Developmental Theories

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Developmental Theories
2013-02-01 23:55:50

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  1. Developmental theories
    • Biophysical development
    • Psychoanalytical/Psychosocial¬†
    • Cognitive development
    • Moral development
  2. Biophysical development
    • This theory looks at how the physical body grows and changes from infancy to adulthood, it describes the process of biological maturation
    • Gesell's theory of development
  3. Gesell's theory of development
    By observing children's behavior Gesell developed behavior "norms" in the areas of motor, language, adaptive, and personal-social
  4. Psychoanalytical/Psychosocial theories
    • Describes human behavior from the perspectives of personality, thinking, and behavior. (Looks at inner drives and motives that are unconscious, yet influence every aspect of our thinking and our behaviors)
    • Sigmund Freud
    • Erik Erikson
  5. Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytical model of personality development
    Includes 5 stages of psychosexual development and each stage is characterized by sexual pleasure in parts of the body: the mouth, anus, and genitals
  6. Erik Erikson's theory
    • Development occurs throughout a persons life span and focuses on psychosocial stages¬†
    • The theory states that individuals need to accomplish a particular developmental task before progressing to the next task,
    • Each stage builds upon the successful completion of the previous stage
  7. Cognitive developmental theories
    • Focus on how people learn to think and make sense of their individual worlds
    • Jean Piaget
    • Social cognitive theory
    • Adult cognitive theory
  8. Jean Piaget's theory
    5 periods of cognitive development from birth to adulthood moving from one stage to the next seeking a state of mental/cognitive balance
  9. Social cognitive theory
    Albert Bandura focused his study on behaviors and thought that occurred that modeling, which Bandura believed to be more than imitating behavior but choices that the individual makes to copy behavior
  10. Adult cognitive development
    • Theorist found that adults continue to learn and develop cognitively throughout adulthood and some adults may never develop the ability to have formal operational thoughts
    • Adults are able to see things in a variety of ways without seeing the variations as contradictions, they incorporate emotions, logic, practicality and flexibility when making decisions
  11. Moral developmental theories
    These theories look at changes in a persons thought, emotions, and behaviors that influence people's beliefs about what is right and wrong