Anatomy II Exam 6

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studytaz
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Anatomy II Exam 6
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2013-02-04 14:42:35
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Arteries Head Neck
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Anatomy II Exam 6 Arteries of Head and Neck & All Arteriology Review
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  1. Branches of the External Carotid artery (8)
    • 1. Superior Thyroid Artery
    • 2. Lingual Artery
    • 3. Facial Artery
    • 4. Occipital Artery
    • 5. Posterior Auricular Artery
    • 6. Ascending Pharyngeal Artery
    • 7. Superficial Temporal Artery
    • 8. Maxillary Artery
  2. The common carotid arteries extend up the neck to a point just below the level of the jaw-line where each bifurcates into the corresponding
    • 1. internal carotid artery
    • 2. external carotid artery
  3. provides the blood supply to structures of the neck and head which, in general, lie outside of the cranium
    external carotid artery
  4. provides the blood supply to the brain (within the cranial cavity) and the eyes
    internal carotid artery
  5. eight (8) branches serving the neck and outside of the skull
    external carotid artery
  6. provides the blood supply to the superior portion of the thyroid gland.
    superior thyroid artery
  7. supplies blood to the tongue
    lingual artery
  8. provides the blood supply to most of the face
    facial artery
  9. branches of the facial artery (4)
    • 1. mental artery
    • 2. superior labial artery
    • 3. inferior labial artery
    • 4. nasal artery
  10. provides the blood supply to the chin
    mental artery
  11. provides the blood supply to the upper lip
    superior labial artery
  12. provides the blood supply to the lower lip
    inferior labial artery
  13. provides the blood supply to the area around the nose
    nasal artery
  14. provides the blood supply to the scalp at the back of the skull
    occipital artery
  15. provides the blood supply to the area of scalp directly behind each ear
    posterior auricular artery
  16. provides the blood supply to the pharynx (the throat area directly behind the mouth)
    ascending pharyngeal artery
  17. provides the blood supply to the bones of the jaw and roof of the mouth
    maxillary artery
  18. the terminal continuation of the external carotid artery, provides the blood supply to the region of the scalp just anterior to the ear
    superficial temporal artery
  19. branch of the common carotid artery which provides the blood supply to those areas of the head which are located primarily inside of the cranial cavity, and to the eye
    internal carotid artery
  20. There are four major branches of the internal carotid artery.
    • 1. ophthalmic artery
    • 2. anterior cerebral artery
    • 3. posterior communicating artery
    • 4. middle cerebral artery
  21. provides the blood supply to the eye
    ophthalmic artery
  22. branches which are part of the Circle of Willis (or the cerebral arterial circle)
    • 1. anterior cerebral artery
    • 2. posterior communicating artery
  23. along with the anterior cerebral, is a terminal branch of the internal carotid artery providing the blood supply up the side of the brain
    middle cerebral artery
  24. where the arteries providing the blood supply to the brain anastomose, providing multiple sources of blood supply to this vital organ
    cerebral arterial circle (or the Circle of Willis)
  25. There are four major arteries which direct blood toward the brain.
    • 1. right internal carotid artery
    • 2. left internal carotid artery
    • 3. right vertebral artery
    • 4. left vertebral artery
  26. The two vertebral arteries unite after they enter the cranial cavity to become
    the basilar artery
  27. feeds into the Circle of Willis by bifurcating into the right and left posterior cerebral arteries
    basilar artery
  28. generally considered to be made up of nine (9) arteries
    Circle of Willis
  29. nine (9) arteries of the Circle of Willis
    • 1. right internal carotid artery
    • 2. left internal carotid artery
    • 3. anterior communicating artery
    • 4. right anterior cerebral artery
    • 5. left anterior cerebral artery
    • 6. right posterior cerebral artery
    • 7. left posterior cerebral artery
    • 8. right posterior communicating artery
    • 9. left posterior communicating artery
  30. serves to link the right and left anterior cerebral arteries
    anterior communicating artery
  31. link the internal carotid artery to the corresponding posterior cerebral artery
    right and left posterior communicating arteries
  32. Some may include ___ ________ ________ as part of the Circle of Willis. If this is done there would be ten arteries in the make-up of the cerebral arterial circle.
    the basilar artery
  33. the smallest named artery of the body
    Anterior Communicating Artery
  34. pass through the floor of the cranium
    R & L Internal Carotid A
  35. Formed from the union of the Rt & Lt Vertebral Aa.
    Basilar Artery
  36. the continuation (branches) of the Internal Carotid Aa
    Rt & Lt Middle Cerebral Aa.
