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went to the Philippines 16th century
What did Juan de Salcedo find?
Who went to Spain to check out the archives?
William Henry Scott
What prevents us from see in things clearly?
biases, because WHS found cluse to negate the bias
difference between polo and quinto?
forced and military labor
What were some of the implementations of the Spanish? Name 5.
- 1. reduccion
- 2. encomiendero
- 3. evangelization
- 4. polo
- 5. quinto
- city municipal: hall/ tribunal post office
- houses of rich people
- Chinese Mestizo
- entrepreneurs, land owners, local politicians
local elite, abogado de campilla, knight of Spanish empire
Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo
Chrisistan Virgin Expose to populace
Where did he study in Madrid, Spain?
Unibersidad Central de Madrid
Apprentice for 5 mons., in Paris France
Louis de Wecker
special training under special oculist, Paris France
Dr. Otto Becker
stayed in whose house while in Hiedelburg, Germany
travelled and was a food critic, criticized SEA
travel and food critic
bestfriend of Rizal, expert in SEA, was a penpal
Where was Noli finished?
Who published the novel for Rizal?
What happened at the Brindis?
made a speech and became infamous for it
First foreign place he went to
Marsilles--> Barcelona(P300)--> ______
______ruled in favor of Dominicans> farmers dirven out > Rizal's family forcefully evicted from their house
king of spain: Spanish Empire
council of indies: Spanish colonies
governor general:province of spain
encomendero--> alcalde mayor
- municipality: encomienda--> alcaldia mayor
cabeza de barangay:
friars guilty of
"If there is enough supply of competent secular clergy, preference should be given to them when it comes to parish administration and in the establishment of missions."
Royal Decree of 1753
Course in UST
Medicine/ Philosophy and Letters
Ang hindi magmahal sa kaniyang salita mahigpit sa hayop at malansang isda,
kaya ang marapat pagyamaning kusa
na tulad sa inang tunay na nagpala
Sa Aking Mga Kabata (7)
Antonio Vivencio del Rosario
- lover of Jose Alberto's wife,
- threw Lolay in Intramuros for 2 years
dairy entry about untrust and doubt in men, occurred when?
imprisonment of Lolay
"Raise, Youth, that brow profound
This day and proudly stand
Resplendent and Unbound
Fair hope of my Motherland."
A La Juventud Filipina: To the Filipino Youth
Council of Gods
subversive text, won award in comedy satire
Why did Rizal take medicine?
- 1. moral ambiguity
- 2. mother's eyesight was bad
What events occurred before he left for Spain?
-social injustice by guardia sibyl, not noticed by gg
Where else did he study in Madrid?
Real Academia de Bellas Artes de Fernando, took up Philosophy and Letters
registrar who criticized Rizal for being short
Magin Fernando SJ
personal friend who interceded
Manuel Xerez Burgos
teacher of Rizal who taught poetry, rhetoric and public speeches, math, foreign language
Francisco De Paula Sanchez SJ
Jose Mercado Rizal
played what game for the landlady?
redemption, no seeking of revenge
What did La Solidaridad want?
- 1. recognition of the Philippines as a province of Spain
- 2. representation in the Spanish cortes
- 3. equal treatment before spanish law
- 4. end of frailocracy
- 5. assimilation and secession
- 6. assimilation- to integrate, Philippines as a province: done in a peaceful manner
“Winds of brotherhood carried us to his writing from time to time, as hurricanes carry leaves. We read them with admiration, assimilating those concepts, weighing those thoughts easily, enthusiastically, because within us there was an echo which, though timid, answered his voice.”
have unmasked the hypocrisy which, beneath the cloak of religion has impoverished and brutalized us. I have pulled back the curtain to expose what was behind the deceptive high sounding words of our rulers. I have exposed our defects , our vices, our guilty and cowardly complacency with miseries experienced. Whenever I saw virtue I have rendered homage, and if I have not cried when I spoke of our misfortunes, I have laughed because no one want to cry with me over the misery of our country, and laughter is always the best means of concealing sorrow or pain
J R to Hidalgo
Noli, touch me not?
You were the cause of this sickness and I shall tell you why. At that time there was a great deal of talk and comment about the speech you gave at the banquet for the Filipino painters; some said you could never return, others said that it would be better if you stay there; still others said that you made enemies; and there were those who said that you also lost friends; but in brief all agreed that it would not be good for you to come back. These gratuitous suppositions caused our mother great sorrow and made her ill ...“
“The constant ideal...the acquisition of independence for his country. Of that they accuse him-yet, is it not the birthright of every person who loves, of every patriot who seeks the happiness of his country, to see it safe and free from the oppression and the yoke of other nations ?”
Luis Taviel de Andrade
“...Rizal could not have possibly been involved in the Katipunan.”