CH 1 A & P BIOL 223

Card Set Information

Author:
alyknight
ID:
197629
Filename:
CH 1 A & P BIOL 223
Updated:
2013-02-03 16:49:11
Tags:
anatomy physiology
Folders:

Description:
Chapter 1 questions
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user alyknight on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Listening to the natural sounds made by the body, such as heart and lung sounds, is called ________________.

    A)physiology
    B)anatomy
    C)auscultation
    D)palpitation
    C)auscultation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. ____________ is the study of structure and _________ is the study of function.

    A)Physiology; anatomy
    B)Anatomy; physiology
    C)Physiology; comparative anatomy
    D)Comparative anatomy; physiology
    B)Anatomy; physiology
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Histology is the study of ____________.

    A)fine detail, down to the molecular level, revealed by the electron microscope
    B)the structure and function of individual cells
    C)microscopic examination of tissue specimens
    D)microscopic examination of tissues for signs of disease
    C)microscopic examination of tissue specimens
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. ___________is considered the "father of medicine" as he and his followers
    established a code of ethics for physicians that is still recited in modern form by many graduating medical students.

    A)Hypocrites
    B)Aristotle
    C)Claudius Galen
    D)William Harvey
    A)Hypocrites
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The Zodiac Man is an illustration from a 15th century medical manuscript that reflects the medical belief in the influence of __________ on parts of the body.

    A)astrology
    B)the supernatural
    C)Gods
    D)unseen demons
    A)astrology
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The________________ is a process of making numerous observations until one
    feels confident in drawing generalizations and predictions from them.

    A)scientific method
    B)inductive method
    C)hypothetico-deductive method
    D)peer review
    B)inductive method
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. _______________ means change in the genetic composition of a population of organisms.

    A)Evolution
    B)Natural selection
    C)Selection pressure
    D)Adaptation
    A)Evolution
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The theory that a large complex system such as the human body can be understood by studying its simpler components is called ____________.

    A)natural selection
    B)evolution
    C)holism
    D)reductionism
    D)reductionism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. An example of normal positive feedback that occurs in the body and is not life threatening or harmful is __________________.

    A)childbirth
    B)control of body temperature
    C)control of blood pressure
    D)All of the above.
    A)childbirth
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. A(n)______________ is a term coined from the names of people whereas a(n) ____________ is a word composed of the first letter or first few letters of a series of words.

    A)suffix; prefix
    B)eponym; acronym
    C)acronym; eponym
    D)prefix; suffix
    B)eponym; acronym
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Situs inversus and horseshoe kidney are examples of

    A)anatomical variation.
    B)fatal diseases.
    C)adaptations.
    D)reductionism.
    A)anatomical variation.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. A mass of similar cells that forms a discrete region of our body is a(n) ___________.

    A)system
    B)organ
    C)cell
    D)tissue
    D)tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. What part of a feedback loop processes information and determines an appropriate response?

    A)integrator
    B)set point
    C)effector
    D)receptor
    A)integrator
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. If you become overheated, which of the following negative feedback mechanisms are used to lower your body temperature?

    A)sweating & vasoconstriction of surface blood vessels
    B)sweating & vasodilation of surface blood vessels
    C)shivering & vasodilation of surface blood vessels
    D)shivering & vasoconstriction of surface blood vessels
    B)sweating and vasodilation of surface blood vessels
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Development is a characteristic of life that involves___________.

    A)differentiation
    B)excretion
    C)metabolism
    D)assimilation
    E)reproduction
    A)differentiation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The tendency for the bodies of living things to maintain more or less stable internal conditions is called

    A)homeostasis.
    B)the set point.
    C)positive feedback.
    D)dynamic equilibrium.
    E)the cell theory.
    D)dynamic equilibrium.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. If your blood pressure started to rise very rapidly, a set of activities that your body would undertake to reverse this potentially dangerous condition would probably begin. The processes that would restore stability are called, collectively,

    A)positive feedback.
    B)homeostasis.
    C)the cell theory.
    D)set point.
    E)negative feedback.
    B)homeostasis.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. This level of organization consists of groups
    of similar looking cells with its surrounding material working together to
    perform a function:

    A) organ
    B) chemical
    C) tissue
    D) cellular
    C) tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. This is the smallest unit of an organism that carries out the basic function of life

    A) organelle
    B) organ
    C) cell
    D) molecule
    C) cell
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. This organ system removes waste products from the blood, regulates pH and water balance:

    A) integumentary
    B) urinary
    C) endocrine
    D) lymphatic
    B) urinary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. This organ system transports nutrients, waste products, gases and hormones throughout the body and regulates body
    temperature:

    A) cardiovascular
    B) respiratory
    C) endocrine
    D) lymphatic
    A) cardiovascular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The muscular system functions to do this:

    A) produces movement
    B) produces body heat
    C) a and b only
    D) maintains posture
    E) all of these
    E) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Essential characteristics of life do not  include:

    A) reproduction
    B) respiration
    C) organization
    D) metabolism
    B) respiration
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Responsiveness is the ability of an organism
    to sense a change in its environment and react to it.

