Health Science

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Health Science
2013-01-29 00:06:23

Health Science 8th Grade. Final 1st Semester
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  1. health
    What is a combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well-being?
  2. What is an overall state of well-being, or total health?
  3. What is the passing on of traits from your parents as a result of the transmission of genes?
  4. What is the sum total of your surroundings?
  5. What is the way you act in many different situations and events in life?
  6. What is your feelings and beliefs?
  7. What is life-related habits?
    Lifestyle Factors
  8. What is providing health information in such a way that it influences people to change their attitudes and take positive actions regarding their health?
    Health Education
  9. What is the possibility that an action may cause injury or harm to you or others?
    Risk Behavior
  10. What is the planned action taken before an event to increase the chances of a safe outcome?
  11. What is the process of making a choice or finding a solution?
    Decision Making
  12. What are the beliefs and ideas that are to you and your family?
  13. What is something you aim for?
  14. What is the way you feel about yourself?
  15. What is the outermost layer of skin?
  16. What is the thick inner layer of skin?
  17. What is the layer of fat tissue and is below the Dermis?
    Subcutaneous layer
  18. What is the substance that gives the skin its color?
  19. What are the tiny holes in the skin?
  20. What is the whitish, oily substance?
  21. Who is a doctor who treats skin disorders
  22. What are the small pockets on your head called?
  23. What is a common scalp problem, which is a flaking of the outer layer of dead skin cells?
  24. What are parasitic insects that live in the hair?
    head lice
  25. What is a nonliving band of epidermis around the nails called?
  26. What is a substance that makes nails hard?
  27. What is a group of cells, enamel, dentin, pulp, and cementum?
  28. What is a structure made up of the jawbone, the gums, and connectors called ligaments?
  29. What is the part of the tooth visible to the eye?
  30. What is the part of the tooth between the crown and the root?
  31. What is the part of the tooth inside the gum?
  32. What is a sticky film on your teeth that is combined with sugar to form acid?
  33. If plaque is not removed, it hardens and turns to this. What is it called?
  34. If the decay is not stopped, it moves into the roots and pus collects in the bone sockets around the tooth. What is this painful condition known as?
  35. What is the common disorder in which gums become red and swollen and bleed easily?
  36. What is a condition in which the teeth of the upper and lower jaws do not align properly?
  37. The structure that allows light to come together in the inner part of the eye
  38. What is a clear, almost round structure that lets in light?
  39. What is the color of the eye seen from the outside?
  40. What is the watery fluid between the cornea and lens?
    Aqueous Humor
  41. What is the tough outer covering?
  42. What is the cord of nerve fibers that carries electrical messages from the retina to the brain?
    Optic Nerve
  43. What is the network of nerves that absorb light rays after they pass through the lens?
  44. What allows air to pass from the nose to the middle ear so the air pressure is equal on both sides of the eardrum?
    eustachian tube
  45. what is the baglike structure lined with hair cells that are essential to your hearing?
  46. what are responsible for your balance?
    semicircular canals
  47. what is a snail like structure, made up of three ducts filled with fluid and more than 15,000 hair cells
  48. the nerves in the cochlea carry messages to the brain. These nerves form a vast network, which is called
    the auditory nerve
  49. a hard thickened part of the skin on the foot
  50. an overgrowth of the skin on the foot
  51. a fluid-filled pouch on the skin
  52. what is an inflammation in the first joint of the big toe?
  53. a problem cause by fungi growing in the warm, damp areas of the foot
    Athlete's foot
  54. another name for flatness in the bottom of the feet
    fallen arches
  55. the ability to accept yourself and others, adapt to and cope with emotions, and deal with the problems and challenges you meet in life
    Mental and Emotional Health
  56. the beliefs and ideas that are important to you
  57. the unique combination of feelings, thoughts, and behavior that makes you different from everyone else
  58. what is the view you have of the unique person you are
    self concept
  59. the way you feel about yourself, or how you value yourself
  60. feelings, such as happiness, love, sadness, jealousy, anger, and fear
  61. chemical substances, produced by glands, that control many body functions
  62. needs that affect your feelings and sense of well-being
    emotional needs
  63. refusing to participate in sexual activity before marriage
  64. the ways of communicating that help you say no effectively
    Refusal Skills
  65. your physical response to change and a normal part of being alive
  66. stress that interferes with your life and makes you unhappy or sick is called
  67. anything that causes stress is called a
  68. a hormone that prepares your body either to fight or to flee
  69. too much stress can lead to exhaustion or
  70. repeated spurts of adrenaline can cause this, or aches and pains and extreme tiredness of the body
    physical fatigue
  71. feelings of tiredness cause by your mental and emotional state
    psychological fatigue
  72. a mental strategy you use to cope with stress
    defense mechanism
  73. mental disorders characterized by extreme feelings of anxiety or fear
    anxiety disorders
  74. when a person experiences extreme or prolonged emotions or mood changes that he or she cannot control
    mood disorder
  75. a mood disorder in which people lose interest in life and no longer find enjoyment in anything they do
    major depression
  76. a severe mental disorder in which people lose contact with reality
  77. killing oneself on purpose
  78. a reaction other than the ones that are intended on medicine
    side effect
  79. a mental health professional who is licensed to counsel and may have a masters or doctoral degree
  80. medical doctors who treat serious mental health problems
  81. your ability to get alon with the people around you
    social health
  82. the connections you have with other people and groups in your life
  83. the exchange of thoughts, ideas, and beliefs between two or more people
  84. the result of each person's giving up something in order to reach a solution that satisfies everyone
  85. working together for the good of all
  86. accepting and respecting other people's beliefs and customs
  87. using words to express thoughts, ideas, beliefs, and wants
    verbal communication
  88. hearing, thinking about, and responding to the other person's message
    active listening
  89. form of nonverbal communication
    body language
  90. direct visual contact with another person's eyes
    eye contact
  91. communication strategies that help you say no effectively
    refusal skills
  92. the basic unit of society
  93. a family made up of two adults with no children
    couple family
  94. a family made up of a mother, a father, and a child or children
    nuclear family
  95. a family in which only one parent lives with the child. the parent may be unmarried, divorced, or widowed
    single-parent family
  96. a nuclear or single parent family plus other relatives--grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousin--living in the same household
    extended family
  97. a family consisting of a parent, a stepparent, and the children of one or both parents.
    blended family
  98. someone who marries a child's mother or father
  99. able to be counted on
  100. usually aware of how you are feeling
  101. people your age who are similar to you in many ways
  102. influence to go along with these beliefs and to try new activities
    peer pressure
  103. getting along with and communicating with other people
  104. going out with male and female friends at the same time
    group dating
  105. being trustworthy, showing respect for the other person, and thinking ahead about the consequences of your actions
    responsible dating
  106. a strong emotional attachment to another person
  107. a pledge or a promise
  108. meeting a child's physical, emotional, social, and mental needs
  109. duty or an obligation that depends on you
  110. a struggle, disagreement, or a difference of opinion between opposing viewpoints
  111. something usable, such as goods, property, money, or time
  112. an opinion that has been formed without knowledge, usually about a person's race, religion, gender, or country of origin
  113. respect for each other's point of view
  114. a process of having a neutral third person, a mediator, help those in conflict to find a solution
  115. a promise not to take sides
  116. secrecy about anything that is said during mediation
  117. the process of discussing problems to reach an agreement
  118. physical, mental, or emotional injury inflicted on a person
  119. the person who suffers from the abusers negative behavior
  120. unlawful beating hitting, or kicking of another person
  121. is any sexual comment, behavior, or contact that the victim does not want or that creates a hostile environment for the victim
    sexual harassment
  122. the killing of one person by another
  123. group of people who associate with each other
  124. crime against people or property belonging to racial or ethnic groups different from their own
    hate crime
  125. anybody who purchases goods or services
  126. products that are made and purchased to satisfy someone's needs or wants
  127. activities that are purchased to satisfy someones needs or wants
  128. organization makes sure that appliances, toys and other products are safe
    Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)
  129. responsible for the safety and purity of cosmetics, medicines, and all foods except for meat and poultry
    Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
  130. oversees the safety of meat and poultry. It inspects meat-packing plants
    Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)
  131. regulates the advertising of products and services in newspapers and magazines and on radio and televistion
    Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
  132. a method of judging the benefits of different goods or services
    Comparison Shopping
  133. stores that offer few services but have lower prices
    Discount stores
  134. slips of paper that offer savings on certain brands of goods
  135. goods sold in plain packages and at lower prices that brand name goods
    generic products
  136. the usual pattern of thought, behavior, or action
  137. a format for sending out messages  or advertisements meant to interest consumers in buying goods and services
  138. give good information about a product, but they sometimes pressure buyers
  139. all the medical care available to a nation's people, the way they receive the care, and the way the care is paid for
    health care system
  140. the doctors and other health professionals who provide medical checkups and general care
    primary care providers
  141. doctors trained to handle particular kinds of patients or health matters
  142. place where you can receive health care
    health care facility
  143. a plan in which private companies or government programs pay for part of the medical costs, and the patient pays for the rest
    health insurance
  144. doctors approved by the health care plans
    preferred providers
  145. health insurance to people 65 years old or older
  146. health insurance to people who are poor
  147. many different types of doctors who give health care to members
    health maintenance organization (HMO)
  148. sale of worthless products and treatments claimed to prevent diseases or to cure other health problems
  149. this means that the person improves because of a strong belief that the "medicine" is helping and not because of anything that the quack provides
    placebo effect
  150. are people or groups who devote themselves to helping consumers with problems
    consumer advocate
  151. help consumers with problems
    business groups
  152. are state courts that handle cases with problems involving small amounts, usually $2,500 or less, but in some states up to $5,000
    small-claims courts
  153. statement from another doctor giving his or her view of what should be done
    second opinion
  154. a document that gives a person the right to provide health care but holds that person to certain standards
  155. deals with the protection and improvement of community health
    public health
  156. law passed by a city or town
  157. prohibits the distribution of unsafe foods, drugs, medical devices, and cosmetics. Forbids false or misleading labeling on such products
    Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (1938)
  158. prohibits discharge of pollutants into rivers and streams
    clean water act
  159. regulates storage, transport, treatment, and disposal of hazardous wastes. Describes cleanup of contaminated sites
    Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
  160. Requires warning labels on art materials that contain hazardous substances
    Labeling of Hazardous materials Act
  161. Requires industeries to reduce the amount of toxic substances they release into the air. Sets standards for release of pollutants by vehicles
    Clean Air Act
  162. Sets federal minimum standards for helth care insurances
    Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
  163. the disposal of sewage and wastes in ways that protect health
  164. the basic units, or building blocks, of life
  165. cells that do similar jobs
  166. the joining together of two special cells one from each parent
  167. cell from the mother that plays a part in fertilization is called
    egg cell
  168. cell from the father that enters the egg cell
    sperm cell
  169. body parts
  170. groups of organs that work together
  171. pearshaped organ inside the mother's body
  172. the fertilized cell begins to divide
  173. after two months, the developing baby is called
  174. about 1/3 inch long. Heart, brain and lungs are forming. Heart begins to beat. (baby)
    End of first month
  175. about 1 inch long. Skin and other organs are developing. Arms, fingers, legs, and toes are forming
    End of Second Month
  176. Weighs about 1 ounce and is about 3 inches long. Can open and close mouth and swallow. Fetus begins to move around
    End of Third Month
  177. Weighs about 6 ounces and is 5 inches long. Facial features become clearer. Movement can be felt
    End of Fourth Month
  178. Weighs about 1 pound and is just under 10 inches long. Eyelashes and nails appear. Heartbeat can be heard (baby)
    End of fifth month
  179. Weighs about 1.5 pounds and is 12.5 inches long. Develops ability to kick, cry and perhaps hiccup. Fetus can hear sounds. Footprint appears
    End of sixth month
  180. Weighs about 2 to 2.5 pounds and is about 14.5 inches long. Arms and legs can move freely. Eyes open
    End of seventh month
  181. Weighs about 4 pounds and is about 18 inches long. Hair gets longer. Skin becomes smoother
    End of eighth month
  182. Weighs 6 to 9 pounds and is 18-21 inches long. Body organs have developed enough to function on their own
    end of ninth month
  183. thick, rich lining of tissue that builds up along the walls of the uterus and connects the mother to the baby
  184. a cord that grows out of the placenta
    umbilical cord
  185. sudden tightening in the muscles of the uterus  (birth)
    stage one
  186. the opening of the uterus
  187. cervix has opened to a width of about 4 inches (birth)
    stage two
  188. several more very strong contractions of the uterus help push out the placenta.
    stage three
  189. the passing traits from parents to their children
  190. threadlike structures found within the nucleus of a cell that carry the codes from inherited traits are
  191. the basic unit of heredity
  192. a disease or condition in which the baby's body does notwork normally because of a problem with genes
    genetic disorder
  193. the sum total of a person's surroundings
  194. a number of steps taken to provide for the health of a pregnant woman and her unborn baby
    prenatal care
  195. doctor specializes in the care of a pregnant woman and her developing baby
  196. disorders of the developing and newborn baby
    birth defects
  197. pattern of physical and mental problems that occur in the child of a woman who drinks alcohol during pregnancy
    fetal alcohol syndrome
  198. a physical or mental need for a drug or other substance
  199. the disease called German measles
  200. the first year of life
  201. between the ages of one and three, children learn to walk and talk. They also learn how to control the removal of wastes from their bodies
    early childhood
  202. Between the ages of three and five, children's arms, legs, and bodies become longer, and they are able to coordinate their movements better.
    middle childhood
  203. from ages six through eleven, children grow at a steadier rate than they did when they were younger.
    late childhood
  204. the time of life between childhood and adulthood
  205. the time when you begin to develop certain traits of adults of your your own gender
  206. 19 to 30 years. person tries to develop close personal relationship
    young adulthood
  207. 31 to 60 years. person tries to achieve something in work and is concerned with the well-being of children and community
    middle adulthood
  208. person tries to understand meaning of own life. to develop integrity--feeling complete and satisfied with one's life
    maturity and Old Age
  209. events that need to happen in order for you to continue growing toward becoming a healthy, mature adult
    developmental tasks
  210. age measured in years
    chronological age
  211. how well various body parts are working determines
    biological age
  212. person's lifestyle is how to measure age
    social age
  213. a form of mental slowdown called
    alzheimer's disease
  214. person's body systems shut down
    clinical death
  215. when oxygen is cut off from all the brain cells
    brain death
  216. stage 1: refusing to accept that one is dying
  217. stage 2 of accepting death
    stage 2
  218. stage 3: looking for ways to prolong life
  219. feeling deep sadness for loss of life and other losses
  220. accepting the reality of death and making peace with the world
  221. sum total of feelings caused by the death of a loved one
  222. ways of dealing with the sense of loss people feel at the death of someone close
    coping strategies
  223. able to handle physical mental, emotional, and social day to day challenges without feeling exhausted
    totally fit
  224. ready to handle whatever comes your way from day to day
    physically fit
  225. nonstop, repetitive, vigorous exercise that increases breathing and heartbeat rates
    aerobic exercise
  226. great bursts of energy in which the muscles work hard to produce energy
    anaerobic exercise
  227. most weight you can lift or the most force you can exert at one time
    muscle strength
  228. ability of our muscles to exert a force over time without becoming overly tired
    muscle endurance
  229. your ability to move within the range of motion for each joint
  230. how effectively your heart and lungs work during exercise and how quickly they return to normal after exercise
    heart and lung endurance
  231. the proportion of body fat in comparison with lean body tissue
    body composition
  232. a period of mild exercise that gets your body ready for vigorous exercise
    warm up
  233. number of times you exercise each week
  234. the amount of energy you use when you exercise
  235. the amount of time you spend exercising during one session
  236. you work to reach your specific fitness goals. It takes a full day for your muscles to recover from exercises that build muscle strength
    work out
  237. a period of gentle exercise that gets your body ready to stop exercising
  238. sports that you can do on your own or with a friend
    individual sports
  239. organized physical activities involving skill in which a group of people play together on the same side
    team sports
  240. exercise activities that can be continued throughout life
    lifetime sports
  241. eating foods the body needs to grow, develop, and work properly
  242. its the food and drink that we regularly choose to consume
  243. substances in foods that your body needs
  244. the starches and sugars that provide the body with most of its energy
  245. needed to build, repair and maintain body cells and tissues
  246. proteins are made up of         . of the 22 ______ ____ in proteins, your body can make 13. the other nine, called _______ _____ _____ must come from the foods you eat.
    • 1. amino acids
    • 2. amino acids
    • 3. essential amino acids
  247. are substances needed in small quantities that help regulate body functions. _______ fall into two groups-____ _____ ____, and ___ ______ ________.
    • 1. vitamins
    • 2. water-soluble vitamins
    • 3. fat-soluble vitamins
  248. elements needed in small quantities for sturdy bones and teeth, healthy blood, and regulation of daily elimination
  249. a source of energy and are essential for vital body functions
  250. fats found in meats and dairy products
    saturated fats
  251. found mainly in vegetable oils, such as olive, corn, or canola oil, are ______ that remain liquid
    unsaturated fats
  252. the most common nutrient
  253. sources: carrots, eggs, liver
    functions: promotes healthy skin, normal vision
    vitamin A
  254. sources: Oranges tomatoes, leafy green vegetables
    functions: helps muscles, heart function well
    vitamin C
  255. Sources: Fortified milk, oily fish, egg yolks
    Functions: Promotes strong bones and teeth
    Vitamin D
  256. Sources: Cabbage, spinach, and cereals
    functions: helps blood clot
    vitamin K
  257. Sources: Milk, Cheese, shellfish, and spinach
    Functions: needed to build bones and teeth
  258. Sources: fluoridated water, fish
    Functions: Promotes strong bones and teeth
  259. Sources: Red meat, nuts, dried fruits
    Functions: needed for hemoglobin in red blood cells
  260. Sources: oranges, bananas, dry beans, molasses
    functions: helps regulate water balance in tissues
  261. guidelines for the amounts of vitamins, minerals, and protein you should get from the food you eat
    Recommended Dietary Allowances
  262. is a guide to daily food choices from five groups of healthful foods
    Food Guide Pyramid
  263. Name the food guide pyramid!
    • 1. limited extras
    • 2. meat and beans
    • 3. milk and cheese
    • 4. vegetable group
    • 5. fruit group
    • 6. bread and grains
  264. name the servings for each part in the pyramid! :D
    • 1. fats, oils, and sweets: eat sparingly
    • 2. meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs, and nuts group: 2 to 3 servings a day
    • 3. milk, yogurt and cheese group: 2 to 3 servings a day
    • 4. vegetable group: 3 to 5 servings a day
    • 5. fruit group: 2 to 4 servings a day
    • 6. bread, cereal, rice, and pasta group: 6 to 11 servings a day
  265. the part of fruits, vegetables, grains, and beans that your body cannot digest
  266. a fatty, wax-like substance that helps your body make other substances that it needs.
  267. a chemical found in some plants, that can make your heart beat faster
  268. reaching the weight that is best for you and then staying at that weight. 
    weight control
  269. more than the desired weight for his or her sex, height, and frame size
  270. a more serious condition than being overweight
  271. a unit of heat
  272. foods that contain large amounts of nutrients relative to the number of calories they provide
    nutrient density
  273. extreme and damaging eating behavior that can lead to sickness and even death
    eating disorders
  274. an eating disorder characterized by self-starvation leading to extreme weight loss
    Anorexia nervosa
  275. condition in which the body doesn't get the nutrients it needs to grow and function properly
  276. a condition in which people repeatedly eat large amounts of food and then try to get rid of the food they have eaten