Random Pathologies

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Author:
LittJenjen1
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197509
Filename:
Random Pathologies
Updated:
2013-02-03 13:12:08
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Pathologies PTA
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Description:
Pathologies for PTA, LaGuardia Community College
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  1. sign and Symptoms of . . .
                                   MI
  2. •Severe substernal chest pain or
    squeezing pressure

    •Pain possibly
    radiating down both arms

    •Feeling of
    indigestion

    •Angina lasting 30
    minutes or more

    •Angina unrelieved by
    rest or nitroglycerin

    •Pain of infarct
    unrelieved by a change in position

    •Nausea

    •Pallor

    •Diaphoresis

    •Shortness of breath

    •Weakness, numbness,
    feeling of faintness
                                   MI
  3. •Grippin, viselike feeling of
    pain or pressure behind the breast bone

    •Pain
    that may radiate to the neck, jaw, back, shoulder, or arms (mostly left)

    •Dyspnea

    •Exercise
    intolerance

    •Nausea

    •Belching

    •In
    women:

    –prolonged
    and repeated palpitations without chest pain

    –left
    chest pain in absence of substernal chest pain

    –Extreme
    fatigue, lethargy, and weakness

    –Isolated
    midthoracic back pain

    –Heartburn
    unrelieved by antacids

    –Shortness
    of breath occurring at night
    •                          
    •                             Angina
    •                           Pectoris
  4. Signs and Symptoms of Left-Sided
    Heart Failure
    are. . .
    • Fatigue and dyspnea after mild physical
    • exertion or exercise

    • •Persistent spasmodic
    • cough, especially when lying down, while fluid moves from the extremities to
    • the lungs

    •Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (night)

    • •Orthopnea (must be upright to
    • breathe)

    •Tachycardia

    • •Fatigue and muscle
    • weakness

    • •Edema (legs and
    • ankles) and weight gain

    • •Irritability/
    • restlessness

    • Decreased renal
    • function or frequent urination at night
  5. Signs and Symptoms of Right-Sided Heart Failure
    •Increased fatigue

    • •Dependent edema
    • (usually beginning in ankles)

    • •Pitting edema (after
    • 5-10 pounds of edema accumulate)

    • •Edema in the sacral
    • area or the back of the thighs

    • •Right upper quadrant
    • pain

    • Cyanosis of the nail
    • beds
  6. Sings and Symptoms of Endocarditis are. . .
    •Dyspnea, chest pain

    • •Cold
    • and painful extremities

    • •Petechiae/ splinter
    • hemorrhages

    • •Musculoskeletal
    • symptoms

    •Myalgias

    •Arthralgias

    • •Low
    • back/ sacroiliac pain

    •Arthritis
  7. Name this pathology
    •Dyspnea, chest pain

    •Coldand painful extremities

    •Petechiae/ splinterhemorrhages

    •Myalgias

    •Arthralgias
                          Endocarditis
  8. Name this pathology . . .
    •Occipital
    headache

    •Vertigo
    (dizziness)

    •Flushed
    face

    •Spontaneous
    epistaxis

    •Vision
    changes

    •Nocturnal
    urinary frequency

                            HTN
  9. Describe the symptoms of HTN
    • •Occipital
    • headache

    • •Vertigo
    • (dizziness)

    • •Flushed
    • face

    • •Spontaneous
    • epistaxis

    • •Vision
    • changes

    • •Nocturnal
    • urinary frequency
  10. Name this pathology . . .
    •Slurred
    speech or sudden difficulty with speech

    Temporary
    blindness or other dramatic visual changes

    •Paralysis
    or extreme weakness, usually affecting one side of the body
    TIA
  11. Describe the symptoms of TIA
    • •Slurred
    • speech or sudden difficulty with speech

    • Temporary
    • blindness or other dramatic visual changes

    • •Paralysis
    • or extreme weakness, usually affecting one side of the body
  12. Name that pathology. . .
    •Lightheadedness,
    dizziness

