Art Appreciation

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AshCopper
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197223
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Art Appreciation
Updated:
2013-03-11 18:37:26
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Art Exam
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Ch. 1,2,3, & 13
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  1. A particular material, along with its accompanying technique.
    Medium (plural-media)
  2. People with little or no formal art education who make art
    Outsider/Folk Artist
  3. Suggest visual connections. Those that form geometric shapes can serve as an underlying organizational structure
    Implied Lines
  4. Any two dimensional area defined by lines or changes in value or color
    Shape
  5. Tend to be precise and regular. Examples are circles, triangles, and squares
    Geometric Shapes
  6. Irregular, often curving or rounded, and seem relaxed and more informal than geometric shapes .. shapes based on natural forms
    Organic Shapes/Biomorphic
  7. The two dimensional picture surface
    Picture Plane
  8. Seperate shapes that seem to lie above a background or ground
    Figure
  9. A figure or foreground shape, as opposed to a negative ground or background shape
    Positive Shapes
  10. The background in two dimensional works. The area around and between figures
    Ground
  11. A background or ground shape seen in relation to foreground or figure shapes
    Negative Shapes
  12. A visual effect in which what was seen as a positive shape becomes a negative shape, and vice versa
    Figure-Ground Reversal
  13. A three dimensional area
    Mass
  14. When mass encloses space
    Volume
  15. Form that does not openly interact with the space around it
    Closed Form
  16. Three dimensional form that interacts with the space around it
    Open Form
  17. The object above seems farther away than the one below
    Vertical Placement
  18. The point on the horizon line at which lines or edges that are parallel  appear to converge
    Vanishing Point
  19. An imaginary plane parallel with the ground plane and extending to the horizon, where the eye level  and ground plane appear to converge
    Eye-Level/Horizon Line
  20. A single, fixed position or viewpoint
    Vantage Point
  21. A nonlinear means for giving an illusion of depth
    Atmospheric Perspective
  22. Art that incorporates actual movement as part of the design
    Kinetic Art
  23. Refers to the relative darkness or lightness of a surface
    Value/Tone
  24. Changes in value/tone can be used to suggest the way light reveals form and makes 2D work look 3D
    Chiaroscuro
  25. Representations of unabsorbed light wavelengths, often simply called colors
    Hues
  26. Having no color or hue; without identifiable hue; mostly blacks, whites, greys, and browns
    Achromatic/Neutrals
  27. Refers to the addition of black to a hue to make it darker in value
    Shade
  28. Refers to the addition of white to a hue to make it lighter in value
    Tint
  29. Refers to the purity of a hue. Pure hues are the brightest
    Intensity/Saturation
  30. Red, yellow, and blue. These Pigment hues cannot be produced by an intermixing of other hues
    Primary Hues
  31. Orange, green, and violet. The mixture of two primaries. These are placed on the color wheel between the two primaries of which they are composed
    Secondary Hue
  32. Red-orange, yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, and red-violet. Located between the primary and the secondary of which it is composed
    Intermediate Hues
  33. Variations in the value and intensity of a single hue
    Monochromatic
  34. Hues that lie next to eachother on the color wheel; often characterized on the basis of "temperature"
    Analogous
  35. Hues that lie opposite of one another on the color wheel; Thus creates a contrast that intensifies colors
    Complementary
  36. Closely resemble objects from the natural world, or in the case of figurative works, the human form
    Representational/Figurative
  37. What the work or the image in the work depicts
    Subjects/Subject Matter
  38. Works of art so carefully and skillfully modeled they seem to look real by illusion
    Trompe l'oeil
  39. Alters objects from the natural world to emphasize certain qualities or content.
    Abstract
  40. Does not refer to the natural world at all
    Nonrepresentational/Nonobjective
  41. What we see
    Form
  42. The meaning we get from what we see
    Content
  43. Refers to the symbolic meaning of signs, subject, and images
    Iconography
  44. The combining of parts or elements to form a whole; the structure, organization, or a total form of a work of art
    Composition
  45. The process of organizing visual elements and the product of that process
    Design
  46. The appearance or condition of oneness. Describes the feeling that all the elements in a work belong together and make up a coherent and harmonious whole
    Unity
  47. Acts to counter unity, provides diversity
    Variety
  48. Refers to a repetitive ordering of design elements
    Pattern
  49. The achievement of equilibrium, in which acting influences are held in check by opposing forces
    Balance
  50. The near or exact matching of left and right sides of a three-dimensional form or a two-dimensional composition  
    Symmetrical Balance
  51. The left and right sides are not the same, instead various elements are balanced, according to their size and meaning, around a felt or implied center of gravity
    Asymmetrical Balance
  52. A method an artist uses to draw attention to an area
    Emphasis
  53. The principal areaof emphasis in a work of art. The place to which the artist directs the most attention through composition
    Focal Point
  54. When an artist creates neutral areas of lesser interest that keep us from being distracted from the areas of emphasis
    Subordination
  55. Artists use this to influence the way we look at a work of art. They are "paths" for the eye to follow, provided by actual or implied lines
    Directional Forces
  56. The juxtaposition of strongly dissimilar elements
    Contrast
  57. Gives composition unity, continuity, flow, and emphasis. Example: Figure 3.16, Cranes.
    Repitition
  58. The regular or ordered repitition of dominant and subordinate elements or units within a design
    Rhythm
  59. The size relation of one thing to another
    Scale
  60. The size relationship of parts to a whole
    Proportion
  61. The shape or proportions of a picture plane. May be large or small, rectangular or oblong
    Format
  62. Refers to making discriminating judgements, bith favorable and unfavorable
    Art Criticism
  63. Focus attention on the composition of the work and how it may have been influenced by earlier works
    Formal Theory
  64. Consider art as a product of a culture and value system
    Contextual Theory
  65. Pay attention to the artist's expression  of a personality or a world-view
    Expressive Theory

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