APSYCH Unit 6A: motivation 1

Card Set Information

Author:
tiffanycedeno
ID:
197770
Filename:
APSYCH Unit 6A: motivation 1
Updated:
2013-02-04 01:38:24
Tags:

Folders:

Description:
a
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user tiffanycedeno on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. motivation 
    • - need/desire that energizes and directs behavior 
    • - without it, learning doesn't occur 
  2. primary drives 
    (food?) hunger, thirst, need to sleep, need to reproduce 
  3. secondary drives 
    (money?) social acceptance 
  4. instincts 
    a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned through a species and is unlearned 
  5. Olds and Milner 
    • - noticed interaction between brain and motivation 
    • - experiment: rats 
  6. drive-reduction theory/homeostatic regulation
    • - physicological need that creates an arousal tension state 
    • - motivates an organism to satisfy the need 
    • - when there is physical imbalance, need to tend  the balance 
  7. arousal theory (include law)
    • - curiosity 
    • - we are constantly seeking an optimal level of arousal
  8. opponent process theory of motivation 
    • - the ups and downs trying to regulate and balance emotions 
    • -bad: people can overcompensate and cane making things worse 
  9. incentive theory 
    • - a positive of negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior 
    • - behavior is pulled by desire of incentives 
  10. Konrad Lorenz 
    • -discovered imprinting 
    • - animals imprint on first thing they see as their mother 
    • - humans have instincts but not as primal 
  11. Henry Murray 
    - discovered that an individual is motivated differently in varying environments 
  12. David McClelland 
    • - focused on motivation of achievement found that everyone has different levels of achievement
    • - people who are high achievers, choose challenging tasks 
  13. Maslow's hierachy of needs (pyramid)
    • - pyramid
    • - first be satisfised before higer level
    • - some motives are more compelling than others 
    • -1.physicological
    • 2. safety
    • 3. love&belonging
    • 4. esteem
    • 5. self-actualization 
  14. intrinsic v. extrinsic motivation (how are self-determination and self-efficacy affected) 
    • - motivation from one's own interest 
    • - self determination: need to feel competent and in control 
    • - self efficacy: the belief that you can or cannot attain a certain goal 
  15. Kurt Lewin's Conflict Motivation Theory 
    • - studied conflict motivation 
    • - 1. approach-approach decide b/w 2 desirable things 
    • 2. avoidance-avoidance-decide b/w 2 unpleasant things 
    • 3. approach-avoidance- one choice but it has both positive/negative consequence
    • 4. multiple approach-avoidance: many options have positive/negative 
  16. hunger 
    • - our most basic drive
    • - if not satisfied, nothing else matters involves biological, pyschological, and social factors 
  17. glucose (how insulin involved) 
    • - form of sugar 
    • - source of energy 
    • - when its level is low, we feel hunger 
  18. hypothalamus 
    • - part of brain 
    • - regulates the body's weight influences feelings of hunger and society 
  19. lateral hypothalamus (LH) 
    • - part of brain that causes an animal to eat
    • - if damaged, they can starve to death
    • - won't happen to humans
  20. ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) 
    • - depresses hunger 
    • - causes animals to stop eating
    • - if damaged, keep eating 
  21. leptin 
    • - secreted by fat cells 
    • - tells brain to increase metabolism and decrease hunger 
    • - regulates hormones 
  22. ghrelin
    • - hormone secreted by empty stomach
    • -"i'm hungry" signals to brain 
  23. orexin 
    • - secreted by hypothalamus 
    • - makes you hungry 
  24. PYY 
    • - hormone that suppresses appetite 
    • - comes from digestive tract 
    • - "i'm not hungry" 
  25. set point
    • - weight thermostat is supposively set
    • - a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore lose weight 
    • - body's optimum weight 
  26. basal metabolic rate 
    • - body's resting rate of energy expenditure 
    • - different for everyone
    • - fast/slow metabolism 
  27. anorexia nervosa 
    • - eating disorder 
    • - normal weight person acts and becomes significantly underweight and still feel fat 
    • - continue to lose weight 
  28. bulimia nervosa 
    • - eating disorder where they overeat 
    • - followed by vomiting, fasting, or excessive exercise 
    • - "binge-purge" 
  29. obesity 
    • - to be consider obese, must be severely overweight 
    • - at least over 100 lbs of optimum weight 
    • - can be genetic 

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview