Medical s/s

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Author:
jelliott
ID:
195946
Filename:
Medical s/s
Updated:
2013-02-17 22:56:50
Tags:
AEMT
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Description:
Medical Signs and Symptoms
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  1. Respiratory
    -Wheezing on inspiration/expiration
    -Bronchospasm
    Asthma
  2. Respiratory
    -Flushed skin or hives
    -Generalized edema
    -Decreased BP
    -Laryngeal edema with dyspnea
    Anaphylaxis
  3. Respiratory
    -Chronic cough
    -Productive cough
    -Cyanosis
    -Wheezing
    Bronchitis
  4. Cardiac
    -Dependent edema
    -Rales (crackles)
    -Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
    Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
  5. Respiratory
    -Fever
    -Barking cough
    -Mostly seen in pediatric pt.
    Croup
  6. Respiratory
    -Barrel Chest
    -Pursed-lip breathing
    -Dyspnea on exertion
    Emphysema
  7. Respiratory
    -Dyspnea
    -Chills, fever
    -Cough
    -Dark sputum
    Pneumonia
  8. Respiratory
    -Sudden chest pain with dyspnea
    -Decreased B/S on affected side
    Pneumothroax
  9. Respiratory
    -Sharp, pinpoint pain
    -Dyspnea
    -Sudden onset
    -After childbirth or surgery
    Pulmonary Embolus
  10. Respiratory
    -Progressive SOB
    -Increasingly altered LOC
    -JVD
    -Tracheal deviation
    Tension Pneumothorax
  11. Respiratory
    -Coughing spells
    -"Whooping" sound
    -Fever
    -Mostly seen in pediatric pt.
    • Pertussis
    • Whooping cough
  12. Cardiac
    -Weakness
    -N/V
    -Chest pain or pressure that does not change with each breath
    -Pain or pressure in the lower jaw, arm (left), back, abdomen, or neck
    -Syncope
    -Irregular heartbeat
    -SOB or dyspnea
    -Pink, frothy sputum
    -Sudden death
    Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI)
  13. Neuro
    -Headache caused by muscle contractions
    -Stiff or sore jaw, neck, or shoulders
    -Squeezing, dull, aching pain in neck and/or shoulders
    Tension Headache
  14. Neuro
    -N/V
    -Photophobia
    -Throbbing, pounding, or pulsating pain in head
    -Unilateral, focused pain that spreads over time
    -Pt. experiences an aura
    -Caused by changes in blood vessel size within the base of the brain
    Migraine Headache
  15. Neuro
    -Minor pain around one eye that quickly intensifies and spreads to one side of the face.
    -Feeling of anxiety
    -A rare vascular headache that may recur for days and then stop entirely
    Cluster Headache
  16. Neuro
    -Pain in the superior portion of the face
    -Pain increases when pt. bends over
    -Caused by inflammation or infection within the sinus cavities
    Sinus Headache
  17. Neuro
    -Cushings Reflex
    ---HTN
    ---Bradycardia
    ---Irregular Resperations
    -Ipsalateral pupillary dilation
    -AMS
    Herniation Syndrome
  18. Neuro
    -Contralateral loss of movement
    -AMS
    -Aphasia
    Ischemic CVA
  19. Neuro
    -Sudden onset of severe headache
    -AMS
    Hemorrhagic CVA
  20. Neuro
    -Aphasia
    -Right sided paralysis
    Left hemispheric CVA
  21. Neuro
    -Left sided paralysis
    -Dysarthria
    -Neglect (Pt. doesn't realize they have a problem)
    Right hemispheric CVA
  22. Toxin
    -Restlessness
    -Agitation
    -Incessant talking
    -Insomnia
    -Anorexia
    -Dilated pupils
    -Tachycardia
    -Tachypnea
    -HTN or hypotension
    -Paranoia
    -Seizures
    -Cardiac arrest
    • Stimulant
    • Ex: Amphetamine, Methamphetamine, Cocaine, Diet aids, Nasal decongestants
  23. Toxin
    -Pinpoint Pupils
    -Respiratory depression
    -Drowsiness
    -Stupor
    -Coma
    • Narcotic (Opiate or Opioid)
    • Ex: Heroin, Morphine, Hydromorphine [Dilaudid], Fentanyl, Oxycodone
  24. Toxin
    -HTN
    -Tachycardia
    -Dilated pupils
    -Agitation
    -Seizures
    -Hyperthermia
    • Sympathomimetic
    • Ex: Epinephrine, Albuterol, Cocaine, Methamphetamine
  25. Toxin
    -Drowsiness
    -Ataxia
    -Slurred speech
    -Mental confusion
    -Respiratory depression
    -Progressive CNS depression
    -Hypotension
    • Sedative-Hypnotics
    • Ex: Diazepam [Valium], Secobarbital [Seconal], Flunitrazepam [Rohypnol]
  26. Toxin
    -Increased salivation
    -Lacrimation
    -Excess defecation or urination
    -N/V
    -Airway compromise
    -Seizures
    -Coma
    • Cholinergic
    • Ex: Diazinon, Orthene, Parathion, Nerve Gas
  27. Toxin
    -Tachycardia
    -Hyperthermia
    -Dry skin and mucous membranes
    -Dilated pupils
    -Blurred vision
    -Sedation
    -Agitation
    -Seizures
    -Coma
    -Delirium
    • Anticholinergic
    • Ex: Atropine, Scopolamine, Antihistamines, Antipsychotics, Jimson Weed

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