Sessions Terms 1

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Author:
jderrionte
ID:
196788
Filename:
Sessions Terms 1
Updated:
2013-01-30 23:45:51
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Sessions
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Description:
Recording Sessions Final Terms
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  1. Whats is a DAW
    a software-based system with outboard hardware converters designed for the recording, editing and playing back of digital audio.
  2. What is a FOH Console
    a console that is used to setup a mix that will be heard by the audience at a live event.
  3. What is a Hybrid Console
    an analog console that usually has one channel path per I/O and has DAW control capabilities.
  4. what is an In-Line Console
    an analog console that has two paths per I/O, a channel path to receive signal from microphones and a monitor path to receive signal from a multi-­‐ track recorder.
  5. What is a Monitor Console
    a console that is used to setup a mix for the performers on stage at a live event.
  6. What is a Split Console
    a console that has two separate sections for the channel paths and the monitor paths.
  7. What is Bouncing
    The process of mixing two or more separate tracks and recording them to another track or tracks on the same MTR. This will enable erasure of the original tracks, freeing them up for new audio.
  8. What is Comping
    Combining portions of several tracks (typically lead vocals) to a single composite track on the same MTR.
  9. What is a Cue Mix
    a separate mix from the console that is sent to the performers in the live room during a recording/overdub session.
  10. What are Fly-ins
    The process of mixing two or more separate tracks and recording them to a secondary device, then moving them back to the original MTR overwriting the original audio. The two MTR’s will be linked together with time code to maintain timing.
  11. What is a Rough Mix
    Any mix that is not part of the final deliverables.
  12. What is Wild Tracking
    The process of mixing two or more separate tracks and recording them to a secondary device, then moving them back to the original MTR overwriting the original audio. The two MTR’s will not be linked together with time code.
  13. What is the 3:1 Rule
    A microphone technique using two or more microphones. The microphones are placed so that they are separated the by at least 3 times the mic-­‐to-­‐ source distance. This creates a level difference of at least 9dB between the microphones, which reduces the level of the comb filtering to an inaudible 1dB or less.
  14. What is the Coincident Technique 
    A microphone technique using a pair of microphones, usually the same model, placed with their capsules as close together as possible.
  15. What is a Combo AMP
    an instrument amplifier that has both the Amp and Speakers in the same enclosure. This type of amp can mixed with different types of Cabinets (Speakers) from modular amps.
  16. What is a Condenser Microphone  
    A microphone where the diaphragm is part of a capacitor that has two plates with a voltage between them. The voltage is supplied by an external power source, usually phantom power. One plate of the capacitor acts as a diaphragm. As the diaphragm vibrates, the distance between the plates changes, changing the capacitance.
  17. What is Critical Distance
    The point in an acoustic space where the direct sound and the reverberant sound are equal to each other in volume.
  18. What is a Dampener 
    An item that presses on the drumhead, to help control the drums overtones.
  19. What is a Direct Box
    A device used to change the impedance of an audio signal from high to low impedance. The most common use is with electric guitars/basses before being sent to the console’s microphone pre-­‐amp.
  20. What is a Drum Dial
    a device to measure the tension on a drumhead, this is used to help with tuning a drum.
  21. What is a Drum Key
    This is a tool used to tighten the lugs on a drum.
  22. What is a Dynamic Microphone 
    A microphone using magnets and a moving coil of wire to create an electrical current. The diaphragm is attached to the coil of wire. As the diaphragm vibrates to incoming sound waves, it causes the coil to move backwards and forwards past the magnet.
  23. What is Inverse Square Law
    This law of physics states that the sound pressure level will drop to half-­‐pressure (-­‐6 dB) every time the distance to the sound source is doubled.
  24. What is a Modular Amp
    Is an instrument amplifier that has a separate Head (The Amp) and Cabinet (The Speakers). This type of setup gives the user great flexibility to allow for the use of different combinations of Heads and Cabinets.
  25. What are Moongels
    A form of Drum dampener. It is a sticky gel/silicone type substance, which is square shaped and is used to help control the overtones of a drum.
  26. What is Near Coincident Technique 
    A microphone technique using a pair of microphones, usually the same model, placed with their capsules slightly apart reducing the amount of signal shared equally by both microphones .
  27. What is the definition of Off Axis
    Sound that arrives from angles other the 0 degree position relative to the mic capsule.
  28. What is the definition of On Axis
    Sound that arrives at the 0 degree position relative to the mic capsule.
  29. What is a pad
    A resistive network inserted in a microphone or other signal line to lower the level by a specific number of decibels.
  30. What is the definition of Phase
    A measurement (expressed in degrees) of the time difference between two similar waveforms.
  31. What are Polar Patterns
    A plot that describes the sensitivity of a microphone to sounds arriving from any direction over a 360-­‐degree range.
  32. What is a Polarity Switch
    A circuit that allows for the reversal of the positive (+) and negative (-­‐) sections of an audio signal’s waveform.
  33. What is Proximity Effect 
    A property of microphones where as the distance of a microphone from the source decreases, microphones with directional polar patterns will exhibit an increase in low frequency response.
  34. What is a Re-amp Box
    a device that is used to convert a balanced signal to an unbalanced signal, reduces (Line-­‐Level) signal down to a (microphone) level signal using a level potentiometer, and raise the impedance from low to high.
  35. What is a Ribbon Microphone
    a microphone that uses a thin corrugated piece of aluminum, which is used as the element/diaphragm, hanging within a strong magnetic field.
  36. What is a Roll-Off
    a selection on a microphone, usually a condenser, that allows the user to attenuate the low frequencies being picked up by the mic.
  37. What is a Tone Control Ring
    A type of drum dampener. The Ring is a thin plastic ring that comes in various sizes that are employed to help control drum overtones.

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