Card Set Information
Health Science 8th Grade. Final 1st Semester
What is a combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well-being?
What is an overall state of well-being, or total health?
What is the passing on of traits from your parents as a result of the transmission of genes?
What is the sum total of your surroundings?
What is the way you act in many different situations and events in life?
What is your feelings and beliefs?
What is life-related habits?
What is providing health information in such a way that it influences people to change their attitudes and take positive actions regarding their health?
What is the possibility that an action may cause injury or harm to you or others?
What is the planned action taken before an event to increase the chances of a safe outcome?
What is the process of making a choice or finding a solution?
What are the beliefs and ideas that are to you and your family?
What is something you aim for?
What is the way you feel about yourself?
What is the outermost layer of skin?
What is the thick inner layer of skin?
What is the layer of fat tissue and is below the Dermis?
What is the substance that gives the skin its color?
What are the tiny holes in the skin?
What is the whitish, oily substance?
Who is a doctor who treats skin disorders
What are the small pockets on your head called?
What is a common scalp problem, which is a flaking of the outer layer of dead skin cells?
What are parasitic insects that live in the hair?
What is a nonliving band of epidermis around the nails called?
What is a substance that makes nails hard?
What is a group of cells, enamel, dentin, pulp, and cementum?
What is a structure made up of the jawbone, the gums, and connectors called ligaments?
What is the part of the tooth visible to the eye?
What is the part of the tooth between the crown and the root?
What is the part of the tooth inside the gum?
What is a sticky film on your teeth that is combined with sugar to form acid?
If plaque is not removed, it hardens and turns to this. What is it called?
If the decay is not stopped, it moves into the roots and pus collects in the bone sockets around the tooth. What is this painful condition known as?
What is the common disorder in which gums become red and swollen and bleed easily?
What is a condition in which the teeth of the upper and lower jaws do not align properly?
The structure that allows light to come together in the inner part of the eye
What is a clear, almost round structure that lets in light?
What is the color of the eye seen from the outside?
What is the watery fluid between the cornea and lens?
What is the tough outer covering?
What is the cord of nerve fibers that carries electrical messages from the retina to the brain?
What is the network of nerves that absorb light rays after they pass through the lens?
What allows air to pass from the nose to the middle ear so the air pressure is equal on both sides of the eardrum?
what is the baglike structure lined with hair cells that are essential to your hearing?
what are responsible for your balance?
what is a snail like structure, made up of three ducts filled with fluid and more than 15,000 hair cells
the nerves in the cochlea carry messages to the brain. These nerves form a vast network, which is called
the auditory nerve
a hard thickened part of the skin on the foot
an overgrowth of the skin on the foot
a fluid-filled pouch on the skin
what is an inflammation in the first joint of the big toe?
a problem cause by fungi growing in the warm, damp areas of the foot
another name for flatness in the bottom of the feet
the ability to accept yourself and others, adapt to and cope with emotions, and deal with the problems and challenges you meet in life
Mental and Emotional Health
the beliefs and ideas that are important to you
the unique combination of feelings, thoughts, and behavior that makes you different from everyone else
what is the view you have of the unique person you are
the way you feel about yourself, or how you value yourself
feelings, such as happiness, love, sadness, jealousy, anger, and fear
chemical substances, produced by glands, that control many body functions
needs that affect your feelings and sense of well-being
refusing to participate in sexual activity before marriage
the ways of communicating that help you say no effectively
your physical response to change and a normal part of being alive
stress that interferes with your life and makes you unhappy or sick is called
anything that causes stress is called a
a hormone that prepares your body either to fight or to flee
too much stress can lead to exhaustion or
repeated spurts of adrenaline can cause this, or aches and pains and extreme tiredness of the body
feelings of tiredness cause by your mental and emotional state
a mental strategy you use to cope with stress
mental disorders characterized by extreme feelings of anxiety or fear
when a person experiences extreme or prolonged emotions or mood changes that he or she cannot control
a mood disorder in which people lose interest in life and no longer find enjoyment in anything they do
a severe mental disorder in which people lose contact with reality
killing oneself on purpose
a reaction other than the ones that are intended on medicine
a mental health professional who is licensed to counsel and may have a masters or doctoral degree
medical doctors who treat serious mental health problems
your ability to get alon with the people around you
the connections you have with other people and groups in your life
the exchange of thoughts, ideas, and beliefs between two or more people
the result of each person's giving up something in order to reach a solution that satisfies everyone
working together for the good of all
accepting and respecting other people's beliefs and customs
using words to express thoughts, ideas, beliefs, and wants
hearing, thinking about, and responding to the other person's message
form of nonverbal communication
direct visual contact with another person's eyes
communication strategies that help you say no effectively
the basic unit of society
a family made up of two adults with no children
a family made up of a mother, a father, and a child or children
a family in which only one parent lives with the child. the parent may be unmarried, divorced, or widowed
a nuclear or single parent family plus other relatives--grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousin--living in the same household
a family consisting of a parent, a stepparent, and the children of one or both parents.
