BIO 116 Ch. 10

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  1. What are the 3 main perspectives that social psychology uses to describe humans behaviors in groups?
    role theories, learning theories, and cognitive theories
  2. Role theory:
    the roles that we have shape the ways that we interact with people and how people interact with us
  3. What's most important to understand about your role in a group?
    understanding the expectations of the other members in the group
  4. Norms:
    socially defined behaviors that shape our interactions in a group
  5. How do roles apply to HIV/AIDS?
    there must be rules and understandings about a sexual relationship (like using condoms and whatnot)
  6. cognitions:
    knowledge or thoughts that give us the structure to interpret our experiences and shape our actions
  7. Schemas:
    combinations of related cognitions that help us interpret past or new experiences and work out new ideas --> influence how we act
  8. What would make a schema change in a person?
    when information a person knows is changed that relates to the situation or person
  9. Imbalance in cognition and schema causes what?
  10. If someone does something that is "out of character" for a certain schema we have of them, what does the observer tend to do?
    if the observed person isn't a victim of circumstance and they weren't implicated, then the observer tends to make a more negative cognition about the person and remove them from interaction
  11. What happens to the self-schema when one learns they are HIV+? why?
    their self-schema (self-concept) is altered because our interactions with other people keep our self-schema active and consistent
  12. How does an understanding of roles and expectations affect us?
    if affects how we act and react to people we interact with
  13. Does acceptance of HIV take a long time?
  14. What can happen mentally/in life when a person accepts having HIV? –
    • can focus on strengths better
    • leave old roles that aren't satisfying
    • have new opportunities/risks
    • sets new goals
    • family pressures are gone from self-image
  15. What are HIV+ people forced to do as they continue living with the disease?
    they have to constantly adjust as the disease changes their perspective
  16. What negative thing can really affect the pathway to acceptance?
    negative stigma
  17. What is the controversial organization that spreads awareness about HIV/AIDS?
    ACT UP (AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power)
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BIO 116 Ch. 10

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