Final Exam- Endocrine System

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  1. Protein hormones include:

    A)Hormones of the Pituitary gland
    B)Angiotensin
    C)E and NE
    D)A & B
    e)All of the above
    D)A & B
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. All protein hormones work through

    A) None of these
    B) Second messengers
    C) Chylomicrons
    D) First Messengers
    B)Second messengers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. In general, second messengers work through

    A) D-cAMP
    B) Cyclic AMP
    C) Open calcium channels
    D) Adenosine triphosphate
    B)Cyclic AMP
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which is in the right order?

    a)Protein hormone binds to the receptor, receptor activates
    D-cAMP, amount of cAMP decreases, G protein becomes activated
    b)Protein hormone binds to the receptor, amount of cAMP
    decreases, receptor activates D-cAMP, G protein becomes activated
    c)G protein becomes activated, receptor activates D-cAMP,
    amount of cAMP decreases, protein hormone binds to the receptor
    d)G protein becomes activated, amount of cAMP decreases,
    receptor activates D-cAMP, protein hormone binds to the receptor
    • a)Protein hormone binds to the receptor, receptor activates
    • D-cAMP, amount of cAMP decreases, G protein becomes activated
  5. What happens after activation of G-proteins?

    A)Activation of stuff that’s already in the cell
    B)None of these
    C)All of these
    D)Activation of enzymes
    E)Opening of ion channels
    F)Changes in membrane potential
    C)All of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. _______ are quick and short lived.

    A)Steroid hormones
    B)Protein hormones
    C)All of these
    D)First messengers
    B)Protein hormones
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Steroid hormones include

    a)Cortical steroids
    b)E & NE
    c)Progesterone/Testosterone
    d)Aldosterone/Calcitrol
    e)A & C
    f)All of the above
    f)All of the above
  8. Steroid hormones
    A) move through the plasma membrane
    B) bind to the DNA (inside the cell) and turns on the gene
    C) B & C only
    D) all of these
    E) work with gene activation
    D) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. _____ initiate protein synthesis of new proteins. Takes longer to act but the effects last longer.
    A) Catecholamines
    B) Steroid hormones
    C) Releasing hormones
    D) Protein hormones
    B) Steroid hormones
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Hormones from the ________ are dumped into the portal system and act on the anterior pituitary.
    A) Pineal gland
    B) Hypothalamus
    C) Adrenal cortex
    D) Thalamus
    B) Hypothalamus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Thyroid hormones contain _______
    A) Phosphate
    B) Full valance electron shells
    C) Fat soluble vitamins
    D) Iodine
    D) Iodine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which hormone is produced by the suprarenal medulla?
    A) aldosterone
    B) glucocorticoids
    C) all of these
    D) E & NE
    C) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Cyclic-AMP functions as a second messenger to
    A) open ion channels and activate key enzymes in the cytoplasm
    B) activate adenylate cyclase
    C) build proteins and catalyze speficic reaction
    D) bind the hormone-receptor complex to DNA segments
    A) open ion channels and activate key enzymes in the cytoplasm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. ACTH stimulates the release of
    A) thyroid hormones by the hypothalamus
    B) steriod hormones by the suprarenal glands
    C) growth hormones by the hypothalamus
    D) gonadotropins by the suprarenal glands
    B) steriod hormones by the suprarenal glands
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Growth is affected by:
    A) Reproductive hormones
    B) all of these
    C) PTH
    D) Calcitrol
    E) A & E
    B) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Effects of thyroid hormones
    A) accelerates ATP production
    B) increases the production of sodium/potassium ATPase
    C) increase the rate of energy consumption
    D) all of these
    D) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Calcitonin _____ the amount of Ca ions in the body, Parathyroid hormone _______ the amount of Ca ions in the body.
    A) increases, increases
    B) decreases, increases
    C) increases, decreases
    D) decreases, decreases
    B) decreases, increases
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which one is NOT a function of Natriuretic peptides?
    A) increases the excretion of proteins
    B) suppresses thirst
    C) inhibits ADH, Aldosterone and Angiotensin II
    D) promotes loss of Na/H2O at the kidneys
    A) increases the excretion of proteins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. _______ raises blood glucose and ________ lowers blood glucose.
    A) None of these
    B) Insulin, Calcitonin
    C) Glucagon, insulin
    D) Insulin, glucagon
    C) Glucagon, insulin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
Author:
elo266
ID:
19783
Card Set:
Final Exam- Endocrine System
Updated:
2010-05-18 23:35:49
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final exam endocrine
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Anatomy 508
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