Motivation of Liberal Reforms
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Intro - Historian Smith argues that
largely due to the shocking results of Rowntree reports
Intro - Attitudes to poverty.... (3 points)
Liberals understood poor could not deal with circumstances beyond their control.
Thus, liberal reforms
Party advantage - Historians believe...
not passed due to genuine concern but political advantage
Many working class men could vote from when...?
Why is this important?
Liberals need to attract these votes
What was the significance of the Labour Party
in 1906 the Labour party were competing for the same votes
Liberals had been out of power since....
desperate to be elected
Concerns over poverty - investigations....
....revealed true levels of poverty
35% of London lived in extreme poverty
30% of York lived in extreme poverty
What was the significance of Booths and Rowntree's investigations?
Proved poverty was a huge problem
Govenment help needed
Boer War was...?
25% of volunteer recruits rejected - physically unfit
Why were politicians concerned over national security?
Worried if Britain could survive another war
Protect her Empire
National Security - Explain the Reports
1904 Reports suggested Provision of School Meals and Medical Examinations
First Reforms = Direct Influence
National effiency Britain was... (2 points)
no longer leading industrial power
competing with Germany
What seemed a direct influence that Liberals were motivated by National Efficiency?
Liberals opened Labour Exchanges to minimise unemployment
but small part of reforms
New Liberalism - what did old liberalists argue?
poverty was due to defects of character
What was the New Liberalist approach?
that poverty imposed restrictions on choices available
Why is New Liberalism not an important motivatior? (2 marks)
Many disagreements about the extent of reform
New Liberal ideas not mentioned in campaigning or manifestio
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