HESI A&P Endocrine System

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Author:
karla14449
ID:
196432
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HESI A&P Endocrine System
Updated:
2013-01-29 20:48:19
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HESI Endocrine System
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Endocrine system portion of the HESI exam
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  1. The endocrine system  assists the nervous system in _______ and plays important roles in ______ & _______ maturation.
    • Homeostasis 
    • Growth & Sexual 
  2. Where does the Endocrine System and Nervous System meet?
    Hypothalamus & Pituitary Gland.
  3. The ___________ governs the pituitary and is turn controlled by the feedback of hormones in the blood.
    hypothalamus
  4. ___________ are chemical messengers that control the growth, differentiation, and metabolism of specific target cells.
    Hormones
  5. What are the 2 major groups of hormones?
    Steroid & Non-steroid hormones
  6. _________ hormones enter the target cells ad have a direct effect on the DNA of the nucleus.
    Steroid
  7. Some _________ hormones are protein hormones.
    Non-steroid
  8. Many protein hormones remain at the cell ______ and act as a second messenger, usually AMP (Adenosine Monophosphate)
    surface
  9. Most hormones affect cell activity by altering the rate of ________ _________.
    Protein Synthesis
  10. Why are the endocrine glands grouped together as a system?
    because all of them have the same function, to produce hormones.
  11. What other organs produce hormones as well?
    • Stomach
    • Small Intestine
    • Kidneys
  12. Multiple hormones are released during _____ from the adrenal cortex, the hypothalamus, and the anterior & posterior pituitary.
    Stress
  13. During stress, the adrenal cortex releases _____ which reduces inflammation, raises the blood sugar levels, and inhibits the release of histamine. 
    Cortisol
  14. What gland is nicknamed the master gland?
    Pituitary
  15. The pituitary gland is attached to the hypothalamus by a stalk called the ....
    Infundibulum
  16. The pituitary gland has 2 major portions: 
    • Anterior Lobe (Adrenohypophysis)
    • Posterior Lobe (Neurohypophysis)
  17. Hormones released by the anterior lobe are called _______ hormones because they act mainly on other endocrine glands.
    Tropic
  18. What are the hormones released by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland:
    • Somatotropic hormone (STH) or Growth hormone (GH)
    • Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
    • Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
    • Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
    • Luteinizing hormone (LH)
  19. What hormones are released from the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland:
    • Oxytocin (Labor hormone)
    • Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
  20.  Name the main Endocrine glands:
    • Pituitary Gland
    • Pineal 
    • Hypothalamus
    • Thyroid
    • Parathyroid
    • Thymus
    • Adrenals
    • Pancreas
    • Gonads (Ovaries & Testes)

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