What is the Correlation Coefficient?
    • Represents how closely related the variables are.
    • -1 close relation (Both went down)
    • +1 close relation (both went up)
    • 0 no relation
  33. Dr. Jones wants to know if caffeine improves grades. Caffeine is the _____?
    Independent variable
  34. When hypotheses are tested, the result is typically _____?
    Confirmation or revision of the theory
  35. What is the brain's ability to modify itself following damage?
  36. A deficiency of myelin causes _____?
  37. What is SQ3R?
    A study method
  38. What is MRI?
    Magnetic resonance imaging
  39. What is the junction between the sending and receiving neurons?
  40. Correlating certain traits permits ____?
  41. Which neurotransmitter is most involved in mood, hunger and sleep?
  42. What is the limbic system link to?
    Emotion and drives
  43. The double-blind procedure is ____?
    Only the data collector knows which treatments the participants receive
  44. Which enables the right and left hemispheres to communicate?
    Corpus callosum
  45. The thalamus receives information from all senses except?
  46. Which has the greatest representation in the sensory cortex?
  47. Which is the dependent variable?
    The outcome factor
  48. Why do some protest the use of animals in research?
    • Animals feel pain
    • animals are similar and different from us
  49. What is the correct order of the scientific method?
    • Theory
    • Hypothesis
    • Observation
  50. What is a random assignment?
    Assigning participants to experimental and control conditions by chance
  51. The knoblike structure at the end of the axon is the ____?
  52. What is an Antagonist?
    An antagonist mimic neurotransmitters
  53. What is an agonist?
    Block neurotransmitters
  54. What is Aphasia
    The general term for a language disorder
  55. What lobe is involved in speaking an muscle movement?
  56. What lobe is responsible for sight?
    The occipital lobe
  57. Fraternal twins are ___?
    • Can be same sex or other
    • From the separate fertilized eggs
  58. What is behavior?
    Anything an organism does
  59. Endorphins are linked to?
  60. Its difficult to wave your hand and foot in opposite directions. What part of the brain is involved here?
    Motor cortex and frontal lobe
  61. What a neuron fires, it____?
    • Has reached threshold
    • Send and action potential
    • Does not cross the synaptic gap
  62. How will a young child's brain react after a hemisphere is removed?
    It will compensate by recruiting other brain areas, by plasticity
  63. Saying "I knew that it would happen to him eventually" is an example of?
    Hindsight bias
  64. Excess neurotransmitters are taken up by the sending neuron. This is called ____?
  65. What is a netlike structure important in alertness and arousal?
    The Reticular formation
  66. What do counseling psychologists do?
    Help people cope with challenges, including academic, vocational, and martial issues
  67. What is the definition of psychology?
    The scientific study of behavior and mental process
  68. Which is the "master gland"?
  69. What is the function of the sympathetic nervous system?
    • Arousal
    • Expend energy
  70. What does the cognitive perspective focus on?
    How we process information
  71. What is the independent variable?
    What is manipulated by the experimenter
  72. Which research method measures cause and effect?
  73. What is Curare?
    Ach Antagonist
  74. What is the Behaviorism perspective?
    How we learn and observable responses
  75. What is the Neuroscience Perspective?
    Brain functions
  76. What is reg Social-culture perspective?
    How we are influenced by each other
  77. What is the behavior genetics perspective?
    Nature and nurture
  78. What is the purpose of a control group?
    It allows for comparison and to control the possible placebo effect.