History Final Semester 1 (People ONLY!)
Card Set Information
History Final Semester 1 (People ONLY!)
History Final Semester 1, 8th Grade
On October 12, 1492, the "pinta, Nina, and the Santa Maria" dropped anchor and waited for daylight. He boarded small boats and went ashore. He named the island San Salvadore. He discovered a new world
Historians believe that around the year A.D. 1000 the Viking _______ from Scandinavia, landed on the shores of North America
the son of an Italian Merchant, accompanied his father and his uncle on a trip to China. He became the first European to travel the length of Asia
introduced the movable type printing press.
founded a navigation school and sent out several ships to explore the western coast of Africa.
Prince Henry the Navigator
protested false doctrines of the church by nailing his Ninety-Five Thesis to the church door in Wittenberg, Germany
Columbus finally persuaded the Spanish king and queen, ___ and ___ to sponsor his expidition
Ferdinand and Isabella
first to realize that what Columbus had discovered was a new continent was an Italian Sailor, ___ .
conqueror and governor of Puerto Rico, set out to find a fabled fountain of youth. He made the first Spanish landing on the mainland of North America. He found Florida
Ponce De Leon
discovered the Pacific Ocean
Vasco De Balboa
He began a 3 year voyage around the world. He proved once and for all that the world is round.
conquered the Aztec Indians in Mexico in 1519-1521
The Aztec's chief, ___ , had developed a remarkably advanced civilization that included a calender, pictographic writing, and impressive architecture.
conquered the Inca Indians of Peru
marched northward from Mexico and discovered the Grand Canyon
explored Florida and Georgia and part of South Carolina, North Carolina, and Tennessee. He discovered the Mississippi River
Hernando de Soto
a portuguese employed by the Spanish ; explored the coast of California
Charles V's son
Under the leadership of this queen, England became a threat to the financial wellbeing of the Spanish Empire.
attacked Spanish ships bound for spain from the New World and took their cargoes of gold and silver
Sir Francis Drake
discovered the St. Lawrence river
the "Father of New France". In 1608, the first permanent french settlement in the New World was established at Quebec, Canada, by ______.
Samuel de Champlain
_____: a Jesuit missionary, and _____: a fur trader, led an expedition which explored the central Mississippi River
Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet
claimed the entire Mississippi Valley for France and named it "Lousisiana"
Robert Cavalier de la Salle
called for a Bible to be placed in every church, and people thronged to the churches from miles around to hear the Scriptures
Queen Elizabeth 1
explored the Atlantic coast of North America and claimed the land for England. he was the first modern European explorer to set foot on the mainland of North America
embarked on a daring voyage that was to make him the first Englishman to sail around the world.
sent an expedition to establish a colony Roanoke Island, off the coast of North Carolina.
Sir Walter Raleigh
first English child to born in America
granted a charter allowing two jointstock companies to undertake colonization in Virginia
took charge of the colony and saved it from self-destruction by ruling with a firm hand
Captain John Smith
who married the Indian princess Pocohontas
this group of refugees arrived in the Dutch City of Leyden
who had visited England and learned to speak English
served for many years as the pilgrim's pastor.
The mayflower passengers had elected this man to be their first governor
a man known for wisdom, patience, and kindness. He was highly respected by the residents of Plymouth. He held the office of governor for over 30 years
issued a charter for the formation of the Massachusetts Bay Company
first governor of Massachusetts Bay
began a thorough and ongoing effort to reach the Indians with the gospel. "Apostle to the Indians"
Began a similar work on the island of Martha's Vineyard. he saw several Indian congregations established on the island before he died in 1675
who came to massachusetts during the "great Migration"
disagreed with the leaders of the Massachussetts Bay Colony on several matters
king james sent him to unite the New England colonies, as well as New York and New Jersey under the Dominion of England
Sir Edmund Andros
King James II fled England, and Parliament gave the crown to the Prince and Princess of Orange
William and Mary
sailed his ship the "Half Moon" into the New York Bay and up the river which now bears his name, claiming the land that is today New York for Holland
stamped his wooden leg and insisted upon putting up a fight
the first Lord Baltimore, a large territory north of the Potomac River
duke of york gave New Netherland, he gave this area to two noblemen, who called the land "New Jersey," after the island of Jersey in the English Channel
Sir George Carteret and Lord John Berkeley
the son of a wealthy and prestigious Englishman, became a quaker as a young man. He named it Pennsylvania
He found Georgia.
came to the colonies briefly and led the Moravians in founding the city of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
Count Von zinzendorf