Avamys Pathology

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Avamys Pathology
2013-01-31 04:06:00

2013 Reviewer
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  1. A condition where the body recognizes a substance (allergen) as non-self and is considered a threat thus stimulating the __________________ to react and manufacture chemicals to “eradicate” the intruder.
  2. What is know as a firm, elevated swelling of the skin known in medical terminology as a papule2.Generally pale red in color, although color can also be deep red or purple; may be round, oval or irregular in shape and are usually rounded or flat topped.
  3. Histamine and other pro-inflammatory substances are released from _________in the skin and tissues in response to the binding of allergen-bound IgE antibodies to high affinity cell surface receptors.
    Mast Cells
  4. What is reddening of the skin spreading outward from a focus of infection or irritation.
  5. What is the cellular trademark of inflammation and is responsible for tissue hyperreactivity & chronic inflammation?       
  6. Chronic urticaria  has symptoms which persist for more than _________most cases are idiopathic (up to 80%), Whereas, acute urticaria symptom persist for less than ________.     
    6 Weeks
  7. The allergic phase characterized by the recruitment of eosinophils and basophils is called _ _ _ _ phase.
    Late Phase of Allergic Reaction
  8. What are the 2 types of urticaria according to origin of disease?       
    Non-Allergic Urticaria & Allergic Urticaria
  9. A type of urticaria known as “skin writing” and is one of the most common types of urticaria, in which the skin becomes raised and inflamed when stroked, scratched, rubbed and slapped.
  10. _______________ is a 'mediator' involved in the allergic response and is responsible for signaling molecules that are used extensively in CELLULAR COMMUNICATION.
  11. Oral Antihistamines works by binding to the ____________ on target tissues.This prevents histamine form attaching to these receptors so allergic symptoms caused by histamine are significantly reduced or completely blocked.            
  12. Based on BSACI Recommendation on Step-up treatment plan for Chronic Urticaria, initial treatment should be:     
    Standard Dose of Non-sedating OAH
  13. Can Xyzal be prescribed for pregnant women?
    Caution should be exercised when prescribing to pregnant or lactating women as no clinical data is available for use of Xyzal among exposed human pregnancies