Edexcel P2 Unit3.txt

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Author:
HLHSscience
ID:
196276
Filename:
Edexcel P2 Unit3.txt
Updated:
2013-02-02 04:17:48
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Edexcel P2 Unit3
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Description:
P2 Unit 3 Motion and forces
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  1. When two objects interact, what can you say about the forces they exert?
    They are equal and opposite
  2. What is a vector quantity?
    Something that has a size and a direction
  3. Name two ways to increase a vehicles top speed
    • Reduce air resistance (by making it aerodynamic)
    • Increase its power (to increase the thrust driving it forward)
  4. At which stage of this graph is the object travelling at it's terminal velocity?
    • c) or e)
    • c is the terminal velocity before opening the parachute, e) is after opening it
  5. When an object is travelling at its terminal velocity, what do you know about the forces acting on it?
    They are balanced (equal and opposite)
  6. What is a resultant force?
    A single force that represents the result of adding together several other forces
  7. What is the resultant force in this case?
    • The length and direction of the force arrow is important
  8. If the resultant force acting on a stationary object is zero, what will happen to the object?
    It will stay stationary
  9. If the resultant force acting on a stationary object is not zero, what will happen to the object?
    It will accelerate in the direction of the resultant force
  10. If the resultant force acting on a moving object is zero, what will happen to the object?
    It will continue to move at the same speed and in the same direction
  11. If the resultant force acting on a moving object is not zero, what will happen to the object?
    The object will accelerate in the direction of the resultant force
  12. What two factors affect the acceleration of an object?
    • Force
    • Mass

  13. What does the gradient of a distance-time graph represent?
    Speed. The steeper the line the greater the speed
  14. What is the speed of the object shown in the first section of this distance-time graph?
    • 5 m/s
    • (It travels 10 meters in 2 seconds)
  15. What is the difference between speed and velocity?
    • Speed just has a size
    • Velocity has a size and a direction (a vector)
  16. What does acceleration mean?
    How quickly the velocity of an object changes
  17. What does the gradient of a velocity-time graph represent?
    • acceleration
  18. How can you calculate distance travelled from a velocity-time graph?
    • Calculate the area under the graph
  19. When a vehicle is travelling along a road, which forces resist its movement and which is the biggest?
    • Air resistance (biggest)
    • Friction
  20. When a body moves through a fluid (liquid or gas), how does speed affect the frictional force on it?
    The frictional force (eg air resistance) increases as the speed increases
  21. Why does a parachute reduce a skydiver's terminal velocity?
    • When the parachute is open, the air resistance is greater.
    • This air resistance will match the weight of the parachutist at a slower speed than if the parachute were not used.
    • (At terminal velocity, ¬†air resistance = weight)
  22. What is the relationship between weight, mass and the gravitational field strength (g)?
  23. What is the name and symbol for the units of force ?
    Newtons (N)
  24. What is the name and symbol for the unit of mass ?
    • Kilogram (kg)
    • NOT grammes (g)

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