  37. These vessels are NEVER considered part of the Circle of Willis (2 sets)
    • 1. Rt & Lt Middle Cerebral Aa.
    • 2. Rt & Lt Vertebral Aa.
  38. List the branches of the Arch of the Aorta in order:
    • 1. Brachiocephalic
    • 2. Lt Common Carotid
    • 3. Lt Subclavian
  39. Branch of the Arch of Aorta – Providing blood supply to Left Side of Head & Neck:
    Lt Common Carotid
  40. Branch of the Arch of Aorta – Providing blood supply to Right Side of Head & Neck:
    • Brachiocephalic
    • Innominate
  41. Branch of the Innominate Artery – Providing blood supply to Right Side of Head & Neck:
    Kt Common Carotid
  42. Branch of the Common Carotid Artery – Providing blood supply to structures within the cranium:
    Internal Carotid
  43. Branch of the Common Carotid Artery – Providing blood supply to structures outside the cranium:
    External Carotid
  44. Eight Branches of the External Carotid Artery:
    • 1. Superior Thyroid
    • 2. Lingual
    • 3. Facial
    • 4. Occipital
    • 5. Posterior Auricular
    • 6. Ascending Pharyngeal
    • 7. Superior Temporal
    • 8. Maxillary
  45. Branch of the External Carotid Artery – Providing blood supply to the tongue:
    Lingual
  46. Branch of the External Carotid Artery – Providing blood supply to the throat:
    Ascending Pharyngeal
  47. Branch of the External Carotid Artery – Providing blood supply to the face:
    Facial
  48. Branch of the External Carotid Artery – Providing blood supply to the scalp immediately behind the ear:
    Posterior Auricular
  49. Branch of the External Carotid Artery – Providing blood supply to the thyroid gland:
    Superior Thyroid
  50. Branch of the External Carotid Artery – Providing blood supply to the scalp at the back of the skull:
    Occipital
  51. Branch of the External Carotid Artery – Providing blood supply to the bones of the jaw and the roof of the mouth:
    Maxillary
  52. Branch of the External Carotid Artery – Providing blood supply to the scalp on the side of the head anterior to the ears:
    Superficial Temporal
  53. Branch of the Internal Carotid Artery – Providing blood supply to the eyes:
    Opthalmic
  54. Branch of the Internal Carotid Artery – Providing blood supply to the anterior portion of the brain:
    Anterior Cerebral
  55. Branch of the Internal Carotid Artery – Which connects the Internal Carotid Artery with the Posterior Cerebral Artery:
    R & L Posterior Communicating Aa
  56. Terminal continuation of the Internal Carotid Artery – Providing blood supply to the mid portion of the brain:
    R & L Middle Cerebral Aa
  57. The group of arteries at the base of the brain where the anastomizing of arteries providing the blood supply of the brain occurs:
    • Cerebral Arterial Circle
    • Circle of Willis
  58. List the Nine (9) vessels that are ALWAYS considered part of the cerebral arterial circle:
    • 1. Rt Anterior Cerebral A
    • 2. Lt Anterior Cerebral A
    • 3. Anterior Communicating A
    • 4. Rt Internal Carotid A
    • 5. Lt Internal Carotid A
    • 6. Rt Posterior Communicating A
    • 7. Lt Posterior Communicating A
    • 8. Rt Posterior Cerebral A
    • 9. Lt Posterior Cerebral A
  59. The Circle of Willis sometimes includes Ten (10) arteries, which one is added to the nine above.:
    Basilar A
  60. Blood cells which carry oxygen and carbon-dioxide:
    • Erythrocytes
    • RBCs
  61. Another name for red blood cells:
    Erythrocytes
  62. Another name for white blood cells:
    Leukocytes
  63. Another name for blood platelets:
    Thrombocytes
  64. Another name for the pacemaker of the heart:
    SA node
  65. The portion of the blood which is 95% water:
    Plasma
  66. Another name for the muscle that separates the thorax from the abdomen:
    Diaphragm
  67. The branch of the Abdominal Aorta providing the blood supply to the stomach, spleen, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, and duodenum:
    • Celiac A
    • Celiac Trunk
    • Celiac Axis
  68. The individual credited with the discovery of the circulation of blood:
    William Harvey
  69. 1.  The posterior humeral circumflex is a branch of the _____.