someone who marries a child's mother or father
able to be counted on
usually aware of how you are feeling
people your age who are similar to you in many ways
influence to go along with these beliefs and to try new activities
getting along with and communicating with other people
going out with male and female friends at the same time
being trustworthy, showing respect for the other person, and thinking ahead about the consequences of your actions
a strong emotional attachment to another person
a pledge or a promise
meeting a child's physical, emotional, social, and mental needs
duty or an obligation that depends on you
a struggle, disagreement, or a difference of opinion between opposing viewpoints
something usable, such as goods, property, money, or time
an opinion that has been formed without knowledge, usually about a person's race, religion, gender, or country of origin
respect for each other's point of view
a process of having a neutral third person, a mediator, help those in conflict to find a solution
a promise not to take sides
secrecy about anything that is said during mediation
the process of discussing problems to reach an agreement
physical, mental, or emotional injury inflicted on a person
the person who suffers from the abusers negative behavior
unlawful beating hitting, or kicking of another person
is any sexual comment, behavior, or contact that the victim does not want or that creates a hostile environment for the victim
the killing of one person by another
group of people who associate with each other
crime against people or property belonging to racial or ethnic groups different from their own
anybody who purchases goods or services
products that are made and purchased to satisfy someone's needs or wants
activities that are purchased to satisfy someones needs or wants
organization makes sure that appliances, toys and other products are safe
Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)
responsible for the safety and purity of cosmetics, medicines, and all foods except for meat and poultry
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
oversees the safety of meat and poultry. It inspects meat-packing plants
Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)
regulates the advertising of products and services in newspapers and magazines and on radio and televistion
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
a method of judging the benefits of different goods or services
stores that offer few services but have lower prices
slips of paper that offer savings on certain brands of goods
goods sold in plain packages and at lower prices that brand name goods
the usual pattern of thought, behavior, or action
a format for sending out messages or advertisements meant to interest consumers in buying goods and services
give good information about a product, but they sometimes pressure buyers
all the medical care available to a nation's people, the way they receive the care, and the way the care is paid for
health care system
the doctors and other health professionals who provide medical checkups and general care
primary care providers
doctors trained to handle particular kinds of patients or health matters
place where you can receive health care
health care facility
a plan in which private companies or government programs pay for part of the medical costs, and the patient pays for the rest
doctors approved by the health care plans
health insurance to people 65 years old or older
health insurance to people who are poor
many different types of doctors who give health care to members
health maintenance organization (HMO)
sale of worthless products and treatments claimed to prevent diseases or to cure other health problems
this means that the person improves because of a strong belief that the "medicine" is helping and not because of anything that the quack provides
are people or groups who devote themselves to helping consumers with problems
help consumers with problems
are state courts that handle cases with problems involving small amounts, usually $2,500 or less, but in some states up to $5,000
statement from another doctor giving his or her view of what should be done
