Community Nutrition Chapter 1

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Author:
HeidiG
ID:
196954
Filename:
Community Nutrition Chapter 1
Updated:
2013-01-31 19:13:20
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Chapter community Nutrition
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Description:
Community Nutrition Chapter 1: Opportunities in Community Nutrition
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  1. What is a Community?
    A group of people who are located in a particular space (including cyberspace), have shared values, and interact within a social system.
  2. What is Community Nutrition?
    A discipline that strives to prevent disease and to improve the health, nutrition, and well-being of individuals and groups within communities.
  3. What are the three arenas of Community Nutrition?
    (Hint: The three P's)
    People, Policy, and Programs
  4. What is a Policy?
    A course of action chosen by public authorities to address a given problem.
  5. What is the desired outcome of Community  Nutrition Programs?
    Behavior Change
  6. What is the focus of Public Health?
    Protecting and promoting people's health through the actions of society.

    "Public health is what we, as a society, do collectively to assure the conditions in which people can be healthy."
  7. Define Health
    A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease.
  8. What is Health Promotion?
    The process of enabling people to achieve their maximum potential for good health.
  9. What is an Intervention?
    A health promotion activity aimed at changing the behavior of a target audience.
  10. What are the three types of prevention?
    Primary, secondary and tertiary
  11. What is the aim of primary prevention?
    Prevention of disease by controlling risk factors that are related to injury and disease.
  12. What are Risk Factors?
    Factors associated with an increased probability of acquiring a disease.
  13. What is the focus of Secondary Prevention?
    Detecting disease early through screening and other forms of risk appraisal.
  14. What is the focus of Tertiary Prevention?
    Treat and rehabilitate people who have experienced an illness or injury
  15. What is the difference between Community Nutritionists and Public Health Nutritionist?
    Public Health Nutritionists work for government agencies.

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