    Axillary A
  70. 2.  Another name for Poupart's ligament is _____.
    Inguinal Ligament
  71. 3.  The artery formed by the union of the right and left vertebral arteries.
    Basilar A
  72. 4.  The gastroepiploic arteries provide the blood supply to this portion of the stomach.
    greater curvature of stomach
  73. 5.  The medial border of the femoral triangle.
    Adductor Longus Muscle
  74. 6.  The lateral border of the femoral triangle.
    Sartorius Muscle
  75. 7.  The artery which connects between the two anterior cerebral arteries.
    Anterior Communicating A
  76. 8.  The vessel which serves as the continuation of the femoral artery.
    Popliteal A
  77. 9.  Another name for the Circle of Willis.
    cerebral arterial circle
  78. 10.  The brachial profundis artery is a branch of which vessel?
    Brachial A
  79. 11.  The branch of the arch of the aorta which provides the blood supply to the right upper extremity.
    Brachiocephalic
  80. 12.  How many branches are there associated with the ascending aorta.
    2
  81. 13.  The internal carotid artery is most closely associated with providing the blood supply to this organ.
    the brain
  82. 14.  The branch of the external carotid artery that ends by providing the blood supply to the chin, lips and nose. 
    Facial Artery
  83. 15.  The artery that is the continuation of the popliteal and extends to the top of the foot where it becomes the dorsalis pedis artery.
    Anterior Tibial A
  84. 16.  The branch of the internal carotid artery providing the blood supply to the eyes.
    Ophthalmic A
  85. 17.  The chamber of the heart where systemic circulation ends.
    Rt Atrium
  86. 18.  The chamber of the heart where pulmonary circulation begins.
    Rt Ventricle
  87. 19.  Another name for the right atrio-ventricular valve.
    Tri-cuspid
  88. 20.  Another name for the left atrio-ventricular valve.
    • bi-cuspid
    • mitral valve
  89. 21.  The "pacemaker" of the heart is also called _____.
    SA Node
  90. 22.  The "wall" that divides the thoracic from the abdominal cavities.
    Diaphragm
  91. 23.  The portion of the blood that is about 95% water.
    Plasma
  92. 24.  The blood cells make up approximately _____% of the blood volume.
    45
  93. 25.  The blood cells responsible for clotting are called _____.
    • Thrombocytes
    • Platelets
  94. 26.  The union of the distal ends of two arteries is called _____.
    Anastamosis
  95. 27.  Blood vessels that carry the blood in the general direction towards the heart are called _____.
    veins
  96. 28.  The blood cells responsible for fighting-off infections.
    Leukocytes
  97. 29.  The landmark found between the axillary artery and the brachial artery.
    Lower Border of Tendon of Teras Major
  98. 30.  The blood cells which contain hemoglobin.
    • Erythrocytes
    • RBCs
  99. 31.  The vessel entering the heart that provides for the drainage from the abdomen and the lower extremities.
    Inferior Vena Cava
  100. 32.  The branch of the abdominal aorta providing the blood supply to the kidney is called _____.
    Renal Aa
  101. 33.  The landmark between the subclavian artery and the axillary artery.
    Lateral Branch of the 1st Rib
  102. 34.  The branch of the abdominal aorta providing the blood supply to the stomach, spleen, liver, gall bladder and pancreas.
    • Celiac Trunk
    • Celiac Artery
    • Celiac Axis
  103. 35.  The medial artery of the forearm (between elbow and wrist).
    Ulna
  104. 36.  The genicular arteries are branches of the _____.
    Popliteal
  105. 37.  The 2nd branch of the arch of the aorta is called _____.
    Lt Common Carotid A
  106. 38.  The term which means, the study of blood.
    Hematology
  107. 39.  The imaginary plane that passes through the body from superior to inferior and from anterior to posterior dividing the body into right and left halves (equal portions).
    Mid-Saggital
  108. 40.  The name of a branch of the celiac artery which provides the blood supply to the liver.
    Common Hepatic A
  109. 41.  The contraction phase of the cardiac cycle.
    Systolic (Systole)
  110. 42.  The outer layer of an artery or vein is called the tunica _____.
    Adventitia (Externa)
  111. 43.  The minute tendinous chords connecting the atrio-ventricular valves of the heart to the papillary muscles.
    Chordae Tendonae
  112. 44.  The number of vessels associated with the right atrium of the heart.
    3
  113. 45.  The cystic artery would be associated with which structure of the body.
    • Gall Bladder
    • Bile Sac
  114. 46.  Name 1 (one) visceral unpaired branch of the abdominal aorta.
    • 1. Celiac Trunk
    •     Celiac Artery
    •     Celiac Axis
    • 2. Superior Mesenteric A
    • 3. Inferior Mesenteric A
  115. 47.  Name 1 (one) parietal branch of the descending thoracic aorta.
    • 1. Posterior Intercostal Aa
    • 2. Subcostal Aa
    • 3. Superior Phrenic Aa
  116. 48.  The peroneal artery is a branch of this vessel.
    Posterior Tibial Artery
  117. 49.  The action of blood cells escaping the vascular system by passing through the walls of the capillaries is called hemorrhage per _____.
    diapedisis
  118. 50.  The normal pH of blood is _____(a number).
    7.3-7.4
  119. 51.  The name of the individual credited with the discovery of the circulation of blood.
    William Harvey
  120. 52.  The middle layer of the wall of the heart is called _____.
    myocardium
  121. 53.  The region immediately inferior to the hypochondriac region of the abdomen in the 9-region plan is called.
    Lumbar
  122. 54.  In the femoral triangle the femoral artery is said to be _____ to the femoral vein.
    Lateral
  123. 55.  The process by which a blood cell surrounds, engulfs and destroys foreign substances in the blood is called _____.
    phagocytosis
  124. 56.  The system of the body which deals with the blood, heart, arteries, veins, and lymphatics is called _____.
    Circulatory
  125. 57.  The position with the body standing erect, facing the observer, and the hands at the side with the palms facing the observer is said to be the
    _____.
    Anatomical position
  126. 58.  A human body used for anatomical study is called a _____.
    Cadaver
  127. 59.  The innermost layer of an artery or vein is made up of this type of basic (elemental) body tissue.
    epithelial
  128. 60.  Blood type _____ is said to be the universal donor.
    O
  129. 61.  The term visceral refers to _____.
    organs
  130. 62.  The 3rd branch of the arch of the aorta is called _____.
    descending thoracic aorta
  131. 63.  The aorta terminates by bifurcating into the _____.
    Lt & Rt Common Iliac
  132. 64.  The arteries providing the blood supply to the fingers and toes.
    Digital Aa
  133. 65.  A synonym for the word dorsal is _____.
    posterior
  134. 66.  The superior border of "Scarpa's triangle".
    Inguinal ligament
  135. 67.  The umbillical arteries would be branches of this vessel.
    • Internal Iliac A
    • Hypogastric A
  136. 68.  The muscle layer of the heart is called _____.
    myocardium
  137. 69.  The anterior intercostal arteries are branches of this vessel.
    • Internal Thoracic A
    • Internal Mammary A
  138. 70.  The branch of the internal carotid artery that serves as a connection between the internal carotid and the posterior cerebral is called ____.
    posterior communicating artery
  139. 71.  The branch of the external carotid artery that serves to provide the blood supply to the scalp immediately behind the ear is called _____.
    posterior auricular artery
  140. 72.  The study of veins is called _____.
    plebology
  141. 73.  The veins that accompany adjacent arteries are the _____ set of veins.
    deep
  142. 74.  Arteries have three layers in their walls while arterioles have _____.
    2
  143. 75.  (True or False)  Arteries below the level of the heart have valves in them.
    True

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