    True/False
    True
  25. This characteristic of life involves the
    passing down of genetic information by the formation of new cells or new
    organisms:

    A) development
    B) reproduction
    C) growth
    D) organization
    B) reproduction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. This process involves unspecialized cells
    changing into cells with a specialized function:

    A) reproduction
    B) growth
    C) development
    D) differentiation
    D) differentiation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. The body’s ability to produce energy for
    muscle contraction during exercise by the break down of glycogen into glucose
    is this:

    A) growth
    B) metabolism
    C) morphogenesis
    D) development
    B) metabolism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The body’s ability to maintain itself in a
    steady state is known as this:

    A) positive feedback
    B) homeostasis
    C) negative feedback
    D) variable
    B) homeostasis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. This component of a feedback loop senses
    changes in the body:

    A) control (integration) center
    B) effector
    C) receptor
    D)none of these
    C) receptor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. This is an example of positive feedback:

    A) body temperature fluctuates        between 99.1 and 98.0
    B) pH levels of urine vary from 5.2 to 7.8 throughout the day
    C) Giving birth
    D) none of these
    C) Giving birth
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Positive feedback creates a self-amplifying
    change of events that leads away from the body’s normal ranges.

    True/False
    True
  32. This statement about negative feedback is
    true:

    A) deviation from the set point is resisted
    B) keeps parameters in the normal range
    C) all of these are true
    D) maintains homeostasis
    C) all of these are true
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. This directional term describes the position
    of the antebrachium compared to the brachium:

    A) superficial
    B) inferior
    C) distal
    D) proximal
    C) distal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. When cutting the small intestine, this kind
    of section would produce an oval shaped piece:

    A) frontal
    B) midsagittal
    C) cross (transverse)
    D) oblique
    D) oblique
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. This anatomical term refers to the point of
    the elbow:

    A) olecranon
    B) antebrachial
    C) antecubital
    D) palmar
    A) olecranon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The pedal region refers to this body part:

    A) heel
    B) foot
    C) ankle
    D) leg
    B) foot
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. The appendix is found in this abdominopelvic quadrant:

    A) RUQ
    B) RLQ
    C) LLQ
    D) LUQ
    B) RLQ
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. This body cavity contains the lungs:

    A) pericardial
    B) thoracic
    C) dorsal
    D) pleural
    B) thoracic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. This structure separates the ventral body
    cavity into the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities:

    A) pelvic brim
    C) mediastinum
    C) diaphragm
    D) lungs
    C) diaphragm
  40. This organ is not retroperitoneal:

    A) spleen
    B) duodenum
    C) adrenal glands
    D) kidneys
    A) spleen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. This serous membrane covers the surface of
    the heart:

    A) parietal pericardium 
    B) visceral pleura
    C) visceral peritoneum
    D) visceral pericardium
    D) visceral pericardium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. The parietal peritoneum covers:

    A) b and c only
    B) the inferior surface of the diaphragm
    C) the abdominal wall
    D) all of these
    E) the anterior surface of the kidneys
    D) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. When a boy is standing on his head, his chin
    is _______ to his mouth.

    A) proximal
    B) distal
    C) superior
    D) inferior
    D) inferior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Structure that can be observed with the naked eye is called

    A) cytology
    B) histology
    C) microscopic anatomy
    D) ultrastructure
    E) gross anatomy
    E) gross anatomy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. The word root homeo- means

    A) tissue
    B) change
    C) same
    D) human
    E) metabolism
    C) same
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. The simplest structures considered to be alive are

    A) cells
    B) organs
    C) organelles
    D) tissues
    E) organisms
    A) cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Which of the following is not a human organ system?

    A) muscular
    B) integumentary
    C) epithelial
    D) nervous
    E) endocrine
    C) epithelial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48.        means studying anatomy by touch.

    A) Auscultation
    B) Osculation
    C) Palpation
    D) Gross anatomy
    E) Percussion
    C) Palpation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. The prefix hetero- means

    A) same
    B) different
    C) below
    D) both
    E) solid
    B) different
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Cutting and separating tissues to reveal structural relationships is called __________.
    Dissection
  51. Physiological effects of a person's mental state are called __________ effects.
    psychosomatic
  52. The tendency of the body to maintain stable internal conditions is called __________.
    homeostasis
  53. Blood pH averages 7.4 but fluctuates from 7.35 to 7.45. A pH of 7.4 can therefore be considered the __________ for this variable.
    set point
  54. Self-corrective mechanisms in physiology are called __________ loops.
    negative feedback
  55. A/an __________ is the simplest body structure to be composed of two or more types of tissue.
    organ
  56. Our hands are said to be __________ because they can encircle an object such as a branch or tool. The presence of an __________ thumb is
    important to this ability.
    prehensile, opposable
  57. auscult-
    listen—auscultation
  58. dis-
    apart—dissection
  59. homeo-
    the same—homeostasis
  60. metabolo-
    change—metabolism
  61. palp-
    touch—palpation
  62. physio-
    nature—physiology
  63. -sect
    cut - dissection
  64. -stasis
    to stay - homeostasis
  65. stereo-
    solid—stereoscopic
  66. tomo-
    to cut—tomography
  67. The technique for listening to the sounds of the heart valves is auscultation.

    True/False
    True
  68. Abnormal skin color or dryness could be one piece of diagnostic information gained by auscultation.

    True/False
    • False
    • Auscultation means listening to body sounds, not inspecting its appearance.
  69. There are more organelles than cells in the body.

    True/False
    True
  70. Negative feedback usually has a negative (harmful) effect on the body.

    True/False
    • False
    • Negative feedback is a self-corrective process with a beneficial effect on the body.

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview