History Final Semester 1 (People ONLY!)

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  1. On October 12, 1492, the "pinta, Nina, and the Santa Maria" dropped anchor and waited for daylight. He boarded small boats and went ashore. He named the island San Salvadore. He discovered a new world
    Christopher Columbus
  2. Historians believe that around the year A.D. 1000 the Viking _______ from Scandinavia, landed on the shores of North America
    Lief Ericson
  3. the son of an Italian Merchant, accompanied his father and his uncle on a  trip to China. He became the first European to travel the length of Asia
    Marco Polo
  4. introduced the movable type printing press.
    Johann Gutenburg
  5. founded a navigation school and sent out several ships to explore the western coast of Africa.
    Prince Henry the Navigator
  6. protested false doctrines of the church by nailing his Ninety-Five Thesis to the church door in Wittenberg, Germany
    Martin Luther
  7. Columbus finally persuaded the Spanish king and queen, ___ and ___ to sponsor his expidition
    Ferdinand and Isabella
  8. first to realize that what Columbus had discovered was a new continent was an Italian Sailor, ___ .
    Amerigo Vespucci
  9. conqueror and governor of Puerto Rico, set out to find a fabled fountain of youth. He made the first Spanish landing on the mainland of North America. He found Florida
    Ponce De Leon
  10. discovered the Pacific Ocean
    Vasco De Balboa
  11. He began a 3 year voyage around the world. He proved once and for all that the world is round.
    Ferdinand Magellan
  12. conquered the Aztec Indians in Mexico in 1519-1521
    Hernando Cortes
  13. The Aztec's chief, ___ , had developed a remarkably advanced civilization that included a calender, pictographic writing, and impressive architecture.
  14. conquered the Inca Indians of Peru
    Franscisco Pizzaro
  15. marched northward from Mexico and discovered the Grand Canyon
    Francisco Coronado
  16. explored Florida and Georgia and part of South Carolina, North Carolina, and Tennessee. He discovered the Mississippi River
    Hernando de Soto
  17. a portuguese employed by the Spanish ; explored the coast of California
    Juan Cabrillo
  18. Charles V's son
    Philip II
  19. Under the leadership of this queen, England became a threat to the financial wellbeing of the Spanish Empire.
    Queen Elizabeth
  20. attacked Spanish ships bound for spain from the New World and took their cargoes of gold and silver
    Sir Francis Drake
  21. discovered the St. Lawrence river
    Jacques Cartier
  22. the "Father of New France". In 1608, the first permanent french settlement in the New World was established at Quebec, Canada, by ______.
    Samuel de Champlain
  23. _____: a Jesuit missionary, and _____: a fur trader, led an expedition which explored the central Mississippi River
    Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet
  24. claimed the entire Mississippi Valley for France and named it "Lousisiana"
    Robert Cavalier de la Salle
  25. called for a Bible to be placed in every church, and people thronged to the churches from miles around to hear the Scriptures
    Queen Elizabeth 1
  26. explored the Atlantic coast of North America and claimed the land for England. he was the first modern European explorer to set foot on the mainland of North America
    John Cabot
  27. embarked on a daring voyage that was to make him the first Englishman to sail around the world.
    Francis Drake
  28. sent an expedition to establish a colony Roanoke Island, off the coast of North Carolina.
    Sir Walter Raleigh
  29. first English child to born in America
    Virginia Dare
  30. granted a charter allowing two jointstock companies to undertake colonization in Virginia
    James I
  31. took charge of the colony and saved it from self-destruction by ruling with a firm hand
    Captain John Smith
  32. who married the Indian princess Pocohontas
    John Rolfe
  33. this group of refugees arrived in the Dutch City of Leyden
    John Robinson
  34. who had visited England and learned to speak English
  35. served for many years as the pilgrim's pastor. 
    William Brewster
  36. The mayflower passengers had elected this man to be their first governor
    John Carver
  37. a man known for wisdom, patience, and kindness. He was highly respected by the residents of Plymouth. He held the office of governor for over 30 years
    William Bradford
  38. issued a charter for the formation of the Massachusetts Bay Company
    Charles I
  39. first governor of Massachusetts Bay
    John Winthrop
  40. began a thorough and ongoing effort to reach the Indians with the gospel. "Apostle to the Indians"
    John Eliot
  41. Began a similar work on the island of Martha's Vineyard. he saw several Indian congregations established on the island before he died in 1675
    Thomas mayhew
  42. who came to massachusetts during the "great Migration"
    Thomas Hooker
  43. disagreed with the leaders of the Massachussetts Bay Colony on several matters
    Roger Williams
  44. king james sent him to unite the New England colonies, as well as New York and New Jersey under the Dominion of England
    Sir Edmund Andros
  45. King James II fled England, and Parliament gave the crown to the Prince and Princess of Orange
    William and Mary
  46. sailed his ship the "Half Moon" into the New York Bay and up the river which now bears his name, claiming the land that is today New York for Holland
    Henry Hudson
  47. stamped his wooden leg and insisted upon putting up a fight
    Peter Stuyvesant
  48. the first Lord Baltimore, a large territory north of the Potomac River
    George Calvert
  49. duke of york gave New Netherland, he gave this area to two noblemen, who called the land "New Jersey," after the island of Jersey in the English Channel
    Sir George Carteret and Lord John Berkeley
  50. the son of a wealthy and prestigious Englishman, became a quaker as a young man. He named it Pennsylvania
    William Penn
  51. He found Georgia. 
    James Oglethorpe
  52. came to the colonies briefly and led the Moravians in founding the city of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
    Count Von zinzendorf
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History Final Semester 1 (People ONLY!)
2013-01-30 03:52:45

History Final Semester 1, 8th Grade
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