Medical abbreviations and symbols to memorize

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Author:
migratorycoconut
ID:
196607
Filename:
Medical abbreviations and symbols to memorize
Updated:
2013-01-30 11:44:07
Tags:
medical calculations medication orders abbreviations
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Description:
Commonly used symbols and abbreviations used in writing medication orders
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  1. c
    C
    Cup
  2. g
    gram
  3. gr
    grain
  4. gtt
    drop
  5. kg
    kilogram
  6. L
    liter
  7. mcg
    microgram
  8. mEq
    • milliequivalent
    • (used for electrolyte measurement, expresses ionic activity of a drug)
  9. mg
    milligram
  10. mL
    milliliter
  11. oz
    ounce
  12. pt
    pint
  13. qt
    quart
  14. T
    tbs
    tablespoon
  15. t
    tsp
    teaspoon
  16. ~ with = underneath
    approximately
  17. arrow up
    increase
  18. arrow down
    decrease
  19. delta (triangle)
    change
  20. a (with line over top)
    before
  21. aa
    aa (with line over top)
    of each
  22. a.c.
    ac
    • before meals
    • Latin: ante cibum
  23. ad lib.
    • as desired
    • freely
    • Latin: ad libitum, at one's pleasure
  24. am
    AM
    • morning
    • before noon
  25. amp
    • ampule
    • (small, closed glass vial)
  26. aq
    • aqueous
    • water
  27. b.i.d.
    bid
    twice a day
  28. b.i.w.
    biw
    twice a week
  29. c (with a line over top)
    with
  30. cap
    caps
    capsule
  31. CD
    controlled dose
  32. CR
    controlled release
  33. dil.
    dilute
  34. DS
    double strength
  35. EC
    enteric coated
  36. elix.
    elixir
  37. fl
    fld.
    fluid
  38. GT
    gastrostomy tube
  39. h
    hr
    hour
  40. ID
    intradermal
  41. IM
    intramuscular
  42. IV
    intravenous
  43. IVPB
    intravenous piggy back
  44. IVSS
    intravenous Soluset
  45. KVO
    • keep vein open
    • (a very slow infusion rate)
  46. LA
    long acting
  47. LOS
    length of stay
  48. min
    minute
  49. mix
    mixture
  50. NAS
    intranasal
  51. NG
    NGT
    nasogastric tube
  52. noc
    noct
    at night
  53. NPO
    n.p.o.
    • nothing by mouth
    • Latin: nihil per os
  54. NS
    N/S
    normal saline
  55. p (with a line over top)
    • after
    • Latin: post
  56. p.c.
    pc
    • after meals
    • Latin: post cibum
  57. per
    • through
    • by
  58. pm
    PM
    • evening
    • before midnight
  59. p.o.
    • by mouth
    • Latin: per os
  60. p.r.
    by rectum
  61. p.r.n.
    prn
    as needed, when necessary or required
  62. q.
    every
  63. q.a.m.
    every morning
  64. q.h.
    qh
    every hour
  65. q2h
    q4h
    q6h
    q8
    q12h
    • every 2 hours
    • 4 hours
    • 6 hours
    • 8 hours
    • 12 hours
  66. q.i.d
    qid
    four times a day
  67. q.s.
    • a sufficient amount
    • as much as needed
  68. rect
    rectum
  69. s (with a line over top)
    without
  70. sl
    SL
    sublingual
  71. sol
    soln
    solution
  72. s.o.s.
    SOS
    may be repeated ONCE if necessary
  73. SR
    sustained release
  74. S&S
    swish and swallow
  75. stat
    STAT
    • immediately
    • at once
    • Latin: statim
  76. subcut
    subcutaneous
  77. supp
    suppository
  78. susp
    suspension
  79. syp
    syr
    syrup
  80. tab
    tablet
  81. t.i.d.
    tid
    three times a day
  82. tr.
    tinct
    tincture
  83. ung.
    oint
    • ointment
    • Latin: unguentum
  84. vag.
    v
    vaginally
  85. XL
    long acting
  86. XR
    extended release
  87. long acting
    • LA
    • XL
  88. sustained or extended release
    • SR
    • XR

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