Sociology 120

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Author:
courtneydurrett
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197661
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Sociology 120
Updated:
2013-02-03 16:37:00
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Vocabulary
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  1. the actions associated with a group that help to reproduce a distinct way of life
    behaviors
  2. the specific convictions or opinions that its people generally accept as being true
    beliefs
  3. a subculture that champions values and lifestyles distinctly opposed to those of the dominant culture
    counterculture
  4. the ways that new technological developments often outpace the norms that govern our collective experiences with these new technologies
    Cultural lag
  5. a physical item that is created by and associated with people who share a culture
    cultural object
  6. the practice of understanding a culture by its own standards
    cultural relativism 
  7. the experience of being disoriented because of a lack of knowledge about an unfamiliar social situation
    culture shock
  8. an intense disagreement about core values and moral positions
    culture war
  9. a variant of language with its own distinctive accent, vocabulary, and in some cases grammatical characteristics
    Dialect
  10. a culture that permeates a society and that represents the ideas and practices of those in positions of power
    Dominant culture
  11. a widely held and regularly reinforced set of assumptions that generally support the current social system and serve the interests of authorities
    dominant ideology
  12. the practice of judging another culture by the standards of one's own
    ethnocentrism
  13. group habits or customs that are common in a given culture
    folkways
  14. cultural forms associated with elites that are widely recognized as valuable and legitimate 
    high culture
  15. what the members of a culture report to be their values, beliefs, and norms
    ideal culture
  16. a system of meaning that helps define and explain the world and makes value judgments about that world.
    ideology
  17. the range of information, awareness, and understanding that helps us navigate our world
    knowledge
  18. an elaborate system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another in complex ways
    language
  19. the physical objects produced by people in a particular culture, including tools, clothing, toys, works of art, and housing
    material culture
  20. norms that are strictly enforced, with potentially severe penalties for violating them
    mores
  21. the recognition  valuing, and protection of the distinct cultures that make up a society
    multicultarlism
  22. the ideas of a culture, including values and beliefs, accumulated knowledge about how to understand and navigate the world, and standards or "norms" about appropriate behavior
    nonmaterial culture
  23. a culture's rules and expectations for "appropriate" behavior
    norms
  24. cultural forms that are widespread and commonly embraced within a society
    popular culture
  25. what members of a culture actually do, which may or may not reflect the ideal
    real culture
  26. the idea that because of their different cultural content and structure, languages affect how their speakers think and behave
    Sapir-Whorf hypotheis
  27. a group of people who live together in a specific territory and share a culture
    society
  28. cultures associated with smaller groups in society that have distinct norms values, and lifestyles setting them apart from the dominant culture
    subculture
  29. anything-- a sound, a gesture, an image, an object-- that represents something else
    Symbol
  30. a deeply held principle or standard that people use to make judgements about the world, especially in deciding what is desirable or worthwhile
    value
  31. an unreasonable fear or hatred of foreigners or people of a different culture
    xenophobia

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