The Atmosphere: Section 3

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Author:
littleg.ward
ID:
196991
Filename:
The Atmosphere: Section 3
Updated:
2013-01-31 19:45:22
Tags:
atmosphere science air movement
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Air Movement
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  1. _____ is the movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area of lower pressure.
    • WIND
  2. Different areas of Earth receive different amounts of the Sun's _____.
    RADIATION
  3. The equator's warm air, being less dense, is pushed upward by denser, _____ air.

    Remember: warm air _____.
    COLDER

    RISES
  4. The pole's cold air, being more _____, sinks and moves along Earth's surface.
    DENSE
  5. The _____ _____ is the rotation of the Earth that causes moving air and water to shift to the right north of the equator and left south of the equator.
    CORIOLIS EFFECT
  6. Global winds are wind patterns, caused by convection currents combined with the Coriolis effect.  They affect the world's _____.
    WEATHER
  7. Near the equator, very little wind and daily rain patterns are called the _____.
    DOLDRUMS
  8. Surface Winds:

    Between the equator and 30 degrees latitude (north and south) are steady _____ blowing to the west.
    TRADEWINDS
  9. Surface Winds:

    Between 30 degrees and 60 degrees latitude (north and south) the _____ _____ blow to the east, in the opposite direction of the trade winds.
    PREVAILING WESTERLIES
  10. Surface Winds:

    _____ _____ blow from northeast to southwest near the north pole and from southeast to northwest near the south pole.
    POLAR EASTERLIES
  11. In the upper troposphere are narrow belts of strong winds called _____.
    JETSTREAMS
  12. The jet stream moves _____ in the winter.
    FASTER
  13. The jet stream moves _____ systems across the country.
    STORM
  14. Local wind systems affect _____ weather.
    LOCAL
  15. _____ _____ - a convection current that blows wind from the cooler sea toward the warmer land during the day.
    SEA BREEZE
  16. _____ _____ - at night, air moves off the land toward the water as the land cools more rapidly than the water.
    LAND BREEZE

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