Anesthetics

Card Set Information

Author:
catkar
ID:
19702
Filename:
Anesthetics
Updated:
2010-05-17 23:37:15
Tags:
Anesthesia
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Description:
Anesthesia names
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  1. Halothane (Fluothane)
    advantages
    • Advantages: INHALATION ANESTHETIC
    • Rapid and smooth induction
    • Low incidence of post op n/v Hypotension/Bradycardia may occur
    • other inhalation agents
  2. Halothane (Fluothane)
    disadvantages
    • Disadvantages: INHALATION ANESTHETIC
    • Shivering common post op
    • Can induce MH
    • Hypotension/Bradycardia may occur
    • Can increase dysrhythmias
    • Can cause permanent liver damage (rare)
  3. Nitrous Oxide (N2O)
    advantages
    • Rapid induction and recovery INHALATION ANESTHETIC
    • Useful for short procedures
    • When used with other agents, reduces the required concentration of the other agents
    • Minimal cardiovascular and respiratory depression
  4. NITROUS OXIDE (N2O)
    disadvantages
    • Relatively weak anesthetic agent
    • May produce hypoxia if the concentration is high
    • Needs addition of other agents for longer procedures

    INHALATION ANESTHETIC
  5. Midazolam (Versed)
    advantages
    Induces amnesia around the event

    Intravenous Anesthetic
  6. Midazolam (Versed)
    Disadvantages
    Slower induction than other IV agents

    INTRAVENOUS ANESTHETIC
  7. PROPOFOL (DIPRIVAN)
    advantages
    Rapid induction and recovery

    INTRAVENOUS ANESTHETIC
  8. PROPOFOL (DIPRIVAN)
    disadvantages
    • Can cause pain at injection site
    • May induce propofol infusion syndrome (PrIS):
    • severe metabolic acidosis, rhabdomyolysis, hyperkalemia, renal failure, cardiovascular collapse

    INTRAVENOUS ANESTHETIC
  9. THIOPENTAL SODIUM (PENTOTHAL)
    advantages
    Rapid induction and recovery

    INTRAVENOUS ANESTHETIC
  10. THIOPENTAL SODIUM (PENTOTHAL)
    disadvantages
    Can depress respiratory and cardiac functions

    INTRAVENOUS ANESTHETIC
  11. FENTANYL (SUBLIMAZE)
    advantages
    Outstanding analgesia, anesthesia (epidural)

    OPIOID

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