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4 Goals of Psych Research
- 1. Describe behavior
- 2. Predict behavior
- 3. Explain behavior
- 4. Control or Change behavior
5 Steps in a Scientific Method
- 1. Define and describe a question
- 2. Hypothesis
- 3. Research Strategy
- 4. Run study and Collect data
- 5. Analyze Data
What are the 2 types of hypothesis?
Predictive and Causal
What is the goal of a predictive hypothesis?
Describe or predict relationship
What is the goal of a causal hypothesis?
Make educated guesses about how one variable will influence another variable
4 Types of Research Methods
- 1. Naturalistic Observation
- 2. Case Study
- 3. Correlational Study
- 4. Experiment
Observing behavior in the environment in which the behavior typically occurs
An in-depth observation of one person
the relationship between two or more variables
A research method that is used to test causal hypothesis
The variable that is being changed or manipulated.
The variable that is the effect of the manipulation
Any factor that may affect the outcome that is not the Independent Variable
Who enforces the rules for psych research?
Institutional Review Board (IRB)
When all people have an equal chance of being selected to participate in a study
The entire universe of animals or people that could be studied
Population of Interest
The portion of the population of interest that is selected for a study
Participants have an equal chance of being placed in any condition of the study
A research study that is not a true experiment because participants are not randomly assigned to the conditions of the study
Research participants agree to participate after being told about aspects of the study
Researchers do not reveal which data were collected from which participant
After an experiment, participants are fully informed of the nature of the study
What would you like to do?
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