LAB Quiz 1 A&P BIOL 223

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alyknight
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197750
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LAB Quiz 1 A&P BIOL 223
Updated:
2013-02-04 12:40:07
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anatomy physiology
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anatomy and physiology intro atlas A
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  1. anatomical position
    is a stance in which a person stands erect with the feet flat on the floor and close together, arms at the sides, and the palms and face directed forward
  2. The forearm in this picture is               .
    supinated - the palm faces anteriorly
  3. The forearm in this picture is              .
    pronated - the palm faces posteriorly.
  4. supine
    lying face up
  5. prone
    lying face down
  6. Three major anatomical planes are?
    • midsagittal
    • frontal
    • transverse
  7.              section of the pelvic region.
    midsagittal or sagittal
  8.               section of the thoracic region.
    Frontal
  9.               section of the head at the level of the eyes.
    Transverse
  10. Ventral
    • Toward the front*(in humans only) or belly
    • ex. The aorta is ventral to the vertebral column.
  11. Dorsal
    • Toward the back or spine
    • ex. The vertebral column is dorsal to the aorta.
  12. Anterior
    • Toward the back or spine
    • ex. The vertebral column is dorsal to the aorta.
  13. Posterior
    • Toward the dorsal side*
    • ex. The esophagus is posterior to the trachea.
  14. Cephalic
    • Toward the head or superior end
    • ex. The cephalic end of the embryonic neural tube develops into the brain
  15. Rostral
    • Toward the forehead or nose
    • ex. The forebrain is rostral to the brainstem.
  16. Caudal
    • Toward the tail or inferior end
    • ex. The spinal cord is caudal to the brain.
  17. Superior
    • Above
    • ex. The heart is superior to the diaphragm.
  18. Inferior
    • Below
    • ex. The liver is inferior to the diaphragm.
  19. Medial
    • Toward the median plane
    • ex. The heart is medial to the lungs.
  20. Lateral
    • Away from the median plane
    • ex. The eyes are lateral to the nose.
  21. Proximal
    • Closer to the point of attachment or origin
    • ex. The elbow is proximal to the wrist.
  22. Distal
    • Farther from the point of attachment or origin
    • ex. The fingernails are at the distal ends of the fingers.
  23. Ipsilateral
    • On the same side of the body
    • ex. The liver is ipsilateral to the appendix.
  24. Contralateral
    • On opposite sides of the body
    • ex. The spleen is contralateral to the liver.
  25. Superficial
    • Closer to the body surface
    • ex. The skin is superficial to the muscles.
  26. Deep
    • Farther from the body surface
    • ex. The bones are deep to the muscles.
  27. What does the axial region consist of?
    • Head
    • Neck (cervical region)
    • Trunk
  28. The abdominal region is broken down into what four quadrants?
    • right upper quadrant (RUQ)
    • right lower quadrant (RLQ)
    • left upper quadrant (LUQ)
    • left lower quadrant (LLQ
  29. What are the nine regions of the abdomen?
    • Hypochondriac region (right, left)
    • Lumbar region (right, left)
    • Inguinal region (right, left)
    • Epigastric region
    • Umbilical region
    • Hypogastric region
  30. What does the appendicular region consist of?
    upper and lower limbs
    • midsagittal
    • transverse
    • frontal
    • Pleural
    • Thoracic
    • Pericardial
    • Diaphragm
    • Abdominopelvic
    • Anterior
    • Pelvic
    • Medial
    • Superior
    • Posterior (dorsal) and Lateral
    • Proximal
    • Deep
    • Anterior (ventral)
    • Lateral
    • Superficial
    • Distal
    • Inferior
    • Contralateral
    • Ipsilateral
    • Axial
    • Appendicular
    • Visceral
    • Parietal
    • Brachial (anterior neck to shoulder)
    • Antecubital
    • Peroneal
    • Buccal
    • Acromial
    • Pectoral
    • Inguinal area
    • Popliteal  (posterior Knee)
    • Epicastric
    • Umbilical
    • Pubic (hypogastric)
    • L. Hpochondriac
    • L. Lumbar
    • L. Iliac
    • Dorsal
    • Ventral
    • Cranial
    • Vertebral(spinal)
    • Thoracic
    • Diaphragm
    • Abdominal
    • Pelvic
    • Visceral Pericardium
    • Parietal Pericardium
    • Parietal Pleura
    • Visceral Pleura
    • Visceral Peritoneum
    • Parietal Peritoneum
    • Peritoneal Cavity
  31. The arm consists of what region?
    Brachial region
  32. The forearm consists of what region?
    Antebrachial
  33. The wrist includes what region?
    carpal region
  34. The hand includes what region?
    manual region
  35. The fingers consist of what region?
    digits
  36. The thigh consists of what region?
    femoral region
  37. The leg consists of what region?
    crural region
  38. The ankle consists of what region?
    tarsal region
  39. The foot consists of what region?
    pedal region
  40. The toes consist of what region?
    digits
  41. Segment
    a region between one joint and the next
  42. viscera
    internal organs
  43. Cranial cavity contains what viscera?
    brain
  44. Vertebral canal contains what viscera?
    spinal cord
  45. The thoracic cavity includes what two sub-cavities?
    • Pleural cavities
    • Pericardial cavity
  46. What viscera are in the pleural cavities? What is the membranous lining that covers them?
    • Lungs
    • Pleura
  47. What viscera is in the pericardial cavity?What is the membranous lining that covers it?
    • Heart
    • Pericardium
  48. What is the wall that divides the thoracic cavity?
    mediastinum
  49. What is the space called that separates the visceral and parietal pericardium?
    pericardial cavity
  50. What membrane forms the external surface of the lungs?
    visceral pleura
  51. What membrane lines the inside of the rib cage?
    parietal pleura
  52. What cavities are in the abdominopelvic cavity?
    • abdominal cavity
    • pelvic cavity
  53. What viscera are in the abdominal cavity?
    • digestive organs
    • spleen
    • kidneys
  54. What viscera are in the pelvic cavity?
    • bladder
    • rectum
    • reproductive organs
  55. What is the name of the membranous lining of the abdominopelvic cavity?
    peritoneum
  56. What viscera in the abdominal cavity have a retroperitoneal position?
    • kindeys
    • ureters
    • adrenal glands
    • most of the pancreas
    • aorta and vena cava abdominal portions
  57. What are the 11 organ systems?
    • Integumentary
    • Skeletal
    • Muscular
    • Nervous
    • Endocrine
    • Circulatory
    • Lymphatic
    • Respiratory
    • Urinary
    • Digestive
    • Reproductive
  58. What are the principal organs of the integumentary system?
    • skin
    • hair
    • nails
    • cutaneous glands
  59. What are the principal organs of the skeletal system?
    • bones
    • cartliage
    • ligaments
  60. What are the principal organs of the muscular system?
    • skeletal muscles
    • tendons
  61. What are the principal organs of the nervous system?
    • brain
    • spinal cord
    • nerves
    • ganglia
  62. What are the principal organs of the endocrine system?
    • pituitary gland
    • pineal gland
    • thyroid gland
    • parathyroid gland
    • thymus
    • adrenal glands
    • pancreas
    • testes
    • ovaries
  63. What are the principal organs of the circulatory system?
    • heart
    • blood vessels
  64. What are the principal organs of the lymphatic system?
    • lymph nodes
    • lymphatic vessels
    • thymus
    • spleen
    • tonsils
  65. What are the principal organs of the respiratory system?
    • nose
    • pharynx
    • trachea
    • bronchi
    • lungs
  66. What are the principal organs of the urinary system?
    • kidneys
    • ureters
    • urinary bladder
    • urethra
  67. What are the principal organs of the digestive system?
    • teeth
    • tongue
    • salivary glands
    • esophagus
    • stomach
    • small and large intestines
    • liver
    • gallbladder
    • pancreas
  68. What are the principal organs of the reproductive system? Male
    • Male
    • testes
    • epididymides
    • spermatic ducts
    • seminal vesicles
    • prostate gland
    • bulbourethral glands
    • penis
  69. What are the principal organs of the reproductive system? Female
    • Ovaries
    • uterine tubes
    • uterus
    • vagina
    • mammary glands
  70. Which of the following is not an essential part of anatomical position?

