Micro Chapter 1 Vocabulary
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An organism that obtains its energy from the oxidation of inorganic compounds.
A particular strain or kind of organism growing in a laboratory medium.
A semipermeable barrier that separates the cell interior (cytoplasm) from the environment,
The modification of a cell in terms of structure and/or function occurring during the course of development.
Enrichment Culture Technique
Use of selective culture media and incubation condition to isolate specific microorganisms from natural samples.
A catalyst, usually composed of protein, that promotes specific reactions or groups of reactions.
Descent with modifications; DNA sequence variation and the inheritance of that variation.
The total complement of genetic information of a cell or a lyzing genomes.
In microbiology, an increase in cell number.
A differentiated cyanobacterial cell that carries out nitrogen fixation.
A set of criteria for proving that a given microorganism causes a given disease.
All biochemical reactions in a cell, both anabolic and bolic intermediates of a cell or organism.
A microscopic organism consisting of a single cell or cell cluster, also including the viruses, which are not cellular.
The property of movement of a cell under its own power.
A tumorlike structure produced by the roots of symbiotic nitrogen-fixing plants. Contains the nitrogen-fixing microbial component of the symbiosis.
A disease-causing microorganism.
A culture containing a single kind of microorganism.
The hypothesis that living organisms can originate from nonliving matter.
Free of all living organisms and viruses.
A taxonomic group of related species.
- Defined in microbiology as a collection of strains that all share the
- same major properties and differ in one or more significant properties
- from other collections of strains; defined phylogenetically as
- monophyletic, exclusive groups based on DNA sequence.
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