World Geography Final-definitions

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halo3fanfan
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19767
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World Geography Final-definitions
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2010-05-18 14:27:33
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Final exam
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Review for World Geography Final exam
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  1. the study of the Earth
    Geography
  2. 5 Themes of Geography
    • Location: absolute - any place that has a coordinate
    • relative - a place compared to another place
    • Place: refers to physical and human features
    • HEI: how mankind interacts to its surroundings
    • Movement: transportation of an object or ideas from one place to another
    • Region: share common characteristics
  3. measure of how far north or south a location is from the equator
    Latitude
  4. measure of how far east or west a place is from the Prime Meridian
    Longitude
  5. latitude and longitude lines overlapped
    Grid
  6. shows direction on a map
    Compass Rose
  7. representation of usually a flat surface of the whole or part of an area
    Map
  8. mapmaker
    Cartographer
  9. round representation of the earth; shows true shape of continents and oceans
    Globe
  10. Name the 7 Continents
    • North America
    • South America
    • Antarctica
    • Europe
    • Africa
    • Asia
    • Australia
  11. Name the 4 Oceans
    • Atlantic
    • Arctic
    • Pacific
    • Indian
  12. How regions are divided
    human or physical
  13. share common characteristics
    Region
  14. Examples of Physical Characteristics
    Rockies, Mississippi River
  15. Examples of Human Characteristics
    Antique Village, roads
  16. country like
    Rural
  17. city like
    Urban
  18. weather conditions over a long period of time
    Climate
  19. day to day conditions of an area
    Weather
  20. Climate Regions
    page 52-53
  21. places that are much higher than the land around them
    Mountain
  22. raised area
    Hill
  23. flat surfaces at low levels
    Plain
  24. raised areas of land with a flatter top
    Plateau
  25. large area with little or no moisture or vegetation
    Desert
  26. low lying areas between mountains
    Valley
  27. deep valley having high, steep slopes
    Canyon
  28. narrow channel of water connecting two larger areas
    Strait
  29. chain of islands
    Archipelago
  30. area of water bordering on a curved coastline
    Gulf
  31. large area of saltwater
    Sea
  32. great body of saltwater surrounding the earth
    Ocean
  33. narrow strip of land with water on either side connecting two large land areas
    Isthmus
  34. an area surrounded by water on three sides
    Peninsula
  35. accumulation of sediment at the mouth of a river
    Delta
  36. a large stream of water of natural origin which drains an area of land
    River
  37. Small body of water surrounded by land
    Lake
  38. cone shaped mountain that erupts
    Volcano
  39. any one of 7 large landmasses on the earth's surface
    Continent
  40. an area politically controlled
    Country
  41. What are the 4 Spheres?
    • biosphere - life
    • lithospshere - land
    • atmosphere - air
    • hydrosphere - water
  42. movement of crustal plates
    Plate Tectonics
  43. large supercontinent
    Pangea
  44. 4 Parts of the Earth
    • inner core
    • outer core
    • mantle
    • crust
  45. a crack or break in the earth's crust
    Fault
  46. large sea waves created by undersea tectonic activity like earthquakes
    Tsunamis
  47. What is Rotation? How long?
    causes day and night - 24 hours
  48. What is a Revolution? How many?
    365.25 days to move around sun; seasons
  49. goods being shipped out of a country
    Export
  50. economic system in which individuals own and operate the factors of production
    Market Economy
  51. economic system in which the government owns and operates the factors of production
    Command Economy
  52. govt ownership of all or some of means of production
    Socialism
  53. social and political movement that favored revolution to establish a classless society in which workers would control industrial production
    Communism
  54. economic system based upon customs and traditions
    Traditional Economy
  55. tribe
    Clan
  56. different cultures
    Ethnic Diversity
  57. share common culture
    Culture
  58. What is NAFTA?
    North America Free Trade Agreement - all non-tariff barriers to agricultural trade between USA
  59. people who come to a new country to live
    Immigrant
  60. people per square mile
    Population Density
  61. Explain the 4 stages of the DTM
    information taken from industrialized countries to see what similarities there are between countries and deciding what stage other countries are going through at this moment in time

    • Stage 1: primitive
    • Stage 2: lots of births, slight modernization
    • Stage 3: low death rate and birth rate, more industrialized
    • Stage 4: industrialized, stable population
  62. polluted rain that can damage trees and kill fish in lakes
    Acid rain
  63. fit for growing crops
    Arable land
  64. snowstorm
    Blizzard
  65. part of a waterfall
    Cataract
  66. Movement of water in a river or ocean
    Current
  67. winds around centers of low atmospheric pressure
    Cyclone
  68. removing salt from water
    Desalination
  69. areas with no prevailing winds
    Doldrums
  70. narrow deep inlets of the sea set between high rocky cliffs
    Fjord
  71. places where rocks have been compressed into bends by colliding plates
    Fold
  72. thick masses of ice
    Glacier
  73. most powerful and destructive tropical cyclones
    Hurricane
  74. wind system in which winds reverse direction and cause seasons of wet and dry weather
    Monsoon
  75. place where spring bubbles to the surface in desert areas and plants grow
    Oasis
  76. condensed droplets of water that fall as rain
    Precipitation
  77. violent twisting spirals of air
    Tornado
  78. large sea waves created by undersea tectonic activity like earthquakes
    Tsunami
  79. hurricanes in the Pacific
    Typhoon
  80. US map
  81. World Map (Cont. and Oceans)
  82. Be able to read charts and graphs

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