a document that gives a person the right to provide health care but holds that person to certain standards
deals with the protection and improvement of community health
law passed by a city or town
prohibits the distribution of unsafe foods, drugs, medical devices, and cosmetics. Forbids false or misleading labeling on such products
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (1938)
prohibits discharge of pollutants into rivers and streams
clean water act
regulates storage, transport, treatment, and disposal of hazardous wastes. Describes cleanup of contaminated sites
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
Requires warning labels on art materials that contain hazardous substances
Labeling of Hazardous materials Act
Requires industeries to reduce the amount of toxic substances they release into the air. Sets standards for release of pollutants by vehicles
Clean Air Act
Sets federal minimum standards for helth care insurances
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
the disposal of sewage and wastes in ways that protect health
the basic units, or building blocks, of life
cells that do similar jobs
the joining together of two special cells one from each parent
cell from the mother that plays a part in fertilization is called
cell from the father that enters the egg cell
groups of organs that work together
pearshaped organ inside the mother's body
the fertilized cell begins to divide
after two months, the developing baby is called
about 1/3 inch long. Heart, brain and lungs are forming. Heart begins to beat. (baby)
End of first month
about 1 inch long. Skin and other organs are developing. Arms, fingers, legs, and toes are forming
End of Second Month
Weighs about 1 ounce and is about 3 inches long. Can open and close mouth and swallow. Fetus begins to move around
End of Third Month
Weighs about 6 ounces and is 5 inches long. Facial features become clearer. Movement can be felt
End of Fourth Month
Weighs about 1 pound and is just under 10 inches long. Eyelashes and nails appear. Heartbeat can be heard (baby)
End of fifth month
Weighs about 1.5 pounds and is 12.5 inches long. Develops ability to kick, cry and perhaps hiccup. Fetus can hear sounds. Footprint appears
End of sixth month
Weighs about 2 to 2.5 pounds and is about 14.5 inches long. Arms and legs can move freely. Eyes open
End of seventh month
Weighs about 4 pounds and is about 18 inches long. Hair gets longer. Skin becomes smoother
End of eighth month
Weighs 6 to 9 pounds and is 18-21 inches long. Body organs have developed enough to function on their own
end of ninth month
thick, rich lining of tissue that builds up along the walls of the uterus and connects the mother to the baby
a cord that grows out of the placenta
sudden tightening in the muscles of the uterus (birth)
the opening of the uterus
cervix has opened to a width of about 4 inches (birth)
several more very strong contractions of the uterus help push out the placenta.
the passing traits from parents to their children
threadlike structures found within the nucleus of a cell that carry the codes from inherited traits are
the basic unit of heredity
a disease or condition in which the baby's body does notwork normally because of a problem with genes
the sum total of a person's surroundings
a number of steps taken to provide for the health of a pregnant woman and her unborn baby
doctor specializes in the care of a pregnant woman and her developing baby
disorders of the developing and newborn baby
pattern of physical and mental problems that occur in the child of a woman who drinks alcohol during pregnancy
fetal alcohol syndrome
a physical or mental need for a drug or other substance
the disease called German measles
the first year of life
between the ages of one and three, children learn to walk and talk. They also learn how to control the removal of wastes from their bodies
Between the ages of three and five, children's arms, legs, and bodies become longer, and they are able to coordinate their movements better.
from ages six through eleven, children grow at a steadier rate than they did when they were younger.
