Poisoning, Drugs, Hazmat
Card Set Information
Poisoning, Drugs, Hazmat
Any substance introduced into the body that produces harmful effect?
defined as the presence of signs and symptoms associated with exposure/contact with substance
Most ingested poisons produce signs and symptoms in less then?
efforts to decontaminate stomach have little value after?
What percent of poisons have antidotes?
less than 5%
What is treatment for ingested poisons?
Gastric lavage or emetics followed by absorbants and cathartics
treatment for inhaled poisons?
Treatment for absorbed poisons?
Cleansing of the skin
Treatment for Injected Poisons?
Most common route/exposure to toxic material in home?
2 catagories of substance that act locally on skin, eyes or mucous membranes through direct contact?
Acids (corrosives) and bases (caustics)
preferred method for empting stomach contents?
giiving an emetic
Treatment for non-corrosives?
Drink 1-2 glasses of milk/water then empty stomach
emetic that acts locally by irritating gastric mucosa and centrally?
used to speed movement of bound substance and minimize absorption?
Cathartic (magnesium solfate or Sorbitol)
Poison that causes burning/corrosion to mouth, lips, throat, stomach?
Corrosives (acids and alkalies)
does most damage in acidic stomach environment?
Primarily destroys tissue in the mouth, throat and esophagus?
High pitched sound coming from airway when corrosive is aspirated into lungs?
Never try what when treating acid or base ingested poison?
Administer neutralizing agent by mouth
Do not do what to corrosive poisonings?
For poisonings with petroleum distillates with a DOC or PCC cannot be reached give?
30-60 ml of Vegetable oil
For petroleum distillates never?
Bacterial and Viral food poisoning appear within how long?
most common route of exposure to toxic substances?
most common agent of gas poisoning an leaves lips an skin cherry red? (oderless/tasteless)
most common cause of metal fume fever is inhalation of?
vaporized zinc found in galvanized covoring of iron/steel
stingers from bees and wasps should be removed by?
black widow is identified by?
hourglass on its belly
Spider has violin marking on back and leaves necrosis an black scab on bite?
how do you identify crotalids?
Pit-vipers, flat triangular heads with slit like pupils
Elapids are what?
Coral snakes, Cobra, Krait, and mamba snakes
how do you remember what a coral snake looks like?
Red on Yellow kill a fellow
max time for constricting band is?
2 hours, every half hour take off for 15 min
What is the treatment for serious jelly fish stings
pour vinegar (2 liters) over sting for at least 30 seconds
Where are sea snakes found?
warm waters of the indian and pacific ocean
what is significant about sea snakes
very poisonous but short fangs (1/4 in)
What is the most common method of heroin?
injecting directly into vein
most widely abused drug today?
directly affects central nervous system by increasing mental alertness and combating drowsiness/fatigue
Cocaine, although classified as narcatic, is what type of drug?
What is the name of marijuana
materials with potential of harming people/environment?
people involved with HAZMAT be familiar with what publication?
Emergency Response Guidebook
Hazard materials comprised of?
HAZMAT yellow indicates
HAZMAT red indicates
HAZMAT white indicates?
HAZMAT blue indicates
designed to prevent clean support zone from being contaminated?
contaminated reduction zone - warm area
process of removing/neutralizing contaminants?
most frequently appropriate method of decontamination