    A) arms down to the sides
    B) forearms supinated
    C) mouth closed
    D) feet flat on the floor
    E) feet together
    C) mouth closed
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. A ring-shaped section of the small intestine would be a section.

    A) sagittal
    B) frontal
    C) coronal
    D) median
    E) transverse
    E) transverse
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. The tarsal region is to the popliteal region.

    A) medial
    B) dorsal
    C) superficial
    D) distal
    E) superior
    D) distal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. The greater omentum is to the small intestine.

    A) deep
    B) posterior
    C) proximal
    D) superficial
    E) parietal
    D) superficial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. A line passes through the sternum, umbilicus, and mons pubis.

    A) intertubercular
    B) midclavicular
    C) midsagittal
    D) central
    E) proximal
    C) midsagittal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. The region is immediately medial to the coxal region.

    A) inguinal
    B) hypochondriac
    C) umbilical
    D) popliteal
    E) cubital
    A) inguinal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. Which of the following regions is not part of the upper limb?

    A) carpal
    B) plantar
    C) palmar
    D) cubital
    E) brachial
    B) plantar
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. Which of these organs is within the peritoneal cavity?

    A) urinary bladder
    B) brain
    C) liver
    D) kidneys
    E) heart
    C) liver
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. In which area do you think pain from the gallbladder would be felt?

    A) left hypochondriac region
    B) left lower quadrant
    C) umbilical region
    D) right upper quadrant
    E) hypogastric region
    D) right upper quadrant
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. Which organ system regulates blood volume, controls acid–base balance, and stimulates red blood cell production?

    A) digestive system
    B) circulatory system
    C) lymphatic system
    D) urinary system
    E) nervous system
    D) urinary system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. The forearm is said to be __________ when the palms are facing forward.
    supinated
  81. The superficial layer of the pleura is called the __________ pleura
    parietal
  82. The right and left pleural cavities are separated by a thick wall called the __________.
    mediastinum
  83. The back of the neck is the __________ region.
    nuchal
  84. The manus is more commonly known as the __________ and the pes is more commonly known as the __________.
    • hand
    • foot

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