    •Syncope
    or fainting

    •Mental
    or visual blurring

    •Sense
    of weakness (“rubbery legs”)
    •                          Orthostatic
    •                         Hypotension
  13. Signs and symptoms of Orthostatic
    Hypotension
    •Syncope or fainting

    •Lightheadedness,dizziness

    •Mentalor visual blurring

    •Senseof weakness (“rubbery legs”)
  14. Name that pathology
    •Reduced chest expansion

    • •Persistent cough with
    • production of sputum (worse in morning and evening than at midday)
    • •Wheezing

    •Fever

    •Cyanosis

    • •Dyspnea
    • •Decreased exercise
    • tolerance
  15. Describe the symptoms of Chronic
    Bronchitis. . .
    •Reduced chest expansion

    •Persistent cough with production of sputum (worse in morning and evening than at midday)

    •Cyanosis

    •Dyspnea


    •Wheezing

    •Fever

    •Decreased exercise tolerance
  16. Name this pathology

    •Prolonged expiratory
    period
    •Use of accessory
    muscles of respiration
    •Dyspnea on exertion
    •Barrel chest
    •Prolonged expiratory period
    •Increased respiratoryrate
    •Pursed-lip breathing


  17. Common Signs and Symptoms of Asthma . . . 
    •Wheezing

    •Irregular breathing with prolonged expiration

    •Noisy, difficult breathing

    •Episodes of dyspnea

    • •Cough with or without sputum production, especially in the absence of a cold and/or
    • occurring 5 to 10 minutes after exercise

    •Nostrils flaring

    •Pursed-lip breathing
  18. Name this Pathology

    •Sudden and sharp pleuritic chest pain that is aggravated by chest movement

    Hacking,productive cough (rust-colored or green, purulent sputum)

    •Generalized
    aches and myalgia that may extend to
    the thighs and calves

    •Knees
    may be painful and swollen

    •Fatigue

    •Cyanosis

    •Headache

    •Fever
    and chills

    •Shoulder
    pain
    PNA
  19. Name this pathology . . .

    •dyspnea
    •fatigue
    •Malaise
    •Anorexia
    •Weight loss
    •Night sweats
    •Frequent productive
    cough
    •Dull chest pain,
    lightness, or discomfort

    •Low-grade fevers(especially in the late afternoon)

    TB
  20. describe the symptoms of TB
    • Anorexia
    • •Weight loss
    • •Night sweats
    • •Frequent productivecough
    • •Dull chest pain,lightness, or discomfort
    • •Low-grade fevers(especially in the late afternoon)
    • •dyspnea
    • •fatigue
    • •Malaise
  21. Name that pathology . . .
    •Persistent
    coughing and wheezing

    •Recurrent
    pneumonia

    •Excessive
    appetite but poor weight gain

    •Salty
    skin/sweat

    •Bulky,
    foul-smelling stools (undigested fats caused by a lack of amylase and tryptase enzymes)

                                      CF
  22. Describe Signs and symptoms of DVT
    • •Unilateral
    • tenderness or leg pain

    • •Unilateral
    • swelling (difference in leg circumference)

    •Warmth

    • •Positive
    • Homan’s sign

    •Discoloration
  23. Name that pathology . . .

    •Dyspnea

    •Pleuritic (sharp, localized)
    chest pain

    •Diffuse chest
    discomfort

    •Persistent cough

    •Hemoptysis

    •Apprehension,
    anxiety, restlessness

    •Tachypnea

    •Tachycardia

    •Fever

                            PE
  24. Name this pathology :
    •Peripheral
    edema (bilateral legs)

    •Chronic
    cough

    •Central
    chest pain

    •Exertional dyspnea or dyspnea at rest

    •Distention
    of neck veins

    •Fatigue

    •Wheezing

    •Weakness

    Cor Pulmonale
  25. Name this pathology. . .

    •Vomiting

    •Anorexia

    •Weightloss

    •Heartburn” or epigastric pain aggravated by food (gastric ulcer); relieved by food, antacids (duodenal ulcer)

    •Night
    pain

    •Radiating
    back pain

    •Stomach
    pain

    •Right
    shoulder pain (rare)

    •Lightheadedness
    or fainting

    •Nausea

    •Bloody
    stools

    •Black,
    tarry stools
    Peptic Ulcer (Gastric Ulcer)
  26. Name this pathology in the image below
    Peptic Ulcer
  27. What are the signs and symptoms of Peptic Ulcer (Gastric Ulcer)
    • •“Heartburn”
    • or epigastric pain aggravated by
    • food (gastric ulcer); relieved by food, antacids (duodenal ulcer)

    • •Night
    • pain

    • •Stomach
    • pain

    • •Lightheadedness
    • or fainting

    •Nausea

    •Vomiting

    •Anorexia

    • •Weight
    • loss

    • •Bloody
    • stools

    • •Black,
    • tarry stools
  28. What are the Signs and Symptoms for Appendictis. . .
    •Periumbilical and/or epigastric pain

    • •Right lower quadrant
    • or flank pain

    • •Right thigh or
    • testicle pain

    • •Abdominal muscular
    • rigidity

    •Positive McBurney’s point

    • •Rebound tenderness
    • (peritonitis)

    •Nausea and vomiting

    •Anorexia

    • •Dysuria (painful/difficult
    • urination)

    •Low-grade fever

    • •Coated tongue and bad
    • breath
  29. Name this pathology . . . .
    •Periumbilical and/or epigastric pain

    •Right lower quadrant
    or flank pain

    •Right thigh or
    testicle pain

    •Abdominal muscular
    rigidity

    •Positive McBurney’s point

    •Rebound tenderness
    (peritonitis)

    •Nausea and vomiting

    •Anorexia

    •Dysuria (painful/difficult
    urination)

    •Low-grade fever

    •Coated tongue and bad
    breath
                         Appendictis
  30. What are the symptoms of Appendictis
    •Periumbilical and/or epigastric pain

    •Right lower quadrant or flank pain

    •Right thigh or testicle pain

    •Abdominal muscular rigidity

    •Positive McBurney’s point

    • •Rebound tenderness
    • (peritonitis)

    •Nausea and vomiting

    •Anorexia

    •Dysuria (painful/difficult urination)

    •Low-grade fever
  31. Name the pathology for the image below


    What is the surgery called?
    Appendicitis

    Surgery: Appendectomy
  32. Describe the signs and symptoms a patient with an acute pancreatitis. . .
    Fever;sweating; Nausea; Vomiting; Tachycardia;Tachypnea ;Low Blood Pressure

    Left Upper or /Middle Abdomen pain

    Epigastric Pain radiating down the back and shoulder blade

    Worse laying in supine

    • Presenting as if they're ill.
    • (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001332/)
  33. These signs and symptoms are from. . .
    •Diarrhea

    •Constipation

    •Fever

    •Abdominal pain

    •Night Rectal bleeding

    •Decreased appetite, nausea, weight loss

    •Skin lesions

    •Uveitis (inflammation of the eye)

    •Arthritis

    •Migratory arthralgias

    • Fatigue and Weakness
    Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis
  34. What are the signs and symptoms of Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis
    •Diarrhea •Constipation •Fever •Abdominal pain •Night Rectal bleeding •Decreased appetite, nausea, weight loss •Skin lesions •Uveitis (inflammation of the eye) •Arthritis •Migratory arthralgias • Fatigue and Weakness
  35. These symptoms represent what pathology?

    •Painful
    abdominal cramps

    •Constipation

    •Diarrhea

    •Nausea
    and vomiting

    •Anorexia

    •Flatulence
    •                           IBS
    •               Irritable Bowel Syndrome

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