17.2.3

Card Set Information

Author:
DesLee26
ID:
197253
Filename:
17.2.3
Updated:
2013-02-01 22:58:45
Tags:
HON 122
Folders:

Description:
The Eighteenth Century: An Age of Enlightenment
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user DesLee26 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Crime and Punishment
    hierarchy
    • a.      18th: hierarchy of courts to deal with crimes
    •                                                               i.      Except in England, judicial torture remained important means of obtaining evidence before a trial
    • 1.      Courts used racks, thumbscrews, etc. for confessions
  2. Crime and Punishment
    Punishments
    • a.      Punishments cruel and spectacular
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Public executions were traditional and regarded as necessary for deterring potential offenders in age when police too weak to capture criminals
    • 1.      Nobles= beheaded; lower class= torutured, broken on whell, or drawn and quartered
    • 2.      Death penalty for property crimes and violent offenses
    • a.      1800: more than 200 crimes were subject to death penalty in England 
  3. Crime and Punishment
    Forced Labor
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Besides executions, European states resorted to forced labor in mines, forts, and navies
    • 1.      Criminals in Engladn sent as indentured servants to colonies in New World and after American Revolution, to Australia
  4. Crime and Punishment
    Appalled
    •                                                               i.      Appalled by unjust laws and brutal punishments of times, some philosophes created new approach to justice
    • 1.      Cesare Beccaria: On Crimes and Punishments=  punishments shuld be deterrants, not brutal
    • a.      Also opposed to use of capital punishment
    • b.      Failed to stop others from committing crimes
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Imprisonment= bigger impression
    •                                                                                                                                     ii.      Capital punishment harmful due to barbarism
  5. Crime and Punishment
    End of 18th
    •                                                               i.      End of 18th: growing sentiment against executions and torture led to decline in both corporal and capital punishment
    • 1.      New prison, in which criminals placed in cells and subjected to discipline and regular work to rehabilitate them, replaced public spectacle of barbarous punishments

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview