The nurse is working with a patient who lacks the ability to problem solve and seeks ways to self-satisfy without regard for others. The nurse understands that which system of the patient’s personality is most pronounced?
C. Conscience (superego)
D. Ego ideal (superego)
Freud’s distinct yet interactive systems of the personality include the id, the ego, and the superego.
The id cannot tolerate frustration and seeks to discharge tension and return to a more comfortable level of energy, lacks the ability to problem solve, is not logical, and operates according to the pleasure principle.
The ego is able to differentiate subjective experiences, memory images, and objective reality; it is logical and operates based in reality.
The superego, comprising the conscience and the ego ideal, is the moral component of the personality; it seeks perfection rather than pleasure or reason.
This patient is seeking self-satisfaction without regard for others and cannot problem solve, which is reflective of the id.
(this multiple choice question has been scrambled)