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  1. Define civilization
    Adaptation to environment that exhibits a few features
  2. Major features of a civilization?
    • Sedentary
    • dense population
    • social stratification
    • job specialization
    • writing
    • large-scale permanent architecture.
  3. Writing?
    Graphic representation of language.

    English has Latin alphabet.

    Latin alphabet not made for English.

    Mesoamerica: pictographic alphabet developed from scratch.
  4. Large-scale permanent architecture?
    Temple platforms, observatories, canals ball courts and megalithic had carvings.
  5. What is history?
    Is a method of philosophy in the social sciences.
  6. Social sciences are?
    • Anthropology – the study of man.
    • Sociology-the study of people and groups. Psychology-the study of mental and behavioral process.
    • History-the research of past event.
  7. Primary documents?
    • Sources that originate in the time historians are studying.
    • Examples:
    • government documents
    • personal memoirs transcripts of legal proceedings
    • oral histories or traditions
    • archaeological evidences
    • biological evidence visual sources: maps, paintings and photographs.
  8. Secondary documents?
    Works that reflect on earlier times. Books and articles where a writer interprets events and primary sources examples: books by professional scholars.
  9. Objectivity?
    • To show an unbiased response and documentation or approach.
    • Expressing or dealing with facts or conditions proceed without distortion by personal feelings, prejudices, or interpretations.
  10. Subjectivity?
    • To be influenced by one's personal experiences.
    • Arising out of or identified by means of one's perception of one's own states and processes.
  11. The historiography?
    • Is the writing of history.
    • These studies analyze and document what historians have heard about a subject.
  12. Quote about history?
    "Until lions have their own historians, the hunter will always be glorified"-Ethiopian proverb
  13. El Plan de Santa Barbara?
    • Late April 1969, students and community members came together and wrote this plan.
    • Santa Barbara, CA
    • MEChA and Chicano studies were created
  14. What makes history a social science?
    • It relies on documents: primary and secondary
    • examples: 1848; Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
    • WWII ; diary of Anne Frank.
    • Articles about the late Michael Jackson
  15. Objective of history 141?
    Identify and describe the political, economic and, social achievements of pre-Columbian indigenous cultures as they pertain to the evolution of Mexican, American, and Mexican-American traditions.
  16. Five subregions of Mesoamerica?
    • Gulf Coast
    • Mayan region
    • Oaxaca area
    • Western Mexico
    • Central mexico
  17. Gulf Coast areas? Major languages?
    • Veracruz, Tamaulipas, Tabasco
    • Major languages: Totonaca and Huaxteco
  18. Mayan region areas and language?
    Yucatán, Chiapas, Central America.

    Languages: Mayan.
  19. Oaxaca Areas and languages?
    • Oaxaca and Guerrero (eddy)
    • Languages: Zap-o-tec and Mix-tec
  20. Western Mexico areas? Language?
    • Naya-rit, Colima (taco shop), Michoacan, Jalisco, Queretaro.
    • Language: Pure'pecha
  21. Central Mexico areas? languages?
    • Mexico City, Mexico, Puebla, T-lax-cala, Morelos, and Hidalgo.
    • languages: Nahuatl and Otomi
  22. The archaic period?
    • 800,000 BC two 2000 BC.
    • Food domestication
  23. The preclassic period?
    • 2000 BC to 200 BC. (Mother culture)
    • Olmec
    • Oaxaca
  24. The classic period?
    • 200 BC to 900 AD
    • Maya
    • Teothian
  25. The EPI Classic Period?
    700 to 900 AD
  26. The postclassic period?
    • 900 A.D.-1521 A.D
    • Toltec
    • Aztec
Card Set:
2013-01-31 11:56:02
hist 141

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