Federal DNA Legislation
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DNA ID Act 1994
Req. FBI to develop National Quality Standards
Authorized National DNA Database creation
- Provided Fed. Funding
- Proficiency and Privacy requirements
CITA Criminal Information Technology Act 1994
Funding for labs to participate in National DNA database
DNA Analysis BACKLOG Act 2000
Funding for local and state labs using Database
Authorized collection of samples from offenders (D.C. and military)
Req. FBI to expunge profile from database if conviction overturned
Justice for ALL Act 2004
Debbie Smith Act
DNA Sexual Assault Act
Innocence Project Act
- Debbie Smith- Allowed statute of limitations to be INCREASED in cases where DNA IDs a suspect.
- SEX Assault: req labs getting fed funding to become accredited, DNA for missing persons, FBI mito testing.
- Innocence Project: Provided funding for retesting of evidence, govt must keep biological evidence in case of retest.
DNA Fingerprint Act of 2005
Allowed collection of DNA from federal arrestees and detainees.
Expunge records from DNA database
What are three main categories for collection of DNA for database uploads?
- Felony convictions
- Misdemeaner convictions
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