Psychology 110

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  1. Mental system for receiving, encoding, storing organizing, altering, and retrieving information
  2. Converting info into a form in which it will be retained in memory
  3. Holding information in memory for later use
  4. Recovering information from storage in memory
  5. The first stage of memory, which holds an exact record of incoming info for a few seconds or less
    Sensory Memory
  6. 2 types of sensory memory
    Iconic and Echoic
  7. Iconic Memory
    Memory of an image
  8. Echoic Memory
    Memory of a sound
  9. The memory system used to hold small about of info for relatively brief time periods
    Short Term Memory
  10. Another name for short term memory especially when it is used for thinking and problem solving
    Working Memory
  11. Memory that is sensitive to interference
    Short term memory
  12. 2 types of interference
    Retroactive and Proactive
  13. Tendency for new memories to interfere with retrieval of old memories [New Blocks Old]
    Retroactive Interference
  14. Tendency for old memories to interfere with retrieval of newer memories. [Old Blocks New]
    Proactive Interference
  15. When mastery of one task helps you learn or perform well at another tas
    Positive Transfer
  16. When mastery of one task makes it more difficult to learn or perform another
    Negative Transfer
  17. Short term memories are stored how?
  18. About how many seconds does information last in short term memory?
  19. Bigger chunks yield more information that you can remember
  20. Silently repeating or mentally reviewing info to hold it in short term memory
    Maintenance Rehearsal
  21. Rehearsal that links new info with existing memories and knowledge
    Elaborative Rehearsal
  22. The memory system used for relatively permanent storage of meaningful info
    Long Term Memory
  23. Types of Long Term Memory
    • 1. Procedural Memory
    • 2. Declarative Memory
    • 3. Semantic and Episodic Memory
  24. Long-term memories of conditioned responses and learned skills [automatic]
    Procedural Memory 
  25. That part of long-term memory containing specific factual information
    Declarative Memory
  26. Subpart of declarative memory; Mental dictionary of basic knowledge
    Semantic Memory
  27. Subpart of declarative memory; Memories and experiences linked to times and places
    Episodic Memory
  28. Memory lost in amnesia
    Episodic Memory
  29. The feeling that a memory is available but not quite retrievable
    Tip-of-the-tongue state
  30. Any task designed to test or asses memory
    Memory Task
  31. To supply or reproduce memorized information with a minimum of external cues
  32. The tendency to make the most errors in remembering the middle items of an ordered lsit
    Serial Position Effect
  33. An ability to correctly identify previously learned information
    Recognition Memory
  34. Learning again something that was previously learned
  35. A memory that a person is aware of having; a memory that is consciously retrieved
    Explicit Memory
  36. A memory that a person does not know exists; a memory that is retrieved unconsciously
    Implicit memory
  37. Facilitating the retrieval of an implicit memory by using cues to activate hidden memories
  38. Mental images or visual depictions used in memory and thinking
    Internal Images
  39. The ability to retain a "projected" mental image long enough to use it as a source of information
    Eidetic Imagery
  40. A graph that shows the amount of memorized information remembered after varying lengths of time
    Curve of Forgetting
  41. Failure to store sufficient info to form a useful memory
    Encoding Failure
  42. Physical changes in nerve cells or brain activity that take place when memories are stoed
    Memory Traces
  43. The fading or weakening of memories assumed to occur when memory traces become weaker
    Memory decay
  44. Theory that memory traces weaken when memories are not periodically used or retrieved
  45. Any stimulus associated with a particular memory. Usually enhance retrieval
    Memory Cue
  46. Memory influenced by one's bodily state at the time of learning and at the time of retrieval. 
    State-dependent learning
  47. Unconscioulsy pushing unwanted memories out of awareness
  48. A conscious effort to put something out of mind or to keep it from awareness
  49. Memories created at times of high emotion that seem especially vivid
    Flashbulb Memories
  50. Process by which relatively permanent memories are formed in the brain
  51. An electric current passed directly through the brain producing a convulsion
    Electroconvulsive Shock
  52. A brain structure associated with emotion and the transfer of info from short term memory to long term memory
  53. A "memory trace" in the brain
  54. A practice schedule that alternates study periods with brief rests
    Spaced Practice
  55. A practice schedule in which studying continues for long periods, without interruption
    Massed practice
  56. Any kind of memory system or aid
  57. As an aid to memory, using a familiar word or image to link two items
    Keyword method
Card Set:
Psychology 110
2013-01-29 04:04:59

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