Oral hypoglycemics

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Anonymous
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196116
Filename:
Oral hypoglycemics
Updated:
2013-01-28 19:31:01
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Put it in your mouth!
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  1. Glucophage (metformin)
    Biguanide~ decreases glucose production in the liver and absorptioin of glucose in the intestines. Increases sensitivity to insulin.

    *withhold for studies require IV iodininated contrast media before and 48 hours post study.

    *D/C in patients NPO for surgery--may resume when oral intake and renal function are normal
  2. Actos (pioglitazone)
    Thiazolidinediones~Improves cell sensitivity, acts as an agnoist at receptor sites. Requires insulin for activity.
  3. Starlix (nateglinide)
    Meglitinide
  4. Prandin (repaglinide)
    Meglitinide
  5. Meglitinides
    Stimulates release of insulin from pancreas (requires functioning pancreatic beta cells)
  6. Glucotrol (glipizide)
    Sulfonylurea
  7. Glyburide(micronase, diabeta)
    Sulfonylureas
  8. Amaryl (Glimepiride)
    Sulfonylureas
  9. Glucovance (combo of glyburide and glucophage)
    Sulfonylureas
  10. Sulfonylureas
    Stimulates pancreas to release more insulin, increases sensitivity of insulin at receptor sites, decreases hepatic glucose production
  11. Percose (Acarbose)
    Alpha-glucosidase (enzyme) inhibitors
  12. Glyset (miglitol)
    Alpha-Glucosidase (enzyme) inhibitors
  13. Alpha-Glucosidase (enzyme) inhibitors
    Delays glucose absorption in GI tract by inhibiting the enzyme
  14. Januvia (sitagliptin)
    Enzyme inhibitor~ affects hormones released by the intestines that are involved in glucose homeostasis

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