Skin, Hair, Nails Assessment

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Skin, Hair, Nails Assessment
2013-02-07 23:56:44
health assessment test

H.A. test 2
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  1. Acrocyanosis
    • a bluish discoloration of the hands and feet
    • may be present at birth and may persist for several days or longer if the newborn is kept in a cool and ambient temperatures
  2. Alopecia
    hair loss
  3. Annular
    • shaped like a ring
    • used to describe a lesion that forms a ring around a clear center of normal skin
  4. apocrine
    referring to glands found in the axillae and anogenital area
  5. cellular stratum
    the location where keratin cells are synthesized
  6. cellulitis
    a diffuse, acute, infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue
  7. chloasma
    • facial discoloration common during pregnancy
    • also called the mask of pregnancy
  8. confluent
    referring to lesions that run together
  9. cutis marmorata
    • marbled or mottled appearance of the skin of a newborn when exposed to decreased temps
    • occurs because the newborn's immature vascular systems is unable to adapt to temp changes
  10. dermatomal
    referring to a lesion that follows a nerve or segment of the body
  11. dermis
    richly vascular connective tissue layer of the skin
  12. ecchymosis
    contusion or bruise
  13. eczematous dermatitis
    • most common inflammatory skin disorder
    • several forms exist, including contact dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, and atopic dermatitis
  14. epidermis
    outer portion of skin
  15. erythema toxicum
    • pink papular rash common in newborns
    • often characterized by vesicles on the back and thorax about 36 hours after birth
  16. folliculitis
    inflammation and infection of the hair follicle and surrounding dermis
  17. furuncle
    a deep-seated infection of the pilosebaceous unit
  18. generalized
    widely distributed or present in several areas at the same time
  19. harlequin color change
    skin coloration that occurs in some newborns in response to changes in position
  20. herpes simplex
    infection caused by the herpes simplex virus
  21. herpes zoster
    infection cause by the varicella zoster virus
  22. hypodermis
    layer of skin that connects the dermis to the underlying organs
  23. keloid
    hypertrophied scare tissue
  24. Keratin
    waterproofing protein
  25. Lanugo
    fine, silky hair of newborns
  26. Melanin
    pigment that gives skin its color
  27. Mongolian spots
    areas fo deep bluish-gray pigmentation on the sacral aspect of a newborn
  28. Morbilliform
    refers to maculopapular lesions that become confluent on the face and body
  29. nails
    epidermal cells converted to hard plates of keratine
  30. nevus
    a mole
  31. papillae
    loops of capillaries tat supply nourishment for hair follicles
  32. petechiae
    tiny, flat purple or red spots on the skin surface, resulting from minute hemorrhages within the dermal layer
  33. pityriasis rosea
    self-limiting inflammation of unknown cause
  34. plaque
    a type of skin lesion common in patients with psoriasis
  35. psoriasis
    a chronic and recurrent disease of keratin syntthesis
  36. reticulate
    referring to a lesion with a netlike or lacy appearance
  37. rosacea
    chronic inflammatory skin disorder
  38. sebum
    a lipid substance that keeps skin and hair from drying out
  39. serpiginous
    referring to lesions that appear to occur in a wavy line
  40. stellate
    referring to a star-shaped lesion
  41. stratum corneum
    outermost layer of the dermis, which protects the body against environmental stressors and water loss
  42. stratum lucidum
    layer of dermis found in thicker skin on the palms and soles
  43. telangiectasis
    fine, irregular red lines produced by capillary dilation
  44. tinea
    a group of noncandidal fungal infections that involve stratum corneum, nails, and hair
  45. vellus
    short, fine hair that is nonpigmented
  46. vernix
    a mixture of sebum and cornified epidermis
  47. vesicle
    a fluid-filled, elevated, but superficial skin lesion
  48. wood's lamp
    type of lamp used to fluoresce skin lesions