the time of life between childhood and adulthood
the time when you begin to develop certain traits of adults of your your own gender
19 to 30 years. person tries to develop close personal relationship
31 to 60 years. person tries to achieve something in work and is concerned with the well-being of children and community
person tries to understand meaning of own life. to develop integrity--feeling complete and satisfied with one's life
maturity and Old Age
events that need to happen in order for you to continue growing toward becoming a healthy, mature adult
age measured in years
how well various body parts are working determines
person's lifestyle is how to measure age
a form of mental slowdown called
person's body systems shut down
when oxygen is cut off from all the brain cells
stage 1: refusing to accept that one is dying
stage 2 of accepting death
stage 3: looking for ways to prolong life
feeling deep sadness for loss of life and other losses
accepting the reality of death and making peace with the world
sum total of feelings caused by the death of a loved one
ways of dealing with the sense of loss people feel at the death of someone close
able to handle physical mental, emotional, and social day to day challenges without feeling exhausted
ready to handle whatever comes your way from day to day
nonstop, repetitive, vigorous exercise that increases breathing and heartbeat rates
great bursts of energy in which the muscles work hard to produce energy
most weight you can lift or the most force you can exert at one time
ability of our muscles to exert a force over time without becoming overly tired
your ability to move within the range of motion for each joint
how effectively your heart and lungs work during exercise and how quickly they return to normal after exercise
heart and lung endurance
the proportion of body fat in comparison with lean body tissue
a period of mild exercise that gets your body ready for vigorous exercise
number of times you exercise each week
the amount of energy you use when you exercise
the amount of time you spend exercising during one session
you work to reach your specific fitness goals. It takes a full day for your muscles to recover from exercises that build muscle strength
a period of gentle exercise that gets your body ready to stop exercising
sports that you can do on your own or with a friend
organized physical activities involving skill in which a group of people play together on the same side
exercise activities that can be continued throughout life
eating foods the body needs to grow, develop, and work properly
its the food and drink that we regularly choose to consume
substances in foods that your body needs
the starches and sugars that provide the body with most of its energy
needed to build, repair and maintain body cells and tissues
proteins are made up of
. of the 22 ______ ____ in proteins, your body can make 13. the other nine, called _______ _____ _____ must come from the foods you eat.
1. amino acids
2. amino acids
3. essential amino acids
are substances needed in small quantities that help regulate body functions. _______ fall into two groups-____ _____ ____, and ___ ______ ________.
2. water-soluble vitamins
3. fat-soluble vitamins
elements needed in small quantities for sturdy bones and teeth, healthy blood, and regulation of daily elimination
a source of energy and are essential for vital body functions
fats found in meats and dairy products
found mainly in vegetable oils, such as olive, corn, or canola oil, are ______ that remain liquid
the most common nutrient
sources: carrots, eggs, liver
functions: promotes healthy skin, normal vision
sources: Oranges tomatoes, leafy green vegetables
functions: helps muscles, heart function well
Sources: Fortified milk, oily fish, egg yolks
Functions: Promotes strong bones and teeth
Sources: Cabbage, spinach, and cereals
functions: helps blood clot
Sources: Milk, Cheese, shellfish, and spinach
Functions: needed to build bones and teeth
Sources: fluoridated water, fish
Functions: Promotes strong bones and teeth
Sources: Red meat, nuts, dried fruits
Functions: needed for hemoglobin in red blood cells
Sources: oranges, bananas, dry beans, molasses
functions: helps regulate water balance in tissues
guidelines for the amounts of vitamins, minerals, and protein you should get from the food you eat
Recommended Dietary Allowances
is a guide to daily food choices from five groups of healthful foods
Food Guide Pyramid
Name the food guide pyramid!
1. limited extras
2. meat and beans
3. milk and cheese
4. vegetable group
5. fruit group
6. bread and grains
name the servings for each part in the pyramid! :D
1. fats, oils, and sweets
: eat sparingly
2. meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs, and nuts group
: 2 to 3 servings a day
3. milk, yogurt and cheese group
: 2 to 3 servings a day
4. vegetable group
: 3 to 5 servings a day
5. fruit group
: 2 to 4 servings a day
6. bread, cereal, rice, and pasta group
: 6 to 11 servings a day
the part of fruits, vegetables, grains, and beans that your body cannot digest
a fatty, wax-like substance that helps your body make other substances that it needs.
a chemical found in some plants, that can make your heart beat faster
reaching the weight that is best for you and then staying at that weight.
more than the desired weight for his or her sex, height, and frame size
a more serious condition than being overweight
a unit of heat
foods that contain large amounts of nutrients relative to the number of calories they provide
extreme and damaging eating behavior that can lead to sickness and even death
an eating disorder characterized by self-starvation leading to extreme weight loss
condition in which the body doesn't get the nutrients it needs to grow and function properly
a condition in which people repeatedly eat large amounts of food and then try to get rid of the food they have eaten