APUSH Chapter 20

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APUSH Chapter 20
2013-02-02 12:00:01
AP US History

The Progressive Era
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  1. this factory kept doors locked to avoid theft trapping workers inside when a fire erupted; alerted reformers to the terrible conditions of industrial workers
    Triangle Shirtwaist Factory
  2. prominent black american, born into slavery, who believed that racism would end once blacks acquired useful labor skills and proved their economic value to society, was head of the tuskegee institute in 1881.
    Booker T. Washington
  3. founded in 1909 to improve living conditions for inner city blacks, evolved into a national organization dedicated to establishing equal legal rights for blacks.
    National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
  4. banker who buys out carnegie steel and renames it to u.s. steel. was a philanthropist in a way; he gave all the money needed for wwi and was payed back. was one of the "robber barons"
    J.P Morgan
  5. the movement in the late 1800s to increase democracy in america by curbing the power of the corporation. it fought to end corruption in government and business, and worked to bring equal rights of women and other groups that had been left behind during the industrial revolution.
  6. 1860-1935. founder of settlement house movement. first american woman to earn nobel peace prize in 1931 as president of women's intentional league for peace and freedom. Daycare, teaching.
    Jane Addams
  7. movement led by washington gladden - taught religion and human dignity would help the middle class over come problems of industrialization
    Social Gospel
  8. a journalist who wrote about environmental, social, and political problems americans faced in the early 1900's
  9. a leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corruption of the oil industry with her 1904 work a history of standard oil.
    Ida Tarbell
  10. head of the national woman's party that campaigned for an equal rights amendment to the constitution. she opposed legislation protecting women workers because such laws implied women's inferiority. most condemned her way of thinking.
    Alice Paul
  11. doctor who taught anatomy at harvard medical school, a prominent poet, essayist, novelist, lecturer, and wit.  and a fascinating conversationalist, who regarded boston as "the hub of the universe."
    Oliver Wendell Holmes
  12. a women's suffrage leader, she was twice the president of the nawsa she was one of the main people attributed to woman's suffrage.
    Carrie Chapman Catt
  13. this 1906 work by upton sinclair pointed out the abuses of the meat packing industry. the book led to the passage of the 1906 meat inspection act.
    The Jungle
  14. 27th us president, took over presidency after theodore roosevelt, strengthened icc, trust buster
    William H. Taft
  15. established to preserve competition by preventing unfair business practices and investigates complaints against companies
    Federal Trade Commison
  16. lengthened the sherman anti-trust act's list of practices that were objectable, exempted labor unions from being called trusts, and legalized strikes and peaceful picketing by labor unions
    Clayton Antitrust Act (1914)
  17. 26th president, known for: conservationism, trust-busting, hepburn act, safe food regulations, "square deal," panama canal, great white fleet, nobel peace prize for negotiation of peace in russo-japanese war
    Theodore Roosevelt
  18. a great debater and political leader who believed in libertarian reforms, he was a major leader of the progressive movement from wisconsin.
    Robert M. LaFollette
  19. 1st black to earn ph.d. from harvard, encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create naacp in 1910. Helped found the Niagara movement
    W.E. B. DuBois
  20. a federal law that committed the american government to opposing monopolies, it prohibits contracts, combinations and conspiracies in restraint of trade.
    Sherman Antitrust Act (1890)
  21. pushed for by roosevelt, his conservationist ideals wanted to keep land and regulate them for use and established tons of national parks and wildlife reserves
    Public Lands Commission (1903)
  22. This act re-imposed the federal income tax following the ratification of the sixteenth amendment and lowered basic tariff rates from 40% to 25%. it was signed into law by president woodrow wilson.
    Underwood Tariff Act (1913)