NCLEX- Substance Abuse

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NCLEX- Substance Abuse
2013-01-28 15:50:45

NCLEX drug quesitons
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  1. Chlordizepoxide (Librium)
    Long acting Benzo used for alcohol detox.
  2. Diazepam (valium)
    Short acting benzo used for alcohol detoxification.
  3. Lorazepam (Ativan)
    Short acting benzo used for alcohol detoxification.
  4. Carbamazepine (tegretal)
    adjunct med to help decrease seizures w/ alcohol detoxification.
  5. Clonidine (Catapress)
    alpha 2 adrenergic agonist used to depress the autonomic responses of alcohol detox ( low bp, heart rate, diaphoresis)
  6. Propanolol (inderal)
    used to decrease cravings involved from alcohol detoxification. also used to decrease autonomic effects from alcohol detox
  7. Disulfiram (Antabuse)
    used for abstinence maintenance following alcohol detoxification.
  8. Naltrexone (ReVia)
    Used for abstinence maintenance after alcohol detoxification. It's a pure opioid antagonist that suppresses the craving and pleasurable effects of alcohol
  9. How should a pt take Naltrexone (ReVia)
    Take w/ Meals to decrease gastrointestinal distress.
  10. Acamprosate (Campral)
    Used for abstinence maintenance from alcohol detoxification. decreases unpleasant effects from withdrawal (anxiety, restlessness)
  11. What is a side effect of Acamprosate (Campral)
  12. Methadone (Dolophine) substitution
    Medication from withdrawal from opioids. used for long term-maintenance.
  13. Clonidine (catapress)
    Assists from withdrawal symptoms of opioids. Does not reduce the cravings for opioids.
  14. What is a side effect of Clonidine (catapress)?
    Dry mouth. Advise clients to chew gum to help w/ this.
  15. what is important to tell a client who is taking Clonidine (catapress)
    Pts need to avoid activities that require mental alertness until drowsiness subsides.
  16. Buprenorphine (subutex) or combined w/ narcan
    dtox maintenance from opiods. decrease craving. Must be adminstered sublinually.
  17. Bupropion (Zyban)
    Decreases Nocotine craving and symptoms of withdrawal.
  18. Nicorette (gum)
    avoid eating or drinking 15 min prior to and while chewing the gum.