Pharmacology- Exam 1
Card Set Information
Pharmacology- Exam 1
Name seven drug sources.
5.) Recombinant DNA
What are the four components of a drug regimen?
Name some influences on the route of administration.
onset of action
behavior of animal
nature of condition being treated
True/False: Oral administration is not suitable when patient has vomitting or diarhhea.
True/False: Oral meds provide slower absorption and have a longer effect.
Degree to which the drug produces it's desired response.
Name the five rights of drug administration be the technician.
True/False: Intracelllar fluids make up 2/3 of bodily fluids.
What are the three minerals in the intracellular space?
potassium, magnesium, phosphate
Where are some places extracellular fluid is found?
What are the three minerals that are found in the extracellular space?
Which type of fluid causes no change in cell size or water concentration?
(this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
Name two examples of common isotonic fluids in a veterinary clinic.
Up to what hydration status should you administer isotonic fluids?
10% or less
Which type of fluids should be used in very dehydrated or hemmoraging animals?
What are two examples of common Hypertonic fluids?
Which type of fluids causes water to move out of the cells and into the extracellular fluid?
Is edema more common in the intracellular or extracellular space?
Ascities can be caused by what?
Decreased plasma proteins due to liver failure, starvation or parasites.
What do balanced fluids refer to?
Fluids that resemble ECF in composition.
What are some examples of balanced fluids?
Lactated Ringers Soln
(these fluids also happen to be isotonic)
True/False: Hypertonic fluids can shift from ECF to ICF.
What are the three factors used to calculate daily fluid replacement?
Maintenance/ fluid intake
True/False: 1 Liter is approximately equal to 1 Kg.
What is the rule of thumb for daily maintenance?
For more severe fluid loss, and to deliver fluids quiclkly which route should be used?
True/False: Hypertonic solutions can be given SC.
Where can Intraosseous fluids be given?
Femur, humerus, ileum
How many gtt/mL in a macrodrip set?
How many gtt/mL in a microdrip set?
What physical signs should be monitored during fluid replacement?
0.9% Nacl, LRS, 5% Dextrose are examples of what type of soln?
When a drug stock concentration is expressed as a percentage, how do you convert to mg/mL?
Add a 0.
: 5%= 50mg/mL
What is the main difference between LRS and Normasol?
Normasol is calcium free and also has a dual buffering system.
Fluids that contain very large particles that stay in the vascular system are called what?
What are some fluid additives?
KCL- Potassium Chloride
When is oral electrolyte replacement used?
Mild to moderate dehydration
Some glucose for caloric supplementation.
Name functions of the circulatory system.
Transports nutrients to tissue
Transport waste products away
Maintenance of tissue enviroment
Name the parts of the circulatory system in order of bloodflow to tissue.
Which part of the circulatory system can close down or expand to alter bloodflow?
Freely, as wanted
Twice a day
Every other day
Every 4 hours
Every 6 hours
4 times a day
once a day
subjective, objective, assessment, plan
Three times a day