Parasitology Drugs

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
195881
Filename:
Parasitology Drugs
Updated:
2013-01-28 00:46:59
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Parasitology Drug
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Drugs
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  1. Trypanosoma Cruzi
    Benznidazole/Nifurtimox
  2. Leishmaniasis
    • Miltfosine
    • Amphoteracin B
    • Pentostam
    • Paromomycin
  3. African Trypanosomiasis
    • Suramin or Eflornithine (outside CNS)
    • Melarsoprol (when crossing blood brain barrier)
  4. Trichomonas Vaginalis
    Metronidazole "Flagyl"
  5. Giardiasis
    • Metronidazole "Flagyl"
    • Tinidazole (Tindamax)
  6. Cryptosporidium Parvuum
    None
  7. Entamoeba histolytica
    • Metronidazole "Flagyl" followed by Paromomycin for intestinal
    • Just Metronidazole alone with drainage of cyst for ALA
  8. Toxoplasma Gondii
    Spiramycin
  9. Plasmodium
    • Quinine (no resistance so reserve drug)
    • Chloroquine (ovale, vivax, malariae)
    • Primaquine (for liver hypnozoites)
    • Sulfadoxine/Pyramethamine(/Meflaquine)
    • ARTEMETHER/LUMEFANTRINE (falciparum)
  10. Plasmodium prophylaxsis
    • Melfloquine (psychiatric)
    • Doxycycline
    • Chloroquine (itchy skin)
    • Pauladrine/Malarone (atovaquone&proguanil) (mouth ulcers)
  11. Schistosoma Haematobium
    Praziquantel
  12. Schistosoma mansoni
    Praziquantel
  13. Schistosoma japonicum
    Praziquantel
  14. Fasciola hepatica
    Triclabendazole
  15. Clonorchis sinensis
    Praziquantel
  16. Paragonimus westermani
    Praziquantel
  17. Taenia Saginata
    Praziquantel
  18. Taenia Solium
    • Niclosamide: and purge the whole worm with pumpkin seeds if no drug 
    • Albendazole/corticosteroids: neurocysticerosis
  19. Dipylidium caninum
    Niclosamide or Praziquantel
  20. Diphyllobothrium latum
    Praziquantel (or Niclosamide)
  21. Echinococcus granulosus
    • Surgery
    • Albendazole: complex/transitional cases
    • PAIR: puncture aspirate inject repeat
    • Watch and wait: inactive
  22. Echinococcus multilocularis
    Albendazole FOR LIFE!!
  23. Ancylostoma duodenale
    Albendazole (Mebendazole)
  24. Necator Americanus
    Albendazole (Mebendazole)
  25. Ascaris lumbricoides
    Albendazole/Ivermectin
  26. Trichuris trichuris
    Albendazole
  27. Enterobius vermicularis
    Albendazole
  28. Strongyloides stercoralis
    Thiabendazole/Ivermectin
  29. Ancylostoma caninum/A.braziliense
    Topical thiabendazole/Ivermectin/Albendazole
  30. Toxocara canis
    Albendazole/corticosteroids
  31. Trichinella spp
    Mebendazole (have to keep taking to repress the larvae) 
  32. Loa loa
    • Ivermectin
    • Albendazole: if heavily infected
    • DEC: but not in high microfilaria cases
  33. Dracunculus medinensis
    • Albendazole: gets rid of prepatent adults and contains larva
    • Thiabendazole: hastens expulsion of worms and dulls pain 
    • Moist bandage
  34. Onchocerca volvulus
    • Ivermectin: take twice a year to keep microfilariae under control (adults live 16 years)
    • DEC
    • Doxycycline
  35. Wuchereria bancrofti
    • Ivermectin/Albendazole
    • DEC/Albendazole
    • Surgery 

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