CONCEPTS CHAP 4

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sandovalfj
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197382
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CONCEPTS CHAP 4
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2013-02-11 23:05:59
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CONCEPTS CHAP 4
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  1. LAST COMMON ANCESTOR
    ALL MODERN DAY EUKARYOTES AND PROKARYOTES EVOLVED FROM THIS PROKARYOTIC ORGANISM
  2. HOW DID COMPLEX MULTICELLULAR ORGANISMS EVOLVE
    THOUGH ENDOSYMBIOSIS
  3. WHAT IS THE ENDOSYMBIOSIS THEORY
    MORE COMPLEX CELL TYPE MOST LIKELY EMERGED WHEN A LAST COMMON ANCESTOR CELL ENGULFED SMALL PROKARYOTIC CELLS AND COEXISTED WITH THEM
  4. WHAT IS THE EVIDENCE THAT SUPPORTS THE ENDOSYMBIOSIS THEORY
    CONTAINS A CIRCULAR CHROMOSOME

    CAPABLE OF INDEPENDENT DIVISION

    CONTAINS PROKARYOTIC RIBOSOMES

    HAVE BACTERIAL MEMBRANES THAT ARE INHIBITED BY DRUGS THAT ONLY AFFECT BACTERIA
  5. FUNCTION OF A NUCLEUS
    CONTROLS THE CONSTANT ON GOINGS OF THE CELL  IE: DIGESTION, RESPIRATION, ABSORPTION.  CONTAINS DNA
  6. FUNCTION OF NUCLEOLUS
    SITE OF RIBOSOMAL RNA SYNTHESIS AND COLLECTION AREA FOR RIBOSOMAL SUB UNITS
  7. FUNCTION OF ROUGH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
    SITE OF PROTEIN SYNTHESIS, TRANSPORT AND STORAGE RIBOSOMES ARE ATTACHED TO ITS SURFACE
  8. FUNCTION OF SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
    SITE OF LIPID STORAGE AND TRANSPORT AND NUTRIENT PROCESSING
  9. FUNCTION OF GOLGI APPARATUS
    SITE OF FINAL PROTEIN MODIFICATION AND SHIPPING OF THEM TO FINAL DESTINATIONS
  10. FUNCTION OF MITOCHONDRION
    POWER HOUSE OF THE CELL   SITE OF ENERGY PRODUCTION
  11. FUNCTION OF CHLOROPLAST
    FOUND IN  ALGAE AND PLANT CELLS  CONVERT SUNLIGHT INTO ENERGY THROUGH PHOTOSYNTHESIS  BI-PRODUCT IS O2 GAS
  12. FUNCTION OF LYSOSOME
    USED IN DIGESTION OF FOOD PARTICLES, AND FOR PROTECTION OF CELL   GETS RID OF LARGE PARTICLE   CLEAN UP THROUGH PHAGOCYTOSIS
  13. MAKE UP AND FUNCTION OF EUKARYOTIC FLAGELLUM
    COVERED BY AN EXTENSION OF THE CELL MEMBRANE USUALLY LONG AND FEW IN NUMBER. FUNCTION - MOTILITY
  14. MAKE UP AND FUNCTION OF CILIA
    SMALLER MORE NUMEROUS USED FOR MOTILITY
  15. MAKE UP AND FUNCTION OF GLYCOCALYX
    OUTERMOST LAYER THAT IS IN DIRECT CONTACT WITH THE ENVIRONMENT  COMPOSED OF POLYSACCHARIDES APPEARS AS A NETWORK OF FIBERS, SLIME SLAYER  CONTRIBUTES TO PROTECTION, ADHERENCE TO CELLS, RECEIVES SIGNALS FROM OTHER CELLS
  16. WHAT IS ENCYSTMENT AND WHAT TRIGGERS IT
    RESTING OR DORMANT STAGE THAT BACTERIA, PROTOZOA, AND SOME HELMINTHES USE IN ORDER TO SURVIVE HARSH ENVIRONMENT
  17. HOW DO PROTOZOA REPRODUCE
    MITOTIC CELL DIVISION- CELL SPLITS IN TWO SAME # OF CHROMOSOMES

    MULTIPLE FISSION- CELL DIVIDES INTERNALLY MULTIPLE TIMES AND THEN RELEASE WHEN IT REACHES A CERTAIN #
  18. HOW DO CILIATES REPRODUCE
    CONJUGATION- 2 CELLS TEMPORAILY FUSE AND EXCHANGE MICRONUCLEI
  19. WHAT IS THE PHYLUM OF FLATWORMS
    PLATYHELMINTHES
  20. WHAT IS THE PHYLUM OF ROUNDWORMS
    ASCHELMINTHES
  21. WHAT WORMS ARE NEMATODES
    PINWORMS, RIVER BLINDNESS, HOOK WORMS, TRICHNIA WORMS
  22. WHAT WORMS ARE TREAMTODES
    TYPES OF FLATWORMS- BLOOD AND LIVER FLUKE, FLAT OVOID BODIES
  23. WHAT WORMS ARE CESTODES
    TAPEWORMS, RIBBONLIKE
  24. GENERAL MORPHOLOGY OF WORMS
    ALL HELMINTHES ARE MULTICELLULAR, MORE DEVELOPED REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS LESS DEVELOPED DIGESTIVE, EXCRETORY, NERVOUS AND MUSCULAR SYSTEMS
  25. TYPICAL PARASITIC WORM LIFE CYCLE   PINWORM
  26. SOME FUNGI CAN REPRODUCE SEXUALLY OR ASEXUALLY THROUGH...
    FUSSION OF HYPHAE
  27. HOW IS CYST STATE DIFFERENT FROM TROPHOZOITE STATE
    CYST-HIBERNATING STATE

    TROPHOZOITE- FEEDING, MOTILITY STATE  NEEDS LOTS OF WATER AND FOOD
  28. HOW DO FUNGAL CELLS ACQUIRE NUTRIENTS FORM ENVIRONMENT
    HETEROPHIC, SAPROBIC, PARASITIC

    FUNGUS PENETRATES THE SUBSTRATE AND SECRETES ENZYMES THAT REDUCE IT TO SMALL MOLECULES THAT CAN BE ABSORBED BY CELLS
  29. WHAT ARE VEGETATIVE HYPHAE
    RESPONSIBLE FOR VISIBLE MASS OF GROWTH
  30. WHAT ARE REPRODUCTIVE HYPHAE
    HYPHAE THAT PRODUCE SPORES
  31. BENEFICIAL ROLES OF FUNGI
    ESSENTIAL IN DECOMP OF ORGANIC MATTER

    FORM STABLE ASSOCIATIONS WITH PLANT ROOTS AND INCREASE ABILITY TO ABSORB WATER AND NUTRIENTS

    FOR FLAVORING

    SOME PRODUCE LARGE QTYS OF ANTIBIOTICS, ALCOHOL, ORGANIC ACIDS, AND VITAMINS
  32. ARE YEASTS UNICELLULAR
    YES ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION
  33. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF RIBOSOME
    INVOLVED IN PROTEIN SYNTHESIS LARGE AND SMALL SUBUNITS OF RIBONUCLEOPROTEINS
  34. WHICH EUKARYOTES  DON'T HAVE A CELL WALL
    • PROTOZOA
    • FEW ALGAE
    • ALL ANIMAL CELLS
  35. WHICH EUKARYOTES HAVE A CELL WALL
    • FUNGI
    • MOST ALGAE

    • HAVE THICK RIGID CELL WALL
    • POLYSACCHARIDE FIBERS COMPOSED OF CHITIN OR CELLULOSE
  36. DESCRIBE ENDOCYTOSIS AND THE ROLE OF LYSOSOMES
  37. DESCRIBE THE PROCESS OF  PROTEIN TRANSPORT IN THE EUKARYOTIC CELL

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