Seventh grade Social Studies Military Empires Four
Made 1/30/13, quiz 2/1/13
Between what years did the Hittites rule?
2000 BCE and 1190 BCE
Where were the Hittites located?
What lands did the Hittites conquer?
southwest Asia, Babylonia, and some of northern Syria
What language did the Hittites take from the conquered Babylonians?
From where did Hittites get ideas of literature, art, politics, and law from?
Key facts about chariots? During which time period?
Two wheels, wooden frame, pulled by two or four horses. Hittites!
Who were the first people to make iron into weapons?
Who conquered the Hittites?
Between what years did the Assyrians rule?
900 BCE to 612 BCE
Where were the Assyrians originally located?
Where did the Assyrians conquer?
The rest of Mesopotamia, up to the Persian Gulf in the East and up to the Nile River in the west
How did the Assyrians come to power?
Large, powerful army
Key things about the Assyrian's army?
Strong, well-organized, main group was foot soldiers with spears and daggers, others were experts at bow and arrow, those in chariots, and those who fought on horseback
What about the metal the Assyrians used?
They used an updated iron
How would the Assyrians attack cities?
Tunnel under or climb a ladder up the city wall, ram doors with trunks on platforms, set fire, took people and goods. Those who resisted were punished.
What was the result of the cities Assyria conquered?
Empire was formed with strong kings
Define the Assyrian's government
large provinces, officials governed each province to enforce laws and collect taxes
Assyrian's road system?
Built all through empire, guards posted at stations to keep traders from bandits. Gov. messengers used stations to rest and change horses
Writing, religion, and law of Assyria?
Writing - Bablonian writing
Religion - worshiped many Babylonian gods
Law - Same laws as Babylonians but punishment was fiercer
Who had the first library?
What did the first library contain?
over 25,000 stone tablets of stories and songs to the gods
Who were the Assyrians conquered by?
The Chaldeans or Neo-Babylonians
Between what years did the Chaldeans rule?
605 BCE and 562 BCE
Where were the Chaldeans originally located?
Mesopotamia and Babylon
What did the Chaldeans conquer?
rest of Mesopotamia and the Assyrians
Who was the main leader of the Chaldeans?
What was the main city of the Chaldeans like?
largest and richest city, religious buildings in the center including a 300 foot tall ziggurat, the king's palace had a terraced garden for his wife, water came from pump. Markets and houses outside wal
Who were the Chaldeans conquered by?
From when to when did the Persians rule?
559 BCE and 530 BCE
Where were the Persians originally located?
Who was Cyrus the Great?
A remarkable leader who united all of the Persians into a powerful kingdom, larger than any other
Where did the Persians conquer?
Babylonia, northern Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, Syria, Canaan, and Phonecian cities
How were the people treated when the Persians conquered them?
They were treated well and the Babylonians were allowed to return home
What was the road system of the Persians like?
1677 miles of road, stretched from Asia Minor to Susa, had stations for food, water, shelter, and fresh horses to the king's messengers, one week to get from one end to the other, named the Royal Road
Who were the first people to have a coin system? What was it like?
Persians, standard unit of measurement
When did Darius come to power?
What was Darius' empire like?
20 provinces called satrapies, each governed by a satrap who collected taxes, acted as judges, chief of police, head recruiter for army, and answered to the Persian king
Key things about Darius' army?
King's power depended on the army, it was large and strong, professional, paid, full-time, 10,000 specially trained to guard king (called immortals - replaced as soon as died)
Define the religion under Darius' rule
Zoroastranism after Zoroaster who was born in 600 BCE who began preaching after seeing visions as a young man. Monotheistic. Recognized the evil in the world and recognized people had a choice. This religion was practiced for centuries.