Human Sexuality

Card Set Information

Author:
rubensepulvedajr
ID:
19695
Filename:
Human Sexuality
Updated:
2010-05-17 22:55:50
Tags:
Sexual Dysfunctions
Folders:

Description:
Challenges in sexual function
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  1. Hypoactive sexual desire disorder:
    • Primary—lifelong
    • diminished or absent feelings of sexual interest or desire; absent sexual
    • thoughts or fantasies.

    • Secondary—acquired
    • diminished or absent feelings of sexual interest or desire; diminished or
    • absent sexual thoughts
  2. Sexual Aversion Disorder:
    • Primary—Lifelong persistent or recurrent extreme aversion to, and avoidance of, all genital
    • sexual contact with partner

    • Secondary—acquired persistent or recurrent extreme aversion to, and avoidance of, all genital
    • sexual contact with a sexual partner
  3. Female Sexual Arousal Disorder:
    Primary—lifelong diminished or absent lubrication response of sexual excitement

    Secondary—acquired diminished or absent lubrication response in sexual excitement
  4. Male Erectile Disorder:
    Primary—lifelong diminished or absent ability to attain or maintain, until completion of the sexual activity, an adequate erection.

    Secondary—acquired diminished or absent ability to attain or maintain, until completion of the sexual activity, an adequate erection
  5. Female orgasmic disorder
    Primary—lifelong delay or absence of orgasm following normal sexual excitement

    Secondary—acquired delay or absence of orgasm following normal sexual excitement
  6. Male orgasmic disorder
    Primary—lifelong absence of orgasm in men

    Secondary—acquired diminished ability to orgasm or markedly decreased orgasmic intensity from any stimulation
  7. Premature ejaculation
    Primary—lifelong pattern of ejaculating with minimal sexual stimulation before, on, or shortly after penetration and before the person wishes it

    Secondary—acquired pattern of ejaculating with minimal sexual stimulation before, on, or shortly after penetration and before the person wishes
  8. Retarded (or inhibited) ejaculation
    Primarily—lifelong inability to reach orgasm or a prolonged stimulation period to orgasm

    • Secondary—recurrent or persistent inability to reach orgasm or a need for prolonged stimulation
    • period to orgasm
  9. Dyspareunia
    Primary—lifelong recurrent or persistent genital pain associated with sexual intercourse, either in a male or female

    Secondary—acquired recurrent or persistent genital pain associated with sexual intercourse, either in a male or female
  10. Vaginismus
    • Primary—lifelong problem of recurrent or persistent involuntary spasms of the outer third of the
    • vagina that interferes with sexual intercourse

    Secondary—acquired recurrent or persistent involuntary spasms of the outer third of the vagina that interference with sexual intercourse
  11. Reasons for sexual difficulties and dysfunctions
    Psychological factors:



    Unconscious fears, ongoing stress, anxiety, depression, guilt, anger, fear of infidelity, partner conflict, fear of intimacy, dependency, abandonment, and concern of loss of control.



    Physical Factors



    Sexual dysfunction caused by physical factors can increase due to age, disease, disability, illness and many commonly used drugs. Prescription drugs can cause erectile, and ejaculatory problems in men and orgasm in women. Also conventional drugs: cocaine, marihuana, LSD, Tobacco, and alcohol can also lead to sexual dysfunction.



    • Sexual Problems due to Social-Cultural,
    • Political, economic problems

    Ignorance and anxiety due to lack of sex education; lack of access to reproductive health services; social constraints and pressures; conflict between the sexual norms of culture of origin and another culture.
  12. List and briefly describe two techniques from sex therapy that can help a man experiencing erectile dysfunction
    1. Systematic Desensitization

    • a. A treatment method for sexual dysfunction
    • that involves neutralizing the anxiety-producing aspects of sexual situations and behaviors by a process of gradual exposure

    2. Sensate Focus

    • a. A series of touching experiences that are
    • assigned to couples in sex therapy to teach nonverbal communication and reduce anxiety
  13. List and describe 2 ways to help overcome premature ejaculation
    1. Squeeze technique

    a. It requires to stop stimulation and squeeze until the ejaculatory sensation is gone

    2. Sexercise

    a. This requires exercising the pubic muscles; this can be done discreetly
  14. Describe the treatment for Vaginismus
    one of the most effective ways to treat Vaginismus is with the use of dilators; the range in size and they are inserted and the size slowly increased; they help to open and relax the vaginal muscles.

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