Final Vocab Test Units 13-15

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Anonymous
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Final Vocab Test Units 13-15
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2013-02-02 21:01:01
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English Vocab
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  1. abet
    v. to encourage, assist, aid support (especially in something wrong or unworthy)

    ant. hamper, hinder, impede, frustrate
  2. aver
    • v. to affirm, declare confidently
    • syn. assert, asseverate, a vouch
    • ant. deny, disavow, repudiate, disclaim
  3. blatant
    • adj. noisy in a coarse, offensive way; obvious or conspicuous, especially in an unfavorable sense.
    • syn. flagrant, glaring, egregious, disagreeably loud
    • ant. inconsequential, trifiling, piddling, petty
  4. broach
    v. to bring up or begin to talk about (a subject), to announce, introduce, to break the surface of the water, to turn sideways to the wind and waves, to pierce (key or cask) in order to draw off liquid; n. a spite of roasting, a tool for tapping casks
  5. buttress
    • v. to support, to prop up, strengthen; n.  a supporting structure
    • syn. v. bolster, reinforce, brace, shore up
    • ant. v. undermine, weaken, impair
  6. carousal
    • n. noisy revelry or merrymaking (often with a suggestion of heavy drinking)
    • syn.drinking bout, drunken revel, binge
  7. collate
    • v. to compare critically in order to note differences, similarities, etc. to arrange in order for some specific purpose
    • syn. sort out, cross-check, rearrange 
  8. connoisseur
    • n. an expert, one who is well qualified to pass critical judgments, especially one in fine arts
    • syn. authority, savant, pundit
    • ant. ignoramus, philistine, yahoo
  9. disconsolate
    • adj. deeply unhappy or dejected, without hope, beyond consolation
    • syn. grief-stricken, inconsolable, comfortless
    • ant. cheerful, blithe, buoyant, jaunty
  10. encumber
    • v. to weigh down or burden (with difficulties, cares, debt, etc.)to fill up , block up, hinder
    • syn. overload, saddle, hamper, clog
    • ant. unburden, unload, relieve
  11. foment
    • v. to promote trouble, or rebellion; to apply warm liquids to, warm
    • syn. instigate, incite, stir up
    • ant. quell, quash, squelch, suppress
  12. grisly
    • adj. frightful, horrible, ghastly
    • syn. gruesome, gory, hideous
    • ant. pleasant, delightful, attractive
  13. herculean
    • adj. H. relating to hercules, h. characterized by great strength, very hard to do in a sense of requiring unusual strength.
    • syn. mighty, powerful, arduous, onerous, colossal
    • ant. puny, Lilliputian, bantam
  14. impassive
    • adj. showing no feeling or emotion, inanimate, motionless
    • syn. emotionless, stoical, unemotional, insensible
    • ant. emotional, passionate, excitable
  15. inauspicious
    • adj. unfavorable, unlucky, suggesting bad luck for the future
    • syn. unpropitious, unpromising, untimely
    • ant. propitious, favorable
  16. incontrovertible
    • adj. unquestionable, beyond dispute
    • syn. incontestable, indisputable, indubitable
    • ant. debatable, dubious, open to question
  17. nonplussed
    • adj.,part.  puzzled, not knowing what to do, at a loss
    • syn. perplexed, baffled, stumped, flabbergasted
    • ant. poised, confident, assured
  18. opportune
    • adj. suitable or convenient for a particular purpose, occurring at an appropriate time
    • syn. timely, appropriate, felicitous
    • ant. untimely, inconvenient, inappropiate
  19. prolific
    • adj.abundantly productive, abundant, profuse
    • syn. fruitful, fecund, proliferous
    • ant. barren, unproductive, sterile, sparse
  20. rejoinder
    • n. a reply to a reply, especially from the defendant in a legal suit
    • syn. answer, reply, response, riposte, retort
  21. amenable
    • adj. willing to follow advice or authority, tractable, submissive, responsive, liable to be held responsible
    • syn. agreeable, compliant, docile
    • ant. unresponsive, resistant, recalcitrant
  22. berate
    • v. to scold sharply
    • syn. chide, rebuke, reprove, reprimand
    • ant. praise, compliment, pat on the back
  23. carnage
    • n. large-scale slaughter or loss of life
    • syn. butchery, bloodbath, massacre
  24. credulous
    • adj. too ready to believe, easily deceived
    • syn. gullible
    • ant.dubious, skeptical
  25. criterion
    • n. a rule, test, a standard for judgment or evaluation
    • syn. yardstick, touchstone, gauge, canon
  26. deplete
    • v. to use up as a result of spending or consumption, to diminish greatly
    • syn. exhaust, empty, drain, bankruptant.
    • ant. replenish, refill, resupply, restock
  27. expatiate
    • v. to expand on, write or talk at length or in detail to move about freely
    • syn. elaborate, enlarge, descant, wander, roam
    • ant. sketch roughly, summarize, condense, adumbrate
  28. extraneous
    • adj. coming from the outside, foreign, present but not essential, irrelevant
    • syn. incidental, extrinsic
    • ant. intrinsic, relevant, pertinent, germane
  29. inception
    • n. the beginning, start, earliest stage of some process, institution, etc. 
    • syn. commencement, inauguration, outset
    • ant. completion, conclusion, termination
  30. infirmity
    • n. a weakness or ailment (physical, mental, moral, etc.)
    • syn. affliction, malady, defect
  31. jejune
    • adj. lacking in nutritive value, lacking in interest or substance, immature, juvenile
    • syn. vapid, insipid, puerile, childish
    • ant. stimulating, mature
  32. obdurate
    • adj. stubborn, unyielding
    • syn. obstinate, adamant
    • ant. yielding, tractable, flexible
  33. potpourri
    • n. a collection of diverse or miscellaneous items, a general mixture, petals mixed with spices for scent
    • syn. hodgepodge, melange, farrago, medley
    • ant. homogenous or uniform group
  34. precocious
    • adj. showing unusually early development (especially in talents and mental capacity)
    • syn. forward, gifted, advanced
    • ant. backward, retarded, slow
  35. sadistic
    • adj. delighting in cruelty, excessively cruel
    • syn. brutal, vicious, inhuman, fiendish
    • ant. masochistic, clement, humane, merciful
  36. sententious
    • self-righteous, characterized by moralizing, given to use of maxims or adages, saying much in few words, pithy
    • syn. aphoristic, epigrammatic, moralistic
    • ant. discursive, diffuse, episodic
  37. supplicate
    • v. to beg earnestly and humbly
    • syn. plead, petition, implore, entreat
  38. surfeit
    • n. an excess or overindulgence, as in eating or drinking, causing disgust; v. to feed or supply with anything to excess
    • syn. n. excess, glut; v. cloy, satiate
    • ant. n. dearth, paucity, lack
  39. tortuous
    • adj. winding, twisted, crooked; highly involved, complex; devious
    • syn. circuitous, serpentine, labyrinthine
    • ant. direct, straight, straightforward
  40. turgid
    • adj. swollen, bloated, filled to excess, overdecorated or excessive in language
    • syn. inflated, pompous, bombastic, overblown
    • ant. muted, understated, unadorned, austere
  41. adamant
    adj. firm in purpose or opinion, unyielding